Presidents of the united states
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PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. GEORGE WASHINGTON. Whiskey Rebellion – farmer rebellion over Hamilton’s economic plan (tax); Washington ended quickly sending message armed resistance to gov’t not allowed Farewell Address- -no political parties and no foreign entanglements

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PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES

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Presidents of the united states

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES


George washington

GEORGE WASHINGTON

  • Whiskey Rebellion– farmer rebellion over Hamilton’s economic plan (tax); Washington ended quickly sending message armed resistance to gov’t not allowed

  • Farewell Address--no political parties and no foreign entanglements

  • Precedents– serve only two terms, Mr. President


John adams

JOHN ADAMS

  • XYZ Affair – tired to meet with France; they sent agents with demands we refused; fought an unofficial war with France after

  • Alien and Sedition Acts – took away rights of immigrants and silenced critics of government


Thomas jefferson

THOMAS JEFFERSON

  • Democratic-Republican Party

  • Agrarian empire – farmers!

  • Louisiana Purchase – 1803bought from France for $15 million doubling size of US

  • Embargo Act – halted all trade attempting to solve issues at sea; hurt US economy and still ended up going to war with Britain


James madison

JAMES MADISON

  • War of 1812 – US vs. GB; US won

  • Star Spangled Banner – written after Battle of Fort McHenry by Francis Scott Key

  • Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson hero

  • US begins to make own manufactured goods formerly imported from Britain


James monroe

JAMES MONROE

  • Era of Good Feelings

  • Monroe Doctrine--Europe should not interfere in Latin America or the U.S.


John quincy adams

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS

  • The “corrupt bargain” ruined his presidency and he only served 1 term


Andrew jackson

ANDREW JACKSON

  • Spoils system – giving gov. jobs to supporters

  • Indian Removal Act – Cherokee sue (Worcester v. Georgia) and win but Jackson has them removed - Trail of Tears

  • Nullification Crisis over Tariff of Abominations – south threaten to secede

  • Vetoed the National Bank charter, creating an economic panic


Martin van buren

MARTIN VAN BUREN

  • Economic depression


Willliam henry harrison

WILLLIAM HENRY HARRISON

  • Won election on a log cabin campaign - “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too”

  • First president to die in office


John tyler

JOHN TYLER

  • First Vice President to take over when a President died in office

  • Encouraged the annexation of Texas


James k polk

JAMES K. POLK

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Oregon Country - 54°40´ or fight

  • Accomplished the annexation of Texas

  • The Mexican War – Polk provoked Mexico into the war to gain land in the west


Taylor fillmore pierce buchanan

TAYLOR, FILLMORE, PIERCE, BUCHANAN

  • Failed to stop the Civil War

    • Compromise of 1850, Kansas and Nebraska Act, etc


Abraham lincoln

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

  • Republican Party

  • Civil War president

  • Emancipation Proclamation – freed slaves in the south

  • Gettysburg Address – dedicated cemetery in Gettysburg

  • 10% Reconstruction Plan – forgive South and put the country back together

  • First president to be assassinated


Manifest destiny

MANIFEST DESTINY


Presidents of the united states

  • As the United States population grew, so did the need for more land.

  • More and more people moved west to find new economic opportunity.


Why did the government encourage people to move west

WHY DID THE GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO MOVE WEST?

  • More farmland

  • Increase trade

  • Spread democracy

  • “Civilize” the native population


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  • American’s of the 1800’s believed in Manifest Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.


Presidents of the united states

  • WHO IS IN THE WAY?


Western territorial acquisitions

WESTERN TERRITORIAL ACQUISITIONS

  • Louisiana Purchase

    • 1803, France, $15 million, X2 country, Lewis and Clark, Sacagawea

  • Republic of Texas annexed

  • Mexican War led to the Mexican Cession

    • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

      • California – 1849, Gold Rush, 49ers

      • Utah – Mormon Migration

  • Oregon Country divided with Britain

    • Mountain Men, Oregon Trail

  • Gadsden Purchase

  • Florida

    • Spain, Adams-Onis Treaty


  • Industrial revolution

    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


    Industrial revolution1

    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

    • Machines do the work of people.


    How did it happen in america

    HOW DID IT HAPPEN IN AMERICA?

