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Unit 1 Retake Quiz. Thursday Sept. 22 nd. Review Today. Tues. Sept. 20 th. Re-understanding the unit information. Unit 1 Review. Wed. Sept. 21 st. Re-understanding the unit information. Unit 1 Review. Tues. Sept. 20 th. Systems of Government Directions :

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slide1

Unit 1

Retake Quiz

Thursday Sept. 22nd

Review Today

tues sept 20 th
Tues. Sept. 20th

Re-understanding the unit information

Unit 1

Review

wed sept 21 st
Wed. Sept. 21st

Re-understanding the unit information

Unit 1

Review

tues sept 20 th1
Tues. Sept. 20th

Systems of Government

Directions :

Describe the following 3 Systems of Government.

( Each description should be at least 1-2 sentences and include examples as given from the book)

  • Unitary System
  • Confederal System
  • Federal System
tues sep 20 th
Tues. Sep. 20th

Unitary System

A system in which a strong central government has complete control over all other levels of society.

Example: Dictator or Monarchy

tues sep 20 th1
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Monarchy

A ruler who gains power through ___________.

heredity

Example:

George III

  • King __________
  • (During Colonial America)
tues sep 20 th2
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Events since King took over:

Stamp Act

Stamp Act

Boston Massacre

Boston Massacre

Boston Tea Party

tues sep 20 th3
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Complaints ?

Colonists did not like how the King had complete control over them.

Best example:

  • “Taxation without
  • ______________”

Representation

tues sep 20 th4
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Colonial Response ?

Declaration of Independence

When:

July 4, 1776

  • Who:

Thomas Jefferson

Significance:

Officially dissolved the relationship between colonies and England.

tues sep 20 th5
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

What else in the U.S. was occurring

American Revolution

When:

1775-1783

  • Who:

Colonies vs. England

Significance:

Officially ended England’s control over the colonies.

tues sep 20 th6
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

What Government did the U.S. use

Articles of Confederation

When:

1781-1787

  • Who:

13 States

Significance:

Weak central government had little authority over states.

tues sep 20 th7
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Articles of Confederation

Basic Organization?

1 Branch of Govt. Legislative

1 Branch of Govt. Legislative

Each state was equally powerful

Each state was equally powerful

States created and followed own laws.

tues sep 20 th8
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Articles of Confederation

Problems ?

No executive branch to enforce laws

No executive branch to enforce laws

States created their own currency

States created their own currency

There were no national courts to settle differences among states.

tues sep 20 th9
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

Colonial Solution?

Constitutional Convention

When:

Summer of 1787

  • Who:

55 Delegates of 12 states

Significance:

Created document establishing a new U.S. Government

tues sep 20 th10
Tues. Sep. 20th

4

2 Plans (options)

Virginia & New Jersey

No executive branch to enforce laws

No executive branch to enforce laws

States created their own currency

States created their own currency

There were no national courts to settle differences among states.

2 plans compared
2 Plans Compared

Virginia Plan

New Jersey Plan

great compromise

Great Compromise

A.K.A. Connecticut Plan

great compromise1
Great Compromise
  • Bicameral Legislature
  • Representation in the House is based on state population and elected by the People.
  • Representation in Senate would be equal

(two from each state) chosen by state legislatures

great compromise2
Great Compromise
  • Bicameral Legislature
  • Representation in the House is based on state population and elected by the People.
  • Representation in Senate would be equal

(two from each state) chosen by state legislatures

new government
New Government

Virginia Plan

New Jersey Plan

slide23

Unitary System

CentralGovernment

(King)

Political

Sub-divisions

(Colonies)

Strong

Weak

Central Government

The ______________________has political

authority over the _______________

sub-divisions

slide24

Confederation System

Political

Sub-divisions

( 13 states )

Central

Government

( ? ? ? ? )

Weak

Strong

sub-divisions

The ________________have political

authority over the ____________________ .

Central Government

slide25

Federal System

CentralGovernment

Political Sub-divisions

  • ( Wash. DC )

( States )

Weaker than D.C.

Most Power

The Central Government and the political sub-divisions ________ political responsibilities.

share

what you need to know

What you need to know:

Unitary System

Monarchy

Troubles with King George III

Decl. of Independence

Confederal System

Articles of Confederation

Federal System

U.S. Constitution

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