The joy of sentences
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The Joy of Sentences. Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex. Simple sentences. Are about primarily just one thing Can have commas Can have multiple subjects and verbs EX: The dog is brown. EX: In the morning, you will eat bread. EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.

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The Joy of Sentences

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The joy of sentences

The Joy of Sentences

Simple

Compound

Complex

Compound-Complex


Simple sentences

Simple sentences

  • Are about primarily just one thing

  • Can have commas

  • Can have multiple subjects and verbs

  • EX: The dog is brown.

  • EX: In the morning, you will eat bread.

  • EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.


Compound sentences

Compound Sentences

  • Comprised of two independent clauses (have a subject and verb)

  • Can be joined in three ways

  • With a comma and a conjunction

  • With a semicolon

  • With a semicolon, conjunction AND a comma


For example

For Example

  • Susan bought some milk, and Joe bought some cookies.

  • The dog wanted some meat; the cat ate her catfood.

  • The sun shone brightly; however, the rain came in the next day.

  • The boy took a picture, and developed it at home.


Complex sentences

Complex Sentences

  • Made up of an independent clause AND a dependent clause (remember, dependent clauses have a s/v, but they can’t stand alone)

  • If the dependent clause starts the sentence, follow it with a comma.

  • If the independent clause comes first, no comma.


For example1

For example

  • When the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday, Ms. Smith will be very happy!

  • Ms. Smith will be very happy when the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday.

  • I love ice cream, because it is yummy.


Types of clauses

Types of Clauses

  • Adjective clauses – Are dependent clauses** that follow the nouns or pronouns that they modify

  • Often begin with who, whom, whose, which, that

  • **Remember, a clause has both a subject and a verb


Examples

Examples…

  • The girl who broke her leg came back to school today for the first time.

  • FIND the Clause…tell me what it is modifying

  • In the morning, the teacher that is giving all the kids F’s will be fired.


Adverb clauses

Adverb Clauses

  • A dependent clause** that is used as an adverb

  • Begin with subordinating conjunctions such as…

    after although as as if where

    becauseBeforeif

    Sincethanthoughunless

    Untilwhenwheneverwhile


Complex examples

Complex Examples

  • While the band played their music, the couples slowly danced on the floor.

  • The team that won the Little League World series is from Columbus.

  • We will swim when the sun comes out.

  • My favorite book, which is a classic novel, was made into a film.


Review

REVIEW

  • Simple…have commas after prep phrases

  • Compound…two IC’s joined by a comma/conjunction or a semi colon

  • Complex…IC and a DC…if DC comes first, then follow it with a comma. If the IC comes first, then no comma.

  • CP-CX Complex sentence joined with a compound one


Using a compound complex sentence to write a 3 part thesis

Using a compound-complex sentence to write a 3-part thesis

  • Example…taking vending machines out of schools

  • While sodas do contain extra sugar, the caffeine provides tired students with a needed boost, and a soda can be a great break for students during a long instructional day.


For example2

For example

  • While sodas do contain extra sugar, the caffeine provides tired students with a needed boost, and a soda can be a great break for students during a long instructional day.


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