Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government
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Unit 2: Our Relationship with leadership & Government. Pre confederation: conflicts Seven years war, american revolution, war of 1812. Unit Overview. Course Questions:

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Unit 2: Our Relationship with leadership & Government

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Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

Unit 2: Our Relationship with leadership & Government

Pre confederation: conflicts

Seven years war, american revolution, war of 1812


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

Unit Overview

  • Course Questions:

  • What is the most significant factor that influenced the development of Canada throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries: land, politics or people?

  • What does it mean to “be Canadian”?

  • Unit Questions:

  • Who or what had the most significant impact on the development of Canada as a country?

  • What elements of continuity and change exist in the sources of conflict and agreement in Canadian society?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION:

Last class’sTAKE HOME MESSAGE:WHO HAD INFLUENCE IN PRE-CONFEDERATION CANADA? TO WHAT DEGREE DOES THAT INFLUNCE PERSIST TODAY?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Today’s TAKE HOME MESSAGE:Who were the key leaders of formal conflicts and what leadership characteristics did they rely upon for their success?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • Seven Year’s War

  • Global in Scope

  • Winners and Losers

  • Significance to Canada: Acadian Expulsion, Battle of the Plains of Abraham, British dominance

  • American Revolution

  • The intolerable acts

  • Should we (Nova Scotia and Quebec) stay or should we go?

  • Significance to Canada: Loyalist immigration, Last (British) Man Standing in North America

  • War of 1812

  • A satellite war of America vs. Britain 2.0

  • “Indian” threat

  • Significance to Canada: Only armed conflict between US and Canada, Chief Tecumseh

How can these formal conflicts serve as study of LEADERSHIP?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)

  • North America was….

    • “Just a few acres of snow.”– Voltaire– and yet…

    • Resource rich

    • Unchartered territory (literally)

    • A battle ground

      • French vs. English

      • European vs. Indigenous

      • Canada vs. English

      • Canada vs. USA

Causes of the Ultimate French/British Rivalry:

Resources (especially fur, particularly the Ohio River Valley)

Pride

A larger conflict in Europe


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)

  • War was global in scope and is referred to by different names in the various conflict areas (theatres of war)

    • French and Indian War (United States)

    • Seven Years War (Canada)

    • Pomeranian War (Sweden and Prussia)

    • Third Silesian War (Prussia and Austria)

  • The conflict in North America can be considered a satellite war of the European English/French conflicts.

  • French Strategy: Full-out victory in Europe

  • English Strategy: Focused victory in the colonies, especially North America


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Death of General Wolfe 1770 Benjamin West


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Portrait of Major-General James Wolfe (c 1760) Joseph Highmore


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm(c 1700) Sergent-Marceau


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)

  • Significance:

  • #1 Le Grand Derangement… The Acadian Expulsion

  • #2 Battle of the Plains of Abraham …The British Dominance in/of Canada

  • #3 First concerted allegiance of First Nations with the Mohawk, Abenaki, Huron and Onondaga forming the Seven Nations of Canada in support of France/New France against the British.


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • The American Revolution

  • Thirteen Colonies are resentful… rebellious… revolutionaries. Why?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • The American Revolution

  • Thirteen Colonies are resentful… rebellious… revolutionaries. Why?

    • Seven Years War was a financial disaster for France and Britain

    • Britain 14 million pounds in debt

    • 300,000 pounds per year to defend BNA (France is gone but Spanish in Louisiana)

    • Attempts to raise taxes to cover this amount and conflict over how to administer Quebec leads to unrest in the Thirteen Colonies.


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

“No Taxation without representation”


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • War of 1812

  • A war between the new United States of America and Britain because of 1) Napoleonic Wars in Europe and the 2) “Indian Wars” in the western US territories.

  • 1) Napoleonic Wars…

  • America traded with both England and France during the war

  • England responded by increased harassment and search of American trading ships.

  • Eventually a stalemate in Europe freed British soldiers who were relocated to North America to put an end to the fight in 1814.

  • 2) “Indian” Wars…

  • Louisiana Purchase encouraged expansion of West of American Settlers

  • Ran into resistance from First Nations

  • Britain allegedly provided assistance to First Nations against the Americans

  • War Hawks lead the fight to declare war on Britain over this


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

War of 1812


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

War of 1812


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

  • War of 1812

  • Significance:

    • Lower Canadians resisted the American “liberators”, unlike their indifference during the American Revolution.

    • Showed how difficult and costly it was for Britain to continue to support the Canadian colonies.

    • Difference between Upper Canada (fought as British subjects for Britain) and Lower Canada (fought as Canadiens to defend their homes).


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

What qualities makes a great leader?

If you were to follow someone into battle, what are the three most important qualities from the list above?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

3. What do you know about Canada and war?

4. Who are some people regarded as Canadian war “heroes”?


Unit 2 our relationship with leadership government

PRE-CONFEDERATION: formal conflicts

Leadership in War

Tecumseh- Collect the information sheet and questions on Chief Tecumseh and complete the activities.

Laura Secord- Collect the information sheet and questions on Laura Secord and complete the activities.

Winner or Loser?- Collect the questions and visit this website http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/themes.aspx?id=warof1812&sub=warof1812_basics_outcomes&lang=En and complete the activities.


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