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China. Chinese Civilization begins. As early as 7000 BC people have lived in China. So what did the Early people of China do? Focused on Agriculture Millet Wheat Rice Lots of Fishing Eventually took up pottery. Early times in China.

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China


Chinese Civilization begins

  • As early as 7000 BC people have lived in China.

  • So what did the Early people of China do?

    • Focused on Agriculture

      • Millet

      • Wheat

      • Rice

    • Lots of Fishing

    • Eventually took up pottery


Early times in China

  • As time passed, Dynasties, or families of strong rulers began to take power in China.

  • The First Dynasty of

    China was the

    Shang Dynasty.


Shang Dynasty

  • The Shang Dynasty was formed around 1500 BC


Shang Dynasty

  • The Shang Dynasty was located and ruled in a large area of Central China.

  • Shang emperors ruled

    in China until the

    1100s BC


Shang Dynasty

  • The Shang had several creations including:

    • Writing System

    • Bronze work

    • Axes, knives, and ornaments

    • War Chariots

    • Bow and arrows

    • Armor

    • Calendars

  • Some of these are still used today by modern day Chinese cultures.


Other Dynasties

  • The Shang dynasty was only the first of many according to Chinese records.

  • After the Shang lost power, other dynasties rose up to take control of China.

  • Two other Dynasties were the:

    1.) Zhou (JOH)

    2.) Qin (Chin)


Zhou Dynasty

  • In the 1100s, the Shang rulers were overthrown in a rebellion.

  • Rebels from the western part of China took over.

  • This is the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty.


Zhou Dynasty

  • The Zhou Dynasty lasted longer than any other in Chinese history.

  • Zhou rulers held power in China until 771 BC. Do the math:

    1100 – 771 = How many Years?


Zhou

  • The Zhou claimed that they had been chosen by heaven to rule China.

  • Zhou believed that no one could rule without permission from heaven. They called this the MANDATE OF HEAVEN


Mandate of Heaven Cycle


Zhou politics

  • Zhou government was established as a dictatorship.

  • An Emperor was in charge of the Zhou dynasty with a hierarchy society :

    • Emperor

    • Lords

    • Peasants/farmers

  • The dictatorship would later break down due to the lack of loyalty towards the emperors.


  • Warring States Period

    • Invaders attacked the capital of the Zhou dynasty in 771. The people were not willing to fight for their emperor so the empire fell.

    • China broke apart into many kingdoms that fought with each other, this period became known as the Warring States Period.


    Qin Dynasty

    • The Warring states period came to an end when one state became strong enough to defeat all its rivals.

    • This group was called the Qin. This is the Dynasty that you probably know the most about and didn’t even know you knew it.

    QIN DYNASTY


    Qin Dynasty

    • In 221 BC, a king from Qin managed to unify all of China under his control and named the land after himself.

    • As Emperor he called himself Shi

      Huangdi (SHEE hwahng-dee) a name

      that means “first emperor.”


    Qin

    • Huangdi was a very strict ruler, but he was an effective one as well.

    • He expanded the size

      of China both to the

      north and to the south.

    • He refused to share power with anyone, such as the lords during the Zhou period.


    Map it out


    Compare Qin to Zhou to Shang


    Qin

    • Huangdi ordered thousands of people to move to the capital he called Xi’an (Shee-AHN)

    • His thinking was to keep his nobles close so they wouldn’t turn on him like previous rulers.

    • After he died the empire gradually died with him.


    Qin Dynasty Accomplishments

    • Although the Qin did not last for long, they saw great advances in China.

    • Shi Huangdi was responsible for :

      • Creating a system of laws for all people

      • Created money for all of China

      • Created a writing system for all of China

      • Created a HUGE network of roads and canals

      • Built the GREAT WALL OF CHINA


    The Great Wall of China facts

    • Lets go to a webpage and read about the GREAT WALL !

    • http://www.greatwall-of-china.com/


    The Han Dynasty

    • When the Qin Dynasty collapsed, many groups fought for power.

    • After years of fighting, an army led by Liu Bang (lee-oo bang) won control.

    • Liu Bang was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty.


    Compare the Dynasty


    Who was Liu Bang

    • Liu Bang was a peasant.

    • He was able to become emperor in large part because of the Chinese belief in the Mandate of Heaven.

    • He was the first common person to become emperor.

    • He was well liked by soldiers and common people.


    Bang

    • Liu Bang’s rule was different from the strict government of Qin.

    • Liu Bang wanted to free people from harsh government policies.

    • He lowered taxes from farmers and made punishments less severe.


    After Bang was Wudi

    • In 140 BC Emperor Wudi (Woo-Dee) took the throne.

    • He wanted to create a stronger government so he basically erased everything Bang had put into action.

    • Wudi did things like:

      • Raise taxes

      • Took the land away from the Lords

      • Put a large supply of grain in control of the government

      • Installed a religion that also formed political views called Confucianism.


    What is Confucianism?

    • Confucianism is a philosophy based on the teachings of a man named Confucius.

    • Confucianism focuses on the importance of ethics and moral values, such as respect for elders and loyalty toward family.

    • Under the Han, everyone was expected to practice Confucianism.


    The Han Dynasty

    • Let’s read in our Blue Textbook about the way the Han Dynasty was different from previous dynasties.

    • Page 511-515


    The Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

    • When the Han Dynasty collapsed, China split into several rival kingdoms, each ruled by military leaders.

    • Many call this period the “Period of Disunion.”


    The Sui

    • Finally after years of confusion and fighting a man reunified China.

    • The man who ended the Period of Disunion was a northern ruler named Yang Jian.

    • In 589 Yang Jian conquered the south, unified China and created the Sui Dynasty


    The Sui

    • The Sui Dynasty did not last long, only 29 years.

    • During that time, however, its leaders restored order and began the Grand Canal.

      • Grand Canal- a canal linking northern and southern china.


    Tang Dynasty

    • The Sui Dynasty was followed by the Tang, which would rule for nearly 300 years.

    • The Tang Dynasty

      grew to include

      much of Eastern

      and Central Asia.


    The Tang Dynasty

    • Historians view the Tang Dynasty as a golden age.

    • Tang rulers conquered many lands, reformed the military, and created law codes.

    • The Tang period also saw great advances in art.


    The Tang Dynasty

    • The Tang Dynasty also included the only woman to rule China.

    • Empress Wu

      • Her methods were vicious, similar

        to the Qin Dynasty.


    The Song Dynasty

    • After the Tang fell came the Song.

    • China entered another brief period of chaos and disorder with separate kingdoms competing for power.

    • As a result, this period is called the “Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms”

      • It lasted for 53 years. (907-960)


    The Song

    • In 960, China was again reunified, this time by the Song Dynasty.

    • Like the Tang, the Song ruled for about 300 years, until 1279.

    • Also like the Tang, the Song dynasty was a time of great achievement for China.


    Let’s READ

    • Take a look in your Textbook on page 519 for a map of the dynasties.

    • Let’s get with a partner

      and compare a few

      important “items”

      of the times.

    • Page 520-523


    Link to jeopardy

    • http://www.superteachertools.com/jeopardy/usergames/May201319/game1368008677.php


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