Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update
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Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update. Dana Brechwald , Earthquake and Hazards Specialist Lifeline Committee Meeting January 31, 2013. Objectives for Our Study. Goal

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Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update

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Infrastructure interdependencies research update

Infrastructure Interdependencies Research Update

Dana Brechwald, Earthquake and Hazards Specialist

Lifeline Committee Meeting

January 31, 2013


Objectives for our study

Objectives for Our Study

  • Goal

    • Understand performance of infrastructure systems serving airports to better understand performance of airports and to make actionable recommendations to improve airport performance

  • Objectives

    • Identify and qualify interdependencies and vulnerabilities

    • Identify “choke points,” redundancies and “islands”

    • Determine consequences of interdependencies on restoration and recovery

    • Identify and prioritize key mitigation strategies

    • Facilitate conversation among key stakeholders

    • Make specific actionable recommendations


Scope of our study

Scope of Our Study

  • Systems

    • Power

    • Water and Wastewater

    • Communications

    • Transportation (land transportation only)

    • Jet Fuel

    • Supply Chain

    • Employees/People

    • Air Traffic Control

  • Size

    • Region – high level

    • Airport-specific – more detail


Case studies

Case Studies

  • Don’t Wing It updated + new case studies

    • 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake

    • 1994 Northridge Earthquake

    • 2001 Seattle Earthquake

    • 2005 Hurricane Katrina

    • 2010 Haiti Earthquake

    • 2011 Christchurch Earthquake

    • 2011 Japan


Qualitative approaches

Qualitative Approaches

  • Rely on empirical observation, expert interviews

  • Typically use a damage scenario

  • Examine whole systems, not just nodes

  • Look at multi-sectoral societal impacts

  • Wide variety of outputs


Preliminary hierarchy high level

Preliminary Hierarchy – High Level


Anticipated products

Anticipated Products


Anticipated products1

Anticipated Products


Implementation steps

Implementation Steps

  • Confirm and Report

  • Data Synthesis and Analysis

  • Data Gathering

  • Research and Background

  • Select Earthquake Scenario

  • Examine Case Studies

  • Conduct GIS Mapping

  • Develop Interview Questions and Tools

  • Conduct Interviews

  • Synthesize interview responses

  • Write report

  • Check findings with stakeholders

  • Craft recommendations


Oakland airport focus area

Oakland Airport Focus Area

  • Exploring partnership with Adapting to Rising Tides project (BCDC)

  • Looking at multiple vulnerabilities to airport and surrounding infrastructure


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Earthquake scenario selection and feedback – April 2013

  • Case studies write up – May 2013 (feedback July 2013)

  • Mapping – May 2013 (feedback July 2013)


Implementation steps1

Implementation Steps

  • Confirm and Report

  • Data Synthesis and Analysis

  • Data Gathering

  • Research and Background

  • Select Earthquake Scenario

  • Examine Case Studies

  • Conduct GIS Mapping

  • Develop Interview Questions and Tools

  • Conduct Interviews

  • Synthesize interview responses

  • Write report

  • Check findings with stakeholders

  • Craft recommendations


Exercise

Exercise

Bay Area Microchip Manufacturing, Inc. is a locally-owned high-tech research and manufacturing company located in a possible liquefaction area in the South Bay. In a repeat 1906 earthquake (M 7.9 on the San Andreas fault, with an epicenter approximately two miles off the coast to the west of San Francisco), the site will experience violent ground shaking and possibly liquefaction. The company is housed in a typical 1990’s office park.


Preliminary hierarchy high level1

Preliminary Hierarchy – High Level


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