The devious logic of metaphor
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The Devious Logic of Metaphor. Leroy Searle University of Washington. Metaphor as an Instrument of Relation. Type 1: Attribute Matching e.g. My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose Type 2: Analogy & Substitution e.g. The eye of heaven Type 3: Problematic Intensionality

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The Devious Logic of Metaphor

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The devious logic of metaphor

The Devious Logic of Metaphor

Leroy Searle

University of Washington


Metaphor as an instrument of relation

Metaphor as an Instrument of Relation

  • Type 1: Attribute Matching

  • e.g. My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose

  • Type 2: Analogy & Substitution

  • e.g. The eye of heaven

  • Type 3: Problematic Intensionality

  • Type 4: Association Restriction

  • (acres of illustrations)


1 attribute matching a r b

1: Attribute Matching: A—r—B

  • A Red, Red Rose

  • O my luve's like a red, red rose

  • That's newly sprung in June;

  • O mu luve's like the melodie

  • That's sweetly play'd in tune.

  • As fair art thou, my bonie lass,

  • So deep in luve am I;

  • And I will luve thee still, my dear,

  • Till a' the seas gang dry.

  • Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear,

  • And the rocks melt wi' the sun;

  • O I will luve thee still, my dear

  • While the sands o' life shall run.

  • And fare-thee-weel, my only Luve!

  • And fare-thee-weel awhile!

  • And I will come again, my luve,

  • Tho' 'twere ten thousand miles.

  • O my luve's like a red, red rose,

  • That's newly sprung in June;

  • O my luve's like the melodie

  • That's sweetly play'd in tune.

  • --Robert Burns

Love Rose Melody in tune

-fresh -fresh-fresh?

-beautiful -beautiful-beautiful

-[animal] -plant -abstract

-smell -smell -?

-? -thorns -?

-? -aphids -?

-pleasing -pleasing -pleasing


2 analogy substitution

2: Analogy & Substitution

  • XVIII

  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

  • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

  • And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

  • Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

  • And every fair from fair sometime declines,

  • By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

  • Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

  • Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

  • When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

  • So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

  • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

  • --William Shakespeare

eye: face :: sun : heaven

eye of heaven

but not:

sun of face


3 problematic intensionality violation of expectations

3: Problematic Intensionality: Violation of expectations

  • The Sick Rose

  • O Rose thou art sick.

  • The invisible worm,

  • That files in the night

  • In the howling storm:

  • Has found out thy bed

  • Of crimson joy:

  • And his dark secret love

  • Does thy life destroy

  • --William Blake


4 associational restrictions

4. Associational Restrictions

  • 986

    A narrow Fellow in the Grass

    Occasionally rides—

    You may have met Him—did you not

    His notice sudden is—

    The Grass divides as with a Comb—

    A spotted shaft is seen—

    And then it closes at your feet

    And opens further on—

    He likes a Boggy Acre

    A Floor too cool for Corn—

    Yet when a Boy, and Barefoot—

    I more than once at Noon

    Have passed, I thought, a Whip lash

    Unbraiding in the Sun

    When stooping to secure it

    It wrinked, and was gone—

    Several of Nature’s People

    I know, and they know me—

    I feel for them a transport

    Of cordiality—

    But never met this Fellow

    Attended, or alone

    Without a tighter breathing

    And Zero at the Bone—

    --Emily Dickinson

By Noun

By Verb

By Modifier

By Syntax

By Convention

Also: Allusions, Quotations, &c.


Mediating functions topic comment grammar

Mediating Functions / Topic – Comment Grammar

TOPICCOMMENT

[community] [history]

{First}*

Selecting

identifying structuring

P: :S

[Perception Cognition] [Syntax Situation]

-predicating-

{Third }*

processing

{Second}*

* Categories of Charles Sanders Peirce


Computer poetry

Computer Poetry

Shall I compare thee to a noxious bed?

Thou art more like a graceful squalid egg:

For none will ever warmly call thee red

Until, my elk, they see us choke a leg.

My heart is crimson, likewise is it blue,

When e'er I see the hopeless maidens growl;

I stunned the reckless butler - for a gnu

Had crudely whistled as it found a fowl.

Alas! the days of android, blob and pine

Are gone, and now the stainless scarecrows fume;

Icelandic was the reindeer, now so fine

And vermin cannot heat the chuckling broom.

But thou, my falling gorgon, shalt not write

Until we firmly stand at Heaven's light.

  • --Jonathan R. Partington

  • http://www.geocities.com/j_r_partington/sonnet.html


Canons of logic

‘Canons’ of Logic

  • (1) the law of contradiction,

    • for all propositions p, it is impossible for both p and not p to be true

  • (2) the law of excluded middle (or third),

    • either p or ~p must be true, there being no third or middle true proposition between them

  • (3) the principle of identity.

    • a thing is identical with itself, x=x.

    • BUT:

    • (1) presupposes uniform intensionality, and is therefore not criteriological for truth or falsity if that condition is not established: it is a felicity condition for decisions;

    • (2) presupposes that the formation of predicates is either exhaustive or unproblematic; it is therefore a felicity condition for the selection or formulation of predicates;

    • (3) is a logical prejudice deriving from an uncritical acceptance of (1) & (2) as unproblematic. It further assumes that the only mode of being is the being of a thing.


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