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CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS IN DECENTRALISED DEVELOPMENT PLANNING – THE NORPREP EXPERIENCE. INTRODUCTION: The structure of Local Government System in Ghana. OBJECTIVE

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Challenges and prospects in decentralised development planning the norprep experience l.jpg

CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS IN DECENTRALISED DEVELOPMENT PLANNING – THE NORPREP EXPERIENCE


Introduction the structure of local government system in ghana l.jpg
INTRODUCTION: The structure of Local Government System in Ghana

  • OBJECTIVE

  • share with participants the experiences of the Northern Region Poverty Reduction Programme (NORPREP) in supporting decentralised developing planning process in the context of the local government system in Ghana.


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  • The Planning law of Ghana places the mandate on Ghana

  • the districts Assemblies

  • with overall co-ordination placed at Regional Co-ordinating Council.

  • The region represents the highest level of governance after the national level.

  • There are 10 of such regions in Ghana. Below the region is the District Assembly and below the district is the Area council


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GHANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE Ghana

REGIONAL CO-ORDINATING COUNCIL

DISTRICT

ASSEMBLY

MUNICIPAL

ASSEMBLY

METROPOLITAN

ASSEMBLY

URBAN/TOWN/AREA

COUNCIL

ZONAL COUNCIL

SUB METRO

TOWN

COUNCIL

UNIT

COMMITTEES


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District Assemblies Ghana

  • the District Assembly (DA) became the key institution in 110(now 138) designated districts within Ghana’s ten regions. Districts are relatively small units, with a minimum population of 75,000.

  • The District Assemblies have deliberative, legislative and executive functions.


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Sub District Structures Ghana

  • To further take governance to the grassroots there is a two tier of sub-district structures.

  • This is intended to give communities more say in local governance. Firstly, there are over 1300 Urban, Zonal and Town/Area Councils throughout Ghana.

  • Secondly, there are supposed to be about 16,000 Unit Committees (UCs) throughout Ghana, covering settlements of between 500-1000 people in rural areas and approximately 1500 in urban areas.

  • In theory, the sub-district structures, especially the Unit Committees, provide structured mechanisms of representation, participation and accountability from village-level upwards.


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NORPREP STRATEGY Ghana

  • the incidence of poverty is about 40% as the national average. Northern Ghana is worst affected, Upper East-88%, Upper West- 84% and Northern Region – 69%.


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NORPREP GOAL & OBJECTIVES Ghana

  • improve the livelihoods and living conditions of poor rural communities with emphasis on women and other vulnerable groups through deepening and broadening rural services and community and individual self-help capacity

  • It aims to build the capacity of decentralised local government, civil society and community organisations to better respond to the needs of the poorest strata of the population


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  • It is also intended to improve access to resources and services by the large rural population, especially women and introduce operational changes and reforms needed to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the institutions and community service providers in the Northern Region

  • NORPREP will focus extra resources on poorer area councils and communities and most vulnerable people within communities.


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TARGETING STRATEGY services by the large rural population, especially women and introduce operational changes and reforms needed to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the institutions and community service providers in the Northern Region

  • Area targeting

  • Focus extra resources on poorer area councils

  • Ranking of area councils and communities according to degree of poverty and disadvantage based on agreed criteria

  • Targeting of vulnerable groups

  • Intra-community targeting process to identify and target vulnerable categories within communities


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COMPONENTS services by the large rural population, especially women and introduce operational changes and reforms needed to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the institutions and community service providers in the Northern Region

  • Capacity Building

    • Capacity building will at National, Regional, district and community level

  • Community Development component.

    • Provision of financial support to proposals emanating from communities and groups synthesised at the Unit committees and Area councils into action plans and endorsed by DAs


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DECENTRALISED PLANNING PROCESS services by the large rural population, especially women and introduce operational changes and reforms needed to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the institutions and community service providers in the Northern Region

  • The AWPB process follows the planning guidelines provided by National Development Planning Commission.

  • The process emphasises a participatory demand-driven approach with forward and backward consultations during the various stages of synthesis and consolidation.


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APPENDIX 5: Community Driven Participatory Development Planning Process

Community

driven

services

provided

by

Field

Staff

of

Decentralized

Departments

Communities

Animating/Empowering/Mobilizing

communities & enabling them to

prepare high quality

Action Plans

Community

driven

services

provided

by

NGO, CBO,

PO or

other

Private

Sector

Organization

or

Individual

Community

Action

Plan

Community

Action

Plan

  • NORPREP Community Driven Participatory Dev. Planning Process

Community

Action

Plan

Community

Action

Plan

Harmonization

Area Council

Action Plan (Rolling)

Decentralized

Department

Heads

Harmonization

Appropriate DA

Sub-Committee(s)

District Assembly

Regional

Coordinating

Council

DA Executive

Committee


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CHALLENGES Planning Process

  • non functioning of the Area councils

  • The technical staff of the decentralised departments at the districts who are to constitute the capacity building teams and give technical support for implementation are not adequate.

  • The whole decentralisation concept appears to have been compromised by the establishment of autonomous services like the Ghana Health Service and the Ghana Education Service.


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ATTEMPTS AT ADDRESSING THE ISSUES and harmonisation at the Area council and later at the district assembly for implementation tend to reduce the priorities of the vulnerable groups to the background

  • . Partner collaboration fora have been institutionalised at the regional level.

  • collaboration in decentralised planning. In four UNICEF-supported districts, where Community Action Plans were drawn NORPREP validated and supported their implementation

  • preparation of the Medium term Development plans,

  • Harmonising Capacity Building activities of development partners

  • Issues of geographical coverage in terms of districts Area council and communities are also considered to ensure complimentarity.


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CRITICAL ISSUES departments and retired civil servants at the Area Council level.

  • Can community infrastructure and capacity building alone address issues of poverty reduction without credit?

    • Programme seeks to promote linking venerable groups to financial institutions-

    • Inadequate number of rural financial institutions

    • Financial institutions interest does not coincide with those of the groups


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