Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man made radionuclides
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Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man-made radionuclides. Dr Chris Busby PhD University of Liverpool [email protected] Summary of argument. Childhood cancer caused by human internal exposure to novel man-made radioactive isotopes e.g. Sr-90, Pu-239

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Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man-made radionuclides

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Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man made radionuclides

Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man-made radionuclides

Dr Chris Busby PhD

University of Liverpool

[email protected]


Summary of argument

Summary of argument

  • Childhood cancer caused by human internal exposure to novel man-made radioactive isotopes e.g. Sr-90, Pu-239

  • Error in ICRP risk model due to averaging of doses over large tissue masses

  • Nuclear site (e.g.Sellafield, La Hague, Dounreay) leukemia clusters require error in ICRP model of 300-1000 fold.

  • Increases in infant leukemia after Chernobyl demonstrate error of 100-400 in ICRP risk models.

  • Consequenses for children and adults living near Irish Sea, or other radioactive contamination.


Icrp phantom

ICRP phantom


Depleted uranium particle doses

Depleted uranium particle doses


Infant mortality in wales

Infant mortality in Wales


The nordic leukaemia study

The “Nordic” leukaemia study


Danish leukaemia age 0 4 from clemmensen data

Danish leukaemia age 0 – 4 from Clemmensen data


Childhood leukaemia with distance from la hague

Childhood leukaemia with distance from La Hague


Errors in icrp model

Errors in ICRP model


Whole body caesium trends

Whole body Caesium trends


Childhood cancer in wales by distance from irish sea km

Childhood cancer in Wales by distance from Irish Sea (km)


Childhood leukaemia

Childhood leukaemia


Htv y byd ar bedwar feb 10 2004

HTV: Y Byd ar Bedwar, Feb 10, 2004

Cansyrs Plant (childhood cancer)

Tweli Griffiths, Linda Parry, Chris Busby

  • The discoveries by HTV define the existence of a childhood leukemia and brain tumour cluster in the Menai Strait coastal area of north Wales, more serious and more statistically significant than the Seascale (Sellafield) cluster discovered by Yorkshire TV in 1983.

  • From 2000-2003, 21-fold excess child leukaemia in Caernarfon ages 0-4; (3 cases, 0.1 expected, p = 0.0000) and 6 leukaemia cases in the 34 wards adjacent the contaminated Menai Strait, RR = 7.8 (p = 0.0005)

  • From 1996-2003, 18-fold excess brain and spinal tumour rate in ages 0-14 in Caernarfon (5 cases; p = 0.0000) and 9 cases in the 34 Menai wards (RR=5.4, p = 0.0004)


Genetic and somatic effects from internal exposure to man made radionuclides

Table 2 Cancer cases from interviews in North West Wales (from snowball interviews by HTV reporter)

Table 2 Cancer cases from interviews in North West Wales (from snowball interviews by HTV reporter)

Table 2 Cancer cases from interviews in North West Wales (from snowball interviews by HTV reporter)

Note: ALL = Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, AML = Acute myeloid leukaemia; NHL = non Hodgkin lymphoma

Note: ALL = Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, AML = Acute myeloid leukaemia; NHL = non Hodgkin lymphoma

Note: ALL = Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, AML = Acute myeloid leukaemia; NHL = non Hodgkin lymphoma


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • The ICRP model for internal exposure to anthropogenic radiation is unsafe.

  • Radioactive pollution from atmospheric weapons tests 1959-63 caused, genetic damage and infant mortality and is the cause of the present cancer epidemic.

  • Living near contaminated intertidal marine sediment carries significant cancer risk.

  • The increases in childhood cancer and leukaemia are largely caused by internal exposure to man-made radioactive substances.


Leukaemia radium production

Leukaemia & radium production


Low dose internal radiation exposure and health

Low-dose internal radiation exposure and health

  • Scientific Secretary: European Committee on Radiation Risk: www.euradcom.org

  • Scientific Advisor: Low Level Radiation Campaign: www.llrc.org

  • Green Audit: www.greenaudit.org

  • UK Department of Health: Committee Examining Radiation Risk from Internal Emitters: www.cerrie.org

  • UK Ministry of Defence: Depleted Uranium Oversight Board: www.duob.org


Biphasic dose response

Biphasic dose response


Childhood cancers 0 4 yrs

Childhood cancers 0 – 4 yrs


Hiroshima dose response i

Hiroshima dose response I


Hiroshima dose response ii

Hiroshima dose response II


Fallout doses and subsequent cancer

Fallout doses and subsequent cancer


Nuclear industry family study

Nuclear industry family study


Childhood leukaemia in nordic study and in denmark olsen

Childhood leukaemia in Nordic Study and in Denmark (Olsen)


Plutonium in autopsy specimens

Plutonium in autopsy specimens


Plutonium across the uk

Plutonium across the UK


Predicted leukaemia in infants after chernobyl

Predicted leukaemia in infants after Chernobyl


Infant leukaemia after chernobyl

Infant leukaemia after Chernobyl


Leukaemia risk in chernobyl infants

Leukaemia risk in Chernobyl infants


Chernobyl and low birthweight

Chernobyl and low birthweight


Plutonium in teeth

Plutonium in teeth


Fallout and childhood leukaemia in england and wales

Fallout and childhood leukaemia in England and Wales


Brain tumours in children

Brain tumours in children


Leukaemia in wales 1974 89 by distance from irish sea

Leukaemia in Wales 1974 – 89 by distance from Irish Sea


Childhood cancers 0 4 yrs1

Childhood cancers 0-4 yrs


Effect of the nevada tests

Effect of the Nevada tests


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