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Designing a Physical Education Curriculum that Makes Sense. Steve C. Jefferies & Kirk E. Mathias Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA (Contact: [email protected]). What a curriculum isn’t…. A list of skills, games or sports

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Designing a physical education curriculum that makes sense l.jpg

Designing a Physical Education Curriculum that Makes Sense

Steve C. Jefferies

&

Kirk E. Mathias

Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA

(Contact: [email protected])


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What a curriculum isn’t…

  • A list of skills, games or sports

  • Separate lists at elementary, middle, and secondary levels

  • Activities (skills and drills) that are repeated at every grade level

  • Chosen based on teacher preference

  • Activities requested by students with limited experience of alternatives

  • Exposure to many skills and mastery of none

  • A document to be shelved


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1

2

3

4

5

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7

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10

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Scope & Sequence

Progression

Sequence

Scope

K

12


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21st Century Physical Education

  • Lifestyles have changed over the past 50 years.

  • Many jobs no longer exist and many jobs our students will do have yet to be created.

  • How has Physical Education changed?

    • Elementary

    • Middle School

    • High School


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Change

“If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll always get what you’ve always got.”




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TEN Planning Steps you get there.

  • Identify PE Values & Beliefs

  • Write PE Philosophy & Mission Statement

  • Identify School District Program Goals

  • List & Prioritize PE Program Content

  • Organize PE Program Content

  • Select Content Based On Time and Program Goals

  • Sequence Content Across Grades

  • Sequence Content Within Grades

  • Design Instructional Unit Plans

  • Schedule Completed Curriculum into School Curriculum


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Preparing for you get there.change…

  • Physical education for the 21st Century

  • NASPE Content Standards (NASPE)

  • Appropriate Practices guidelines (NASPE)

  • Review curriculum models

  • Browse K-12 school web sites (PELINKS4U)

  • What is “New” Physical Education?

  • Elementary & Secondary Challenges

  • Physical education is critical to a complete education (NASPE document)

  • What constitutes a quality physical education program? (NASPE)

  • Kansas Standards (http://ksweb.ksde.org/cshp/html/standards.html)

Create an atmosphere for change!!


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Planning you get there.

  • Fund a 2-day event = Focused time

  • Invite ALL teachers

  • Choose convenient dates/times

  • Host out-of-town

  • Park cell phones outside meeting room!

  • Get commitment to be a full participant


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PE Values & Beliefs you get there.

  • Helps to create a vision of what you want your program to look like.

  • If time can create/If time is limited present some options and have individuals select top 5.

  • Combine into groups and have groups create top 5.

  • Finish by having entire group come to consensus on a total of 10-12 statements.


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PE Values & Beliefs you get there.

The XYZ Physical Education and Health Education Staff Value:

 The opportunity to teach students new skills and knowledge that will have a positive impact on their lives.

 Helping students to learn the skills needed to successfully participate in new physical activities.

  • The importance of health-promoting physical activity for all students regardless of gender, race, or ability and the positive benefits to be gained from regular participation.


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PE Values & Beliefs you get there.

The XYZ Physical Education and Health Education Staff Believe:

 Physical Education and Health Education are core components of the school’s academic curriculum

  • The development of a healthy and active body contributes to academic achievement.

  • All students, regardless of ability, can successfully experience meaningful and enjoyable daily physical activity within and outside the school setting.


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Health & Fitness Values you get there.

The Ellensburg School Health and Fitness Staff Value:

  • maintaining the health triangle (mental/emotional, physical, social)

  • positive attitudes and hard work during regular physical activity participation and goal setting.

  • physical education as an integral component to a school

  • school district and community support for Physical Education.

  • the self-esteem level of our students.

  • the impact that Physical Education has on students’ relative to real world demands.

  • a program that promotes being physically active for a lifetime.

  • students who are working toward personal fitness.



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Health & Fitness you get there.Beliefs

The Ellensburg School Health and Fitness Staff Believe:

  • that students who are emotionally, physically and socially healthy are more apt to be physically fit.

