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Effect of cumulus cells and vitrification protocol on survival and subsequent development

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Effect of cumulus cells and vitrification protocol on survival and subsequent development. Golestan jahromi PhD student. Introduction . Several lines of evidence indicate that surrounding cumulus cells play a fundamental role in the maturation process and full development competence .

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Effect of cumulus cells and vitrification protocol

on survival and subsequent development

Golestanjahromi

PhD student

introduction
Introduction

Several lines of evidence indicate that surrounding cumulus cells play a fundamental role in the maturation process and full development competence

introduction1
Introduction

cumulus cells are beneficial to oocyte survival after cryopreservation

may minimize the release of cortical granules prevent premature zona hardening

maintaining fertilization capacity of cryopreserved oocytes

introduction2
Introduction

Chian et al. reported that bovine oocytes matured without cumulus cells had a higher survival rate after vitrification.

Moreover, the rate of embryo development to the 8-cell stage in cumulus-cells free oocytes was significantly higher than that of cumulus cell-intact oocytes.

introduction3
Introduction

Ice growth and recrystallization are considered to be important factors in determining vitrification outcomes.

Synthetic ice blockers, which specifically inhibit the formation/emergence of ice nuclei and ice crystal growth, have recently been used to supplement vitrification solutions

introduction4
Introduction

Unlike conventional cryoprotectants that inhibit freezing by interacting with water, ice blockers are believed to bind to the surface of growing ice crystals and inhibit the addition of any further water molecules in specific planes of growth

This selective attraction to surfaces of ice growth permits ice blockers to exert significant effects even while present at very low concentrations.

introduction5
Introduction

Small quantities of ice blocker can therefore modify the number and size of ice crystals and thereby change the vitrification tendency of a solution without adding additional toxicity

introduction6
Introduction

The commercially available ice blockers are SuperCool X-1000 and SuperCool Z-1000.

slide10

To evaluate the effect of the presence of cumulus cells on the outcome of vitrification of GV or MII oocytes

The effect of adding ice blockers SuperCool X-1000 and SuperCool Z-1000 to vitrification media on oocyte survival and subsequent embryonic development

slide13

According to the manufacturer, the cooling and warming rates of the Cryotop are 23,000 and 42,000 °C/min, respectively

slide15

Day 2

after insemination

Day 8 after

insemination

Cleavage rates

proportion of oocytes

developing to the blastocyst stage

experiment 2 effect of ice blocker x 1000 and z 1000
Experiment 2: Effect of ice blocker X-1000 and Z-1000

VS +1% (v/v)

Z-1000

VS +1% (v/v) X-1000

VS +1% (v/v)

Z-1000 and 1% (v/v) X-1000

statistical analysis
Statistical analysis

The data for survival, cleavage and blastocyst rates were expressed as mean ± SD and analyzed using one-way ANOVA.

Differences were considered significant at a level of P < 0.05.

development of bovine gv stage cumulus enclosed oocytes vitrified with different ice blocker media
development of bovine GV stage cumulus-enclosed oocytes vitrified with different ice blocker media
slide23

Cumulus-enclosed oocytes vitrified at the GV stage exhibited a significantly higher cleavage rate and blastocyst rate than those vitrified at MII stage (P < 0.05).

slide24
Why?

Discussion

discussion
Discussion

The role of the cumulus cells during vitrification of MII oocytes remains controversial.

Some investigators reported that cumulus presence would protect MII oocytes against vitrification-induced damage.

discussion1
Discussion

Zhang et al. found no difference in the development of vitrified ovine MII oocytes with or without cumulus cells.

Gasparrini et al. reported that the presence of cumulus cells severely reduced the cleavage rate of MII buffalo oocytes following vitrification

discussion2
Discussion

It is generally accepted that cumulus-oocyte communication via an intact corona radiata is necessary for oocytes to attain full cytoplasmic maturation during IVM and improve fertilization rates during IVF

discussion3
Discussion

we established that the cleavage rate of denuded (GV and MII) bovine oocytes was significantly reduced compared to cumulus-enclosed oocytes, and almost no denuded bovine oocytes developed up to blastocyst stage after in vitro fertilization.

in this study
In this study:

The survival, cleavage and blastocyst rate of cumulus-enclosed vitrified oocytes are significantly higher than that of partially-denuded vitrified oocytes.

discussion4
Discussion

In the present study:

No significant differences were detected between vitrified cumulus-enclosed and partially-denuded oocytes in the survival, cleavage and blastocyst rate.

discussion5
Discussion

The possible explanation is the cumulus was detrimental to vitrification, which comprises the benefits of cumulus in IVF procedure.

From another point of view, the intracytoplasmic sperm injection technique rather than conventional IVF has been used to achieve fertilization, which can circumvent the detrimental effects of removing the cumulus on subsequent zona penetrability.

discussion6
Discussion

The cell cycle stage during meiosis appears to affect the results of bovine oocyte vitrification due to varying sensitivity to cooling procedures.

Chilling injury is reported to be higher in vitrified immature oocytes, owing to low membrane stability and susceptibility of the cytoskeleton

discussion7
Discussion

However, an increase in chromosomal abnormality has been observed in vitrifiedmature oocytes, owing to alterations in the meiotic spindle.

discussion8
Discussion

The results indicate that cumulus-enclosed oocytes vitrified at the GV stage exhibited a significantly higher cleavage and blastocyst rate than those vitrified at MII.

discussion9
Discussion

This may be due to the increase in volume associated with cumulus expansion during maturation.

It may also be due to the higher water permeability (Lp) and solute permeability (Ps) of MII than GV bovine oocytes.

That means the changes of cell volume and intracellular CPA concentrations are more severe in MII than GV bovine oocytes during CPA addition and dilution process, which make it more sensitive.

discussion10
Discussion

In the present study, we report for the first time the effect of ice blockers on the bovine oocytes, however, the results indicate that the survival rate and development competence of bovine oocytes vitrified in solutions supplemented with or without X-1000 and/or Z-1000 by Cryotop method are not significantly different.

discussion11
Discussion

Ice blockers did not affect the survival rate and developmental competence of vitrified bovine oocytes.

discussion12
Discussion

When the vitrification systems are large volume, such as organs, in which a large quantity of nucleators exit, ice blockers can suppress nucleation and recrystallization by binding to nucleators in solutions during vitrification and warming. Therefore, the ice growth was inhibited and damage to the systems was reduced.

discussion13
Discussion

In this study, the combination of the two ice blocker agents inhibit blastocyst development maybe because 1% X-1000 and 1% Z-1000 is not the ideal balance, which shows less effective than either agent alone.

slide41

cumulus-enclosed GV bovine oocytes survived vitrification and subsequently developed at higher rates than MII oocytes .

Ice blockers had no effect on bovine oocytevitrification.

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