Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91
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CHAPTER 18:DISAPPOINTMENTS IN MADRID, 1890 - 91.

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CHAPTER 18:DISAPPOINTMENTS IN MADRID, 1890 - 91

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Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

CHAPTER 18:DISAPPOINTMENTS IN MADRID, 1890 - 91

  • Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid. He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the Calamba tenants, but to no avail. He almost fought to duels – one with Antonio Luna and the other to Wenceslao E. Retana. Leonor Rivera married a British Engineer (Henry Kipping)

  • Rizal’s Misfortunes in Madrid:

    - FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY

    Asociacion Hispano – FilipinaLiberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El resumen, etc).M. H. Del Pilar – acted as his lawyer.Dr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina.Minister of Colonies (SeñorFabie)Gen. ValerioWeyler & Dominicans


Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

- MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID

From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba tenants. From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro. His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa.

-RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN

Jose Ma. Panganiban – his friend and his talented co-worker in the propaganda.August 19, 1890 – date of the death of Jose Ma. Panganiban because of a lingering illness.


Jose ma panganiban

JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN

- Itinago ang tunay na

pangalan sailalim ng sagisag

na JOMAPA

- Kilala sa pagkakaroon ng

“MEMORIA FOTOGRAFICA”

- Kabilang sa mga Kilusang Makabayan

MGA AKDA NI JOMAPA: 

  • ANG LUPANG TINUBUAN

  • SA AKING BUHAY 

  • SU PLAN DE ESTUDIO

  • EL PENSAMIENTO


Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

  • ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA

    End of August, 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid. Antonio Luna became drunk. Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead. He was blaming Rizal for his failure. Luna uttered certain unsavory remarks for Nellie. Rizal heard him and challenge for a duel.

    The Filipinos were shocked of the incident.

    They tried to pacify Rizal and Luna, pointing

    out to both that such a duel would damage

    their cause in Spain. Luna, when he became

    sober, realized that he had made a fool and

    he apologized to Rizal.


Rizal challenges retana to duel

RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL

Wenceslao E. Retana , the bitter

enemy of Rizal in pen. Attacked

Filipinos including Rizal, in various

newspaper in Madrid La Epoca – an

anti- Filipino newspaper . He insulted

Rizal’s family, so Rizal challenged to a

duel. Retana at once published a

Retraction and apology in the

newspaper. The incident silenced

Retana’s pen against Rizal. Later on he

write the biography of the greatest

Filipino hero, whose talents he came

to recognize and whose martyrdom he

glorified.


Infidelity of leonor rivera

INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA

Teatro Apollo

Rizal attended a play together with

his friends and he lost his locket

containing the picture of Leonor

December, 1890

Rizal received a letter from

Leonor, announcing her coming

married with an Englishman

(Henry Kipping)

February 15, 1891

Blumentritt replied to the letter of

Rizal and comforted Rizal when Rizal

confide to him about his agony

and broken heart.


Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

- RIZAL – DEL PILAR RIVALRY 1890

There arise an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy.

January 1, 1891 (New Year’s Day)

the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina Responsable - a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe2/3 votes needed to be declared as Responsible.

- RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP

February 1891 – (1st week) election starts Filipinos were divided into two rival camps: Rizalistas - Pilaristas. Paterno appealed to the members so that Rizal won the position.


Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

Ilustrados in Madrid


Chapter 18 disappointments in madrid 1890 91

BACK TO BRUSSELS (February 1891)

- Left Madrid and proceeded to Biarritz, where he was a welcomed guest of the Boustead at their Villa Eliada.

- He wrote to Jose Ma. Basa, expressing his wish to live in Hongkong and practice medicine.

- Middle of April 1891 – Rizal returned to Brussels for one reason, to finish his second novel.

Jose Alejandrino, Rizal's roommate in Belgium and the first person who cleverly read

the El Filibusterismo.


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