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Exhibit 1. Framing Questions Influence on Directing Subjective Personal Introspection in Explaining Behavior Source: In - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Exhibit 1. Framing Questions Influence on Directing Subjective Personal Introspection in Explaining Behavior Source: Inspired, in part, by Figure 5.1, Malle (2004, p. 119). Key: CHR, causal history reason valuing--positive or negative affect toward the action or its outcome

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Exhibit 1. Framing Questions Influence on Directing Subjective Personal Introspection in Explaining BehaviorSource: Inspired, in part, by Figure 5.1, Malle (2004, p. 119).

  • Key: CHR, causal history reason

  • valuing--positive or negative affect

  • toward the action or its outcome

  • marker--mental state verb used to distance

  • oneself from a prior held belief or desire

  • (e.g., “I feared,” “I thought,” “I wanted”)

Frame

Who?

Why?

How?

What? When?

Where?

implies causal

intentionality

implies belief/

desired

intentionality

implies enabling

intentionality

implies

unintentionality

offer situation

CHR

offer cause: actor

mentions factors causing the

unintentional behavior

situation EF

offer belief

reason

valuing

offer desire

reason

offer person

CHR

situation cause:

conscious /

unconscious

person EF

marker?

marker?

trait CHR

(e.g., informant

commits act

because she is

friendly)

person cause:

conscious /

unconscious

conscious / unconscious

knowledge, what actor

finds true/ false (e.g.,

“he thought,” “she knew”)

actor’s desired outcome,

often called goal, aim,

end, or purpose (e.g., “to

want to,” “to feel like,”

“to need to”)

trait EF

trait cause (e.g.,

low/high self-esteem)


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Exhibit 2. Measuring Informant-Held Explicit and Implicit Associations

Positivistic

Interpretive

1. Fixed-point

survey

responses

2. Existential-

phenomenological

reports

Explicit

Implicit

Explicit

Implicit

Verbal

Responses

3. Automatic

thought

retrievals

4. TAT;

FMET

5. Direct

observation

frequency

recordings

6. Direct

observation

meaning reports;

ZMET

Nonverbal

Responses

7. Implicit

association

test

8. Behavioral

drama

enactments


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