Knowledge Translation Curriculum
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Knowledge Translation Curriculum. Module 1: An Introduction to KT. Lesson 1 - Knowledge Translation: The Basics. Knowledge Translation at the overlap of Research and Policy Processes. Research. Policy. KT. KT: a social process. part philosophy: how do we know what we know?

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Knowledge Translation Curriculum

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Knowledge translation curriculum

Knowledge Translation Curriculum

Module 1: An Introduction to KT

Lesson 1 - Knowledge Translation: The Basics


Knowledge translation curriculum

Knowledge Translation at the overlap of

Research and Policy Processes

Research

Policy

KT


Knowledge translation curriculum

KT: a social process

  • part philosophy:how do we know what we know?

  • part anthropology: why did the worlds of science and policy evolve so separately?

  • part sociology: how do we make the collective decisions we make?

  • part social science: what are the major issues we require more knowledge on?

  • part political science: what mechanisms can better unite science and policy?

  • part luck and part chance


Knowledge translation curriculum

The traditional

knowledge production process

Proposal

Development

Publication

Problem

Identification

Funding

Research

Project


Knowledge translation curriculum

The KT-infused

knowledge production process

open access

multiple funders,

including public sector

collaborative

multi-disciplinary;

peer-review; grey lit

Research

Project

Funding

Publication

involving end

users;

collaboration

Proposal

Development

Database

Change

easily

accessed

Priority

Setting

Policy

Development

Synthesis

findings incorporated

into bigger picture:

systematic reviews,

policy briefs

involving multiple

stakeholders

evidence weighed

alongside other influential

factors; policy response

to identified priorities formulated,

implemented, evaluated

possible starting point


Knowledge translation curriculum

The typical policy process

Policy

Formulation

Policy

Adoption

Problem

Identification

Policy

Implementation

Policy

Evaluation


Knowledge translation curriculum

The KT-infused policy process

synthesize how research evidence, best practice, experience, expert opinion etc. can potentially inform policy development

priority-setting exercise

with multiple stakeholders

with multiple stakeholders

Problem

Identification,

Clarification

Identification of

Policy Options

Dialogue

Policy

Evaluation

Policy

Formulation

Social Change

identifies

new

priorities

Dialogue

Policy

Implementation

Policy

Adoption

reviewing

systemic

implications;

weighing all inputs

with research component

to assess, tweak policy


Knowledge translation curriculum

The Four Spheres of KT

Knowledge Management

research made available

and accessible

Knowledge Synthesis

Knowledge Production

Change

tailor, combine, broker & disseminate

set priorities;

conduct research

Knowledge Utilization

adopt, adapt, apply & demand


Knowledge translation curriculum

KT Definitions

  • “the exchange, synthesis and ethically-sound application of knowledge - within a complex system of interactions among researchers and users - to accelerate the capture of the benefits of research for Canadians through improved health, more effective services and products, and a strengthened health care system.” (CIHR 2006; 2009).

  • “KT is an ongoing interactive human process of critically considering relevant, quality research results and findings, whether factual or tacit knowledge or humanistic understanding, blending this broader researcher-based knowledge with experiential knowledge and contextual appreciation, and constructing a shared understanding and knowledge application to advance the quality of health care” (McWilliam 2007).


Knowledge translation curriculum

KT Definitions

  • engaged scholarship: collaborative research teams of researchers and practitioners “have the potential to ground and understand complex problems in ways that are more penetrating and insightful than they would be were either scholars or practitioners to study them alone” (Van de Ven and Johnson 2006):

    • knowledge is a matter of perspective

    • a richly complex “context dictates the realm of the possible” (Contandriopolos et al 2010).

  • KT is “a context-shaped process creating cycles of evidence-informed policy and policy-informed evidence designed to generate social change”.


  • Knowledge translation curriculum

    KT Frameworks

    (Ward et al 2010)

    Problem

    Knowledge

    Context

    Interventions

    Solution


    Knowledge translation curriculum

    KT Frameworks

    (Graham et al 2006)

    Monitor

    Knowledge

    Use

    Select, tailor,

    implement

    interventions

    Evaluate

    Outcomes

    KNOWLEDGE CREATION

    Knowledge

    inquiry

    Knowledge

    synthesis

    Assess barriers

    to knowledge

    Use

    Tailoring Knowledge

    Knowledge

    tools/

    products

    Sustain

    Knowledge

    Use

    Adapt

    knowledge

    to local context

    Identify problem

    Identify, review,

    select knowledge

    ACTION CYCLE

    (application)


    Knowledge translation curriculum

    KT Frameworks

    (Lavis et al 2006)

    Policy-makers

    Policy-makers

    Researchers

    Researchers

    Push efforts

    User Pull efforts

    Researchers

    Policy-makers

    Researchers

    Policy-makers

    KT Platform

    Integrated efforts

    Exchange efforts


    Knowledge translation curriculum

    Major KT Approaches

    • end-of-grant KT:researcher designs and implements a strategy to disseminate research findings to key research users. Done on completion of research. E.g. peer-reviewed paper, conference presentation, press release.

    • integrated KT: knowledge users involved in the design, implementation and findings of research projects. Encourages co-production processes of both research and policy. E.g. KTPs, Rapid Responses, multi-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder research projects.

    • KT science:what works in KT, for whom, and under what circumstances?


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