    • IR came from England to New England--rivers, good ports, labor source

    • Free enterprise system encouraged the development of new businesses.


    How did the industrial revolution affect american life

    HOW DID THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AFFECT AMERICAN LIFE?

    • People left farms and moved to cities for factory jobs.

    • Urban areas grew.


    Inventions

    INVENTIONS

    • Cotton gin, steam engine (steamboats and railroads), interchangeable parts and the assembly line.


    Presidents of the united states

    • Industrial workers suffered from long hours, low pay, and poor working conditions.


    Reform movements

    REFORM MOVEMENTS


    Reform movements1

    REFORM MOVEMENTS

    • Many Americans in the 1800’s felt that life in the United States could be improved.


    Abolition

    ABOLITION

    • Get rid of slavery

    • Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Grimke sisters, Harriet Tubman.


    Temperance

    TEMPERANCE

    • No drinking alcohol


    Women s movement

    WOMEN’S MOVEMENT

    • Wanted equal rights with men and suffrage

    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Anthony

    • Seneca Falls Convention


    Prison treatment of the mentally ill

    PRISON/TREATMENT OF THE MENTALLY ILL

    • Dorothea Dix


    Transendentalists

    TRANSENDENTALISTS

    • Stressed the relationship between humans and nature and the importance of individual conscience.

    • Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau


    Second great awakening

    SECOND GREAT AWAKENING

    • Religious movement to improve life in America.


    Background to the civil war

    BACKGROUND TO THE CIVIL WAR

    SECTIONAL ISSUES THAT SPLIT THE COUNTRY


    Tariffs

    TARIFFS

    • Taxes on imported goods.

    • NORTH--favored the tariff because it protected American business.

    • SOUTH--against the tariff because it made manufactured goods that farmers had to buy more expensive.


    Slavery

    SLAVERY

    • NORTH--had little effect on the economy; the North had mostly factories and businesses and small farms with no need for slaves.

    • SOUTH--dependent on slave labor because of the labor-intensive crops on plantations (tobacco and cotton).


    States rights vs national power who is supreme

    STATES’ RIGHTS vs. NATIONAL POWER--WHO IS SUPREME?

    • The Nullification crisis during the Jackson administration and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (popular sovereignty) raised a debate about states’ rights.


    Presidents of the united states

    • John C.Calhoun--South

    • Daniel Webster--North

    • Henry Clay--the Great Compromiser


    Presidents of the united states

    • As the U.S. gained more land (Manifest Destiny), territories began applying for statehood.

    • Both sides wanted to maintain a balance between slave and free states.

    • Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850.


    Presidents of the united states

    • As time went on, more events caused tension between the North and South.

    • Kansas-Nebraska Act, Fugitive Slave Act, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Dred Scott decision, John Brown’s raid, Election of 1860.


    Presidents of the united states

    • The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 resulted in the secession of South Carolina.


    Presidents of the united states

    • The Civil War began in April 1861 when Confederate forces fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.


    The civil war and reconstruction

    THE CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION


    Presidents of the united states

    • UNION--the North

    • CONFEDERACY--the South


    People to know

    PEOPLE TO KNOW

    • Abraham Lincoln--president of the Union

    • Jefferson Davis--president of the Confederacy

    • U.S. Grant--commander of Union forces

    • Robert E. Lee--commander of Confederate forces


    Civil war timeline

    CIVIL WAR TIMELINE

    • Firing on Ft. Sumter--war began

    • First Battle of Bull Run--first major battle of the war

    • Battle of Vicksburg--Union took control of the Mississippi River

    • Emancipation Proclamation--Lincoln ordered all slaves in the Confederate states were free


    Timeline cont

    TIMELINE, cont.

    • Battle of Gettysburg--stopped the Confederate invasion of the North

    • Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse, ending the Civil War

    • Assassination of Lincoln--by John Wilkes Booth five days after the surrender.


    Reconstruction

    RECONSTRUCTION

    • The period of time in U.S. history after the Civil War when the United States and the South were rebuilt.


    Reconstruction amendments to the constitution

    RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION

    • 13th--abolished slavery

    • 14th--gave citizenship to freed slaves

    • 15th--guaranteed the right to vote to all black men


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