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Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade. Why was slavery widespread in Africa prior to 1440?. African concept of land ownership – no private property Kings create loyal following Spoils of war Social status. Characteristics of African Slavery. Slaves inherited Served variety of functions

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why was slavery widespread in africa prior to 1440
Why was slavery widespread in Africa prior to 1440?
  • African concept of land ownership – no private property
  • Kings create loyal following
  • Spoils of war
  • Social status
characteristics of african slavery
Characteristics of African Slavery
  • Slaves inherited
  • Served variety of functions
  • Better treatment than Europe
what do europeans find
What do Europeans find?
  • Slavery in all parts of Africa
  • Large numbers of slaves
  • Well developed slave trade markets/routes
  • Owners were usually merchants
what do europeans find1
What do Europeans find?
  • African legal system conducive
  • **Political fragmentation
major stages in atlantic slave trade
Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Stage 1: 1441-1500 – Portuguese engage in slave trade
  • Sailed around tip of Africa
  • Domestic servitude
  • Africans held advantage in trade
  • 1000/YEAR
major stages in atlantic slave trade1
Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Stage 2: 1500 – 1650 Expansion

1. Labor intensive agriculture in New World –

Sugar cane

major stages in atlantic slave trade stage 2
Major Stages in Atlantic Slave Trade: Stage 2

2. Native Americans were ineffective

  • Not enough
  • Lack of Agricultural skills
  • Africans were more secure labor source
  • Role of Catholic Priests
slide9
Results:
  • By 1650 37% of slaves went to Brazil and Americas
  • Slaves originally arrive as indentured servants
  • 2000/year between 1500-1650
  • Dutch, French, English involved
slide10
Stage 3: 1650 – 1800 (peak)

Reasons for increase:

  • Growth of plantation economy
  • Price of slaves increases
  • Civil wars in Africa
civil wars in africa
Civil wars in Africa
  • Guns
  • Commercial mindset of Africans
  • Rulers could not control trade
slide12
By 1750 – 5% went to N.Amer. rest went to Americas
  • Every European nation involved
  • No laws prohibiting trade
  • Triangle trade institutionalized
  • 1400 – 1800 – 12 million slaves
slide13
Stage 4: 1800’s (decline)
  • Age of Enlightenment & Revolutions
  • Humanitarian efforts and abolition
  • Great Britain
  • Industrial Age
slide14

Triangle Trade

Finished

Sugar and Mol.

Goods

Rum and Guns

Rice

Slaves

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