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California gold rush. 1849. JOHN SUTTER’S MILL. Mexican Land Grant 50,000 acres in California Dream – estate in the wilderness 18,000 head of horse, cattle, pigs, etc. January 1848. *JAMES MARSHAL FOUND LOTS OF GOLD IN A DITCH *DISCOVERY OF THE GOLD SOON LEEKED OUT. Gold RUSH.

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John sutter s mill
JOHN SUTTER’S MILL

  • Mexican Land Grant

  • 50,000 acres in California

  • Dream – estate in the wilderness

  • 18,000 head of horse, cattle, pigs, etc.


January 1848
January 1848

*JAMES MARSHAL FOUND LOTS OF GOLD IN A DITCH

*DISCOVERY OF THE GOLD SOON LEEKED OUT


Gold rush
Gold RUSH

  • MORE THAN 80,OOO PEOPLE CAME TO CLIFORNIA FOR GOLD IN 1849

  • THEY WERE CALLED FORTY-NINERS

  • MANY CAME BY SEA

  • 300 MEN ARRIVED FROM CHINA


Californios
CALIFORNIOS

  • TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO ENDED THE WAR WITH MEXICO

  • THE LAND LAW OF 1851 MADE UP A GROUP OF PEOPLE TO REVIEW THE CALIFORNIOS LAND RIGHTS


Life in california
LIFE IN CALIFORNIA

  • BUILT NEW COMMUNITIES CALLED BOOMTOWNS

  • SAN FRANSICO GREW FROM A TINY VILLAGE TO CITY OF ABOUT 20,000 PEOPLE

  • CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH MORE THAN DOUBLED THE WORLDS SUPPLY OF GOLD


Gold rush society
GOLD RUSH SOCIETY

  • MINING TOWNS HAD NO POLICE OR PRISON,SO LAW BREAKERS POSED A REAL THREAT TO BUISNESS OWNERS AND MINERS

  • CITIZENS FORMED VIGILANCE COMMITTEE TO PROTECT THEMSELVES

  • THE VIGILANCE TOOK THA LAW INTO THEIR OWN HANDS,ACTING AS POLICE,JUDGE,JURY,AND SOMETIMES EXECUTIONER


Getting rich
GETTING RICH

  • HOPES OF GETTING RICH DREW THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE TO CALIFORNIA

  • THOSE HEW ARRIVED IN 1849 WERE CALLED FORTY-NINERS


Califorinas gold rush
CALIFORINAS GOLD RUSH

  • DOCTORS THEIR PILLS,THE PRIESTS THEIR PRAYER BOOKS,AND ALL ARE NOW DIGGING GOLD

  • BY THE END OF 1848,THEY HAVE TAKEN $6 MILLION IN GOLD FROM THE AMERICAN RIVER

  • AMERICANS MADE UP ABOUT 80% PERCENT OF THE FORY-NINERS


Economic and political progress
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL PROGRESS

  • GOLD RUSH ENDED IN A FEW YEARS BUT HAD LASTING EFFECTS ON CALFORNIAS ECONOMY

  • CALIFORNIA APPLIED TO CONGRESS FOR STATE HOOD IN MARCH 1850

  • CALIFORNIAS CONSTITUTION BANNED SLAVERY


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