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Generative Writing. Session 4 Sentence Combining Adolescent Research and Development Team. Iowa Professional Development Model. The Iowa Professional Development Model. Provides a recommended framework Targets increased student learning & achievement

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generative writing
Generative Writing

Session 4

Sentence Combining

Adolescent Research and Development Team

the iowa professional development model
The Iowa Professional Development Model
  • Provides a recommended framework
  • Targets increased student learning & achievement
  • Responds to state and federal legislation
  • Is based on research that shows how professional development results in student achievement gains
what can the ipdm do for students
What Can the IPDM do for students?
  • Full implementation of the model has the capacity to:
    • increase learning and achievement for everyone
    • focus on specific needs of subgroups of students
generative writing sentence combining
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Purpose

  • Combine sentences to vary sentence length and increase the reader’s interest
  • Build writing fluency
  • Build word choice
generative writing sentence combining1
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining
  • Advanced step in generative

writing

  • Advanced level to use with Grades 4-8 to scaffold learning.
generative writing sentence combining2
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining
  • Objective: To compose written messages based on given words.
  • Activity: Given specific parameters, students use their understanding of syntax and sentence structure to construct meaningful texts.
  • Level of Support: Moderate at the beginning working to small group and then independent activities.
  • Format: Whole class, small group, or individual student.

Fisher, D. & Frey, N. (2007). Scaffolded Writing Instruction: Teaching with a Gradual-Release Framework. New York: Scholastic.

generative writing sentence combining correlation to iowa core curriculum
Generative Writing: Sentence CombiningCorrelation to Iowa Core Curriculum
  • Adheres to conventions generally established in spelling, punctuation, grammar, usage, syntax, and style
  • Uses writing as a tool for learning
  • Engages in the information literacy process: accesses, evaluates, and communicates information and ideas
  • Is able to write on demand
  • Communicates in a variety of genres

Iowa Department of Education. (2009, February). Iowa Core Curriculum. Des Moines, IA: Author.

generative writing sentence combining3
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Objective

Students will be able to combine sentences to:

  • vary sentence length
  • increase the reader’s interest
  • reduce unnecessary verbiage
generative writing sentence combining4
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining
  • Use Gradual Release of Instruction Model
  • Sentence Combining may be difficult for students who lack strong syntactical knowledge
  • Needs to be taught throughout the year
  • Use books read in the classroom as models

Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2007). Scaffolded Writing Instruction: Teaching With a Gradual-Release Framework. New York: Scholastic.

generative writing sentence combining5
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining
  • Students are taught to combine short sentences by using:
    • conjunctions,
    • phrase modifiers
    • compound verbs
    • compound subjects

Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2007). Scaffolded Writing Instruction: Teaching With a Gradual-Release Framework. New York: Scholastic.

generative writing sentence combining6
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Whole Class

  • Focus lesson modeling teacher thinking

Small Group

  • Focus lesson modeling deficit writing skills
  • Guided practice to combine sentences
  • Generative writing from letter placing or word limiting levels to help reluctant writers begin writing

Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2007). Scaffolded Writing Instruction: Teaching With a Gradual-Release Framework. New York: Scholastic.

generative writing sentence combining7
Generative Writing:Sentence Combining

Example A

Teacher’s directions:

“Use a proper noun in a sentence.”

Student writes:Manuel is writing a letter to his family.

generative writing sentence combining8
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Example B

“Write a sentence with the word embassy and an adjective describing the target word.”

Student writes : The French Embassy is on Cathedral Street.

generative writing sentence combining9
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Example C

“Write a sentence that asks a question using the word mineral.”

Student writes: How would a scientist identify the mineral found in this rock?

a structure for successful instruction gradual release of responsibility

A Structure for Successful InstructionGradual Release of Responsibility

Adapted from Doug Fisher

Better Learning Through Structured Teaching

generative writing sentence combining10
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Video clip of a

Generative Writing Sentence Combining Guided Lesson – Gradual Release of Responsibility Model-Guided Instruction

generative writing sentence combining11
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Complete the Sentence Combining Video Response Sheet as you view the video.

generative writing sentence combining12
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Group Discussion of the Sentence Combining Video Response Sheet

generative writing sentence combining14
Generative Writing:Sentence Combining
  • Small Group Explicit Instruction
    • Use generative writing in small groups to work on missing skills in writing for your students.
    • Tape record instructions of generative writing for students to complete in small group with a leader in charge of the recording.
    • Revise and expand generative writing during Writer’s Workshop. (ie. Word families or drawing pictures and writing sentences to show word meaning)
generative writing sentence combining15
Generative Writing: Sentence Combining

Pair Share Activity

  • Think of how you could implement this into your classroom setting. (How often, how much time needed, preparation, would this work for you?)
  • Share with 1 -2 people at your table.
  • Volunteers to share with whole group.
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