The needs and challenges of women s sexual reproductive health in eastern europe and central asia
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The Needs and Challenges of Women’s Sexual & Reproductive Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. RHSC Conference, Addis Ababa, June 24 th , 2011 Joanna Dec, IPPF European Network Regional Executive Committee Member. IPPF EUROPEAN NETWORK.

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The needs and challenges of women s sexual reproductive health in eastern europe and central asia

The Needs and Challenges of Women’s Sexual & Reproductive Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

RHSC Conference,

Addis Ababa,

June 24th, 2011

Joanna Dec,

IPPF European Network

Regional Executive Committee Member


Ippf european network
IPPF EUROPEAN NETWORK Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • Members in 41 countries in Europe and Central Asia

  • Some of IPPF’s founder members are from the region

  • Creation of 21 MAs in post-Soviet Eastern Europe, Balkans and Central Asia

IPPF EN


Sexual and reproductive health and rights what do women want
Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Health in Eastern Europe and Central AsiaWhat do women want?

  • Sexual health and well being

  • Choice of if/when to have children and how many

  • Safe motherhood

  • Bodily integrity

►Access

►Quality

►Information

►Rights

IPPF EN


Contraceptive prevalence modern methods
Contraceptive Prevalence, Modern Methods Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Choosing if and when to have a child

Source: UNFPA, State of the World Population, 2010

IPPF EN


Contraceptive prevalence modern traditional methods
Contraceptive Prevalence, Health in Eastern Europe and Central AsiaModern + Traditional Methods

Choosing if and when to have a child

Source: UNFPA, State of the World Population, 2010

IPPF EN


Choosing if and when to have a child Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Source: UNFPA, State of the World Population, 2010


Link between abortion and reliable contraception
Link between abortion and reliable contraception Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Choosing if and when to have a child

Sources:

UNFPA, State of the World Population, 2010

WHO, European Health For All Database, 2010


Choosing if and when to have a child Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Abortions by age group

Source: WHO, European Health For All Database, 2010


Critical issues

Choosing if and when to have a child Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Critical Issues

  • Urban/rural disparities in access to services

  • Lack of knowledge on contraceptives and abortion methods

  • Poor quality of services, particularly counselling on contraceptives

  • Limited choice of contraceptives

  • High cost of contraceptives

  • Continuity of supply


Critical Issue: Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Comprehensive Sexuality Education

  • Essential for young people to have healthy and fulfilling sexuality

  • Not mandatory in all countries (very controversial in some)

  • Many variations between and within countries on:

  • Starting age and duration

  • Quality of teaching and teacher training

  • Quality of materials

  • Breadth of content: very often narrow (biological) and negative

  • Good materials and guidelines exist: we need to advocate for them

IPPF EN


Thank you! Health in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

IPPF EN


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