Africa and the atlantic slave trade
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Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade. Why was slavery widespread in Africa prior to 1440?. African concept of land ownership – no private property Kings create loyal following Spoils of war Social status. Characteristics of African Slavery. Slaves inherited Served variety of functions

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Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade

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Africa and the atlantic slave trade

Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade


Why was slavery widespread in africa prior to 1440

Why was slavery widespread in Africa prior to 1440?

  • African concept of land ownership – no private property

  • Kings create loyal following

  • Spoils of war

  • Social status


Characteristics of african slavery

Characteristics of African Slavery

  • Slaves inherited

  • Served variety of functions

  • Better treatment than Europe


What do europeans find

What do Europeans find?

  • Slavery in all parts of Africa

  • Large numbers of slaves

  • Well developed slave trade markets/routes

  • Owners were usually merchants


What do europeans find1

What do Europeans find?

  • African legal system conducive

  • **Political fragmentation


Major stages in atlantic slave trade

Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Stage 1: 1441-1500 – Portuguese engage in slave trade

  • Sailed around tip of Africa

  • Domestic servitude

  • Africans held advantage in trade

  • 1000/YEAR


Major stages in atlantic slave trade1

Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Stage 2: 1500 – 1650 Expansion

    1. Labor intensive agriculture in New World –

Sugar cane


Major stages in atlantic slave trade stage 2

Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade: Stage 2

2. Native Americans were ineffective

  • Not enough

  • Lack of Agricultural skills

  • Africans were more secure labor source

  • Role of Catholic Priests


Africa and the atlantic slave trade

Results:

  • By 1650 37% of slaves went to Brazil and Americas

  • Slaves originally arrive as indentured servants

  • 2000/year between 1500-1650

  • Dutch, French, English involved


Africa and the atlantic slave trade

Stage 3: 1650 – 1800 (peak)

Reasons for increase:

  • Growth of plantation economy

  • Price of slaves increases

  • Civil wars in Africa


Civil wars in africa

Civil wars in Africa

  • Guns

  • Commercial mindset of Africans

  • Rulers could not control trade


Africa and the atlantic slave trade

  • By 1750 – 5% went to N.Amer. rest went to Americas

  • Every European nation involved

  • No laws prohibiting trade

  • Triangle trade institutionalized

  • 1400 – 1800 – 12 million slaves


Africa and the atlantic slave trade

  • Stage 4: 1800’s (decline)

  • Age of Enlightenment & Revolutions

  • Humanitarian efforts and abolition

  • Great Britain

  • Industrial Age


Africa and the atlantic slave trade

Triangle Trade

Finished

Sugar and Mol.

Goods

Rum and Guns

Rice

Slaves


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