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Unit 2: Our Relationship with leadership & Government. Pre confederation: conflicts Seven years war, american revolution, war of 1812. Unit Overview. Course Questions:

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unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

Unit 2: Our Relationship with leadership & Government

Pre confederation: conflicts

Seven years war, american revolution, war of 1812

slide2
Unit Overview
  • Course Questions:
  • What is the most significant factor that influenced the development of Canada throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries: land, politics or people?
  • What does it mean to “be Canadian”?
  • Unit Questions:
  • Who or what had the most significant impact on the development of Canada as a country?
  • What elements of continuity and change exist in the sources of conflict and agreement in Canadian society?
slide3
PRE-CONFEDERATION:Last class’sTAKE HOME MESSAGE:WHO HAD INFLUENCE IN PRE-CONFEDERATION CANADA? TO WHAT DEGREE DOES THAT INFLUNCE PERSIST TODAY?
slide4
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Today’s TAKE HOME MESSAGE:Who were the key leaders of formal conflicts and what leadership characteristics did they rely upon for their success?

slide5
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • Seven Year’s War
  • Global in Scope
  • Winners and Losers
  • Significance to Canada: Acadian Expulsion, Battle of the Plains of Abraham, British dominance
  • American Revolution
  • The intolerable acts
  • Should we (Nova Scotia and Quebec) stay or should we go?
  • Significance to Canada: Loyalist immigration, Last (British) Man Standing in North America
  • War of 1812
  • A satellite war of America vs. Britain 2.0
  • “Indian” threat
  • Significance to Canada: Only armed conflict between US and Canada, Chief Tecumseh

How can these formal conflicts serve as study of LEADERSHIP?

slide6
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)
  • North America was….
    • “Just a few acres of snow.”– Voltaire– and yet…
    • Resource rich
    • Unchartered territory (literally)
    • A battle ground
      • French vs. English
      • European vs. Indigenous
      • Canada vs. English
      • Canada vs. USA

Causes of the Ultimate French/British Rivalry:

Resources (especially fur, particularly the Ohio River Valley)

Pride

A larger conflict in Europe

slide7
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)
  • War was global in scope and is referred to by different names in the various conflict areas (theatres of war)
    • French and Indian War (United States)
    • Seven Years War (Canada)
    • Pomeranian War (Sweden and Prussia)
    • Third Silesian War (Prussia and Austria)
  • The conflict in North America can be considered a satellite war of the European English/French conflicts.
  • French Strategy: Full-out victory in Europe
  • English Strategy: Focused victory in the colonies, especially North America
slide8
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Death of General Wolfe 1770 Benjamin West

slide9
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Portrait of Major-General James Wolfe (c 1760) Joseph Highmore

slide10
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm(c 1700) Sergent-Marceau

slide11
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)
  • Significance:
  • #1 Le Grand Derangement… The Acadian Expulsion
  • #2 Battle of the Plains of Abraham …The British Dominance in/of Canada
  • #3 First concerted allegiance of First Nations with the Mohawk, Abenaki, Huron and Onondaga forming the Seven Nations of Canada in support of France/New France against the British.
slide12
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • The American Revolution
  • Thirteen Colonies are resentful… rebellious… revolutionaries. Why?
slide13
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • The American Revolution
  • Thirteen Colonies are resentful… rebellious… revolutionaries. Why?
    • Seven Years War was a financial disaster for France and Britain
    • Britain 14 million pounds in debt
    • 300,000 pounds per year to defend BNA (France is gone but Spanish in Louisiana)
    • Attempts to raise taxes to cover this amount and conflict over how to administer Quebec leads to unrest in the Thirteen Colonies.
slide15
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • War of 1812
  • A war between the new United States of America and Britain because of 1) Napoleonic Wars in Europe and the 2) “Indian Wars” in the western US territories.
  • 1) Napoleonic Wars…
  • America traded with both England and France during the war
  • England responded by increased harassment and search of American trading ships.
  • Eventually a stalemate in Europe freed British soldiers who were relocated to North America to put an end to the fight in 1814.
  • 2) “Indian” Wars…
  • Louisiana Purchase encouraged expansion of West of American Settlers
  • Ran into resistance from First Nations
  • Britain allegedly provided assistance to First Nations against the Americans
  • War Hawks lead the fight to declare war on Britain over this
slide18
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts
  • War of 1812
  • Significance:
    • Lower Canadians resisted the American “liberators”, unlike their indifference during the American Revolution.
    • Showed how difficult and costly it was for Britain to continue to support the Canadian colonies.
    • Difference between Upper Canada (fought as British subjects for Britain) and Lower Canada (fought as Canadiens to defend their homes).
slide19
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

What qualities makes a great leader?

If you were to follow someone into battle, what are the three most important qualities from the list above?

slide20
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

3. What do you know about Canada and war?

4. Who are some people regarded as Canadian war “heroes”?

slide21
PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

Tecumseh- Collect the information sheet and questions on Chief Tecumseh and complete the activities.

Laura Secord- Collect the information sheet and questions on Laura Secord and complete the activities.

Winner or Loser?- Collect the questions and visit this website http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/themes.aspx?id=warof1812&sub=warof1812_basics_outcomes&lang=En and complete the activities.

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