  • PE is a foundation for an active and healthy lifestyle.

  • PE is a just as important as any other subject.

  • the development of a healthy and active body contributes to academic achievement.

  • fitness is a lifelong habit and prepares children to take ownership for their own health and wellness.

  • PE/Health teachers should provide positive, motivating, PE experiences that help all students to make better life style choices.

  • PE should offer opportunity for everyone to participate.

  • PE provides opportunity for development of teamwork sportsmanship, communication, goal setting and leadership.

  • PE inspires activity outside of the school day.

  • PE should be taught by trained/endorsed physical educators.

  • that progressive motor skill development is essential for lifetime participation.

  • that PE should be required daily.

  • that the Physical Education curriculum should be closely articulated with the state and national standards.



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Mission Statement you get there.(where are you going?)


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Mission Statement you get there.

Physical Education is an essential component of the education program.  A student who is physically educated is more likely to become a healthy adult who is motivated to remain healthy and physically active throughout his or her life.

According to the U.S. Surgeon General, regular physical activity is one of the most important things that people can do to maintain and improve their physical health, mental health, and overall well-being. 

The mission of the Vintage Hills Physical Education program is to provide students with the skills, knowledge, beliefs, and confidence necessary for a lifetime of good health and physical activity.

Vintage Hills Elementary School, Pleasanton CA


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Evergreen High School Physical Education and Health Program you get there.

Mission Statement

The mission of the Evergreen High School Physical Education and Health Program is to motivate and educate every student with the skills and knowledge necessary to become healthy and stay healthy. Good health and fitness has a positive impact physically, socially, emotionally, and academically. Our mission is to provide a safe learning environment filled with respect and consistency where our students are motivated and educated to lead healthy, active and productive lives.


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Identify School District Program Goals you get there.

GOAL 1: Demonstrate skill proficiency and knowledge in: Aquatics, Dance/Rhythms, Individual Activities, and Dual Activities.

GOAL 2: Assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.

GOAL 3: Demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.

GOAL 4: Demonstrate personal and social skills.


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  • Renton School District PE & Health Program Goals you get there.

  • 1. Demonstrate skill proficiency and knowledge in four activities: * One Team Sport* One Fitness Activity* One Individual Sport* One Recreational/Lifetime Activity

  • 2. Develop a personalized health-promoting fitness plan

  • 3. Participates regularly and values participation in health-promoting physical activity in and out of school

  • 4. Demonstrate appropriate social skills and behaviors when participating in physical activity.


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Health & Fitness Program Goals you get there.

The Ellensburg School District Health & Fitness Curriculum has been designed to help all students meet National and State Content Standards and specifically be able to:

  • develop a general fitness plan using the FITT (Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type) principle for individual needs and desires.

  • demonstrate skill proficiency and knowledge in three activities: * one Team Sport* one Individual Sport* one Recreational/Lifetime Activity

  • participate in physical activities.

  • understand the effects of drugs, alcohol, tobacco and other health related diseases have on their daily lives and be able to develop strategies that will enable them to make personal choices.

  • identify healthy food choices and their impact on body composition / fitness.

  • provide a basic knowledge of the equipment, rules, safety and necessary skills in a wide variety of fitness activities that can be enjoyed for life.

  • understand the importance of body composition rather than focusing on weight to determine fitness levels.

  • demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior in a variety of settings.



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Select Content Based On Time and Program Goals you get there.

  • So much to do and so little time.

  • What do we want our students to be able to do?

    • 100 minutes?

    • 700 minutes?

    • 1800 purposeful trials?


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Calculating Time you get there.




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Content Across Grades you get there.(Team Sports)

Ellensburg School District


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Sequence Content Within Grades you get there.

x = introduction to concept and skills

* = mastery of skills


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Design Instructional Unit Plans you get there.

http://www.naspeforum.org



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"Intelligence and skill can only function at the peak of their capacity when the body is healthy and strong"                                                               - John F. Kennedy


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Questions, Comments, & Discussion their capacity when the body is healthy and strong"                                                               - John F. Kennedy


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