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The Scientific Revolution. 1540-1670. Scientific Thought pre-1600. Revolved around Aristotle Astronomy Physics and Motion Referred to Galen for medical explanations Relied on the Catholic Church. Causes of the Scientific Revolution.

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Scientific thought pre 1600
Scientific Thought pre-1600

  • Revolved around Aristotle

    • Astronomy

    • Physics and Motion

  • Referred to Galen for medical explanations

  • Relied on the Catholic Church

Figures of the scientific revolution
Figures of the Scientific Revolution Revolution” and answer questions

Nicolaus copernicus 1473 1543
Nicolaus Revolution” and answer questions Copernicus (1473-1543)

  • Polish clergyman

  • Studied Ptolemy

  • Suggested that the sun, rather than the earth is the center of the universe

  • Works published posthumously

  • Implications and Impact of his work

Tycho brahe 1546 1601
Tycho Revolution” and answer questions Brahe (1546-1601)

  • Danish nobleman

  • Received grants from the government to build conservatories

  • All planets revolve around the sun and that the group of sun and planets revolve around the earth’s system

Johannes kepler 1571 1630
Johannes Revolution” and answer questionsKepler (1571-1630)

  • Brahe’s assistant

  • Law 1: Orbits are elliptical rather than circular (1609)

  • Law 2: Planets do not move in uniform speed around the sun (1609)

  • Law 3: There is a force that pulls everything toward earth

  • Used mathematics to prove the relations of the system

Isaac newton 1642 1727
Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Revolution” and answer questions

  • Works with alchemy

  • Law of Universal Gravitation

Galileo documents
Galileo Documents Revolution” and answer questions

  • “Letter to Christina of Tuscany”

  • Author

  • Date:

  • What topics should be left to science? Religion?

  • Why are they views crucial to the Scientific Revolution?

  • “The Papal Inquisition of 1633”

  • Author:

  • Date:

  • Why were Galileo’s views threatening to the Catholic Church?

  • What are some long-range consequences of such a stance by the Church towards these views?

Rene descartes 1596 1650
Rene Descartes (1596-1650) sources

  • The Discourse on Method

    • 1. SOAPS analysis

      • S

      • O

      • A

      • P

      • S

    • 2. How do his methods on attaining knowledge differ from traditional ways?

    • 3. What are the weaknesses of his approach?

Francis bacon documents
Francis Bacon Documents sources

  • “Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science”

    • Developed empirical reasoning/method

    • Leads to the development of the Scientific Method

The anatomy lesson of dr tulp 1632
“The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. sourcesTulp” ~ 1632

  • Rembrandt van Rijn

  • Symbols and Meaning

Backlash from the catholic church and responses
Backlash from the Catholic Church and Responses sources

  • Why the ideas were so feared

    • If the universe is expanding, where is the room for God?

    • No reliance on faith or miracles

    • Turned against traditional viewpoints and beliefs

    • Threat of losing members

  • Actions of the Catholic Church

    • House arrest of scientists (i.e. Galileo)

    • Refusal to teach new theories at universities

  • Scientific Response

    • Scripture is vague – need an explanation

    • Can use religion to explain those things in nature that cannot be explained

    • We can use the knowledge that God gave us to develop and grow

Big picture questions
Big Picture Questions sources

  • What were the main ways in which the science of the seventeenth century broke with the science of previous centuries?

  • What were some of the main problems facing seventeenth century scientists? How did they handle these problems?

  • What factors were present in seventeenth century society that made these new discoveries possible?

  • What were the effects of the Scientific Revolution?