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Welcome to English Composition. Today’s Class. Reading review Lecture: citations and bibliography Essay outline class workshop Essay outline group workshop Reading preview Homework. Reading Review. Chapter 5: An Approach to Style Do not affect a breezy manner. Use orthodox spelling.

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today s class
Today’s Class
  • Reading review
  • Lecture: citations and bibliography
  • Essay outline class workshop
  • Essay outline group workshop
  • Reading preview
  • Homework
reading review
Reading Review

Chapter 5: An Approach to Style

  • Do not affect a breezy manner.
  • Use orthodox spelling.
  • Do not explain too much.
  • Do not construct awkward adverbs.
  • Make sure the reader knows who is speaking.
reading review1
Reading Review

Chapter 5: An Approach to Style

  • Avoid fancy words.
  • Do not use dialect unless your ear is good.
  • Be clear.
  • Do not inject opinion.
  • Use figures of speech sparingly.
reading review2
Reading Review

Chapter 5: An Approach to Style

  • Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity.
  • Avoid foreign languages.
  • Prefer the standard to the offbeat.
citations and bibliography
Citations and Bibliography

You cite articles so that others can find the sources of your information in the bibliography, and then find the book and page from which the information was taken. This enables others to do their research efficiently, and also to check the quality of your work.

If you don’t cite your sources, people may think that you’re making up information or taking it from poor sources.

They also may think that you’ve stolen your information. This is called plagiarism.

citations and bibliography1
Citations and Bibliography

Plagiarism (n.): The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one\'s own original work.

Source: Dictionary.com

citations and bibliography2
Citations and Bibliography

Plagiarism is stealing.

Plagiarism is illegal.

citations and bibliography3
Citations and Bibliography

Citation (n.): A quoting of an authoritative source for substantiation.

Source: Dictionary.com

citations and bibliography4
Citations and Bibliography

Citations are used to tell people the page number of the information you used, and the name of the author.

Citations usually look something like this:

Direct Quote“The size of an elephant is in direct proportion to how bad it smells.” (Morris, 25)

ParaphraseThe larger an elephant is, the worse it smells (Morris, 25).

citations and bibliography5
Citations and Bibliography

Bibliography (n.): A list of writings used or considered by an author in preparing a particular work.

Source: Dictionary.com

citations and bibliography6
Citations and Bibliography

A bibliography gives all of the information necessary for a person to find the source (book, journal, website, etc.) of your information.

By using both the citation and bibliography anybody should be able to easily find the information you used.

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Citations and Bibliography

There are several styles of citations and bibliographies for different disciplines. If you need to use a particular style, your professor or publisher should tell you what style to use.

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Citations and Bibliography

There are several different citation styles:

APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.

MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.

AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.

Turabian: designed for college students to use with all subjects.

Chicago: used with all subjects in the "real world" by books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications.

Source: Long Island University Websitehttp://www.liu.edu/CWIS/CWP/library/workshop/citation.htm

citations and bibliography9
Citations and Bibliography

Let’s look at some samples.

class workshop
Class Workshop

Now look at some sample essay outlines

Things to look for:

  • Is the structure appropriate?
  • Is it organized logically?
  • Does it include all necessary information?
  • Do you have any ideas how to improve the essay?
group workshop
Group Workshop

Now lets workshop each other\'s essay outlines

Things to look for:

  • Is the structure appropriate?
  • Is it organized logically?
  • Does it include all necessary information?
  • Do you have any ideas how to improve the essay?
reading preview
Reading Preview

Princeton University Website: When to Cite Sources

Quotation

Paraphrase

Summary

Facts, Information, and Data

homework
Homework

Reading for Wednesday, December 15th.

  • Princeton University Website
    • When to Cite Sources:http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/cite/
    • Examples of Plagiarism: http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/plagiarism/

Reading for Thursday, December 16th.

  • None
homework1
Homework

Homework for Wednesday, December 15th.

  • Essay first draft + Bibliography
homework e workshop
Homework E-Workshop
  • Step 1: Format your essay properly (see notes about essay formatting)
  • Step 2: Email your essay to all members of your group.
  • Step 3: Edit the group members’ essays using the Microsoft Word editing function.
  • Step 4: Email the essays back to the group members who wrote them, and the teacher, before 12 noon on Monday, November 30th
assignment formatting
Assignment Formatting
  • Filetype (please do not paste into the email):
    • .doc or .docx format
  • Font: Times New Roman 12 pt
  • File name
    • should look like: yourname_essay_title.doc
  • First three lines of the essay should be:
    • Title
    • Name
    • Word Count
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