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Making plurals. Plural Articles. Definite articles = the. el. los. la. las. Indefinite articles = a, an. some. un. unos. una. unas. Plural Nouns. If a noun ends in a vowel add “s” If a noun ends in a consonant add “es” If it ends in a Z change the “z” to a “c” and add “es”.

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plural articles
Plural Articles

Definite articles = the

el

los

la

las

Indefinite articles = a, an

some

un

unos

una

unas

plural nouns
Plural Nouns
  • If a noun ends in a vowel add “s”
  • If a noun ends in a consonant add “es”
  • If it ends in a Z change the “z” to a “c” and add “es”

El alumno los alumnos

La alumna las alumnas

Un profesor Unos profesores

Un lápiz Unos lápices

plural adjectives
Plural adjectives
  • Adjectives have to match the noun in number and gender.
  • Remember that adjectives that end in an “o” have four forms.
  • Not all adjectives end in “o”. Use the same rules as making nouns plural

Cómico cómicos

Cómica cómicas

All of these adjectives are BOTH masculine and Feminine.

They only have two forms:

Singular and plural.

Deportista Deportistas (athletic)

Popular populares

Felíz Felices

plural subject pronouns
Plural Subject Pronouns

Singular forms

Plural forms

Talking about myself as part of a group

Talking about myself

Yo

Nosotros, nosotras

Uds.

(“Vosotros, vosotras” in Spain)

Talking to a group of friends

Talking to you, a friend

Él

Ellos

Talking about a guy

Talking about a group of guys or a mixed group

Ella

Ellas

Talking about a girl

Talking about a group of girls only

Ud.

Uds.

Talking to you, a person I should respect

Talking to all of you as a group

plural forms of ser
Plural Forms of “ser”

Singular forms

Plural forms

Soy

Somos

I am

We are

Eres

Uds. Son

(“Vosotrossois” in Spain)

You are (familiar)

Éles

Ellosson

He is

They are (males or mixed)

Ellaes

Ellasson

She is

They are (females)

Ud.es

Uds. son

You are (formal)

All of you are

putting it all together
Putting it all together
  • El muchacho es inteligente y serio.
  • Los muchachosson inteligentes y serios.
  • Pilar es popular.
  • Pilar y Lupe son populares
  • Tú eres honesto.
  • Uds. son honestos
  • Tú y yosomos honestos
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