WHAT IS CFS?. 1. The Committee on World Food Security serves as a forum in the United Nations System for review and follow-up of policies concerning World Food Security (and Nutrition) , including food production and physical and economic access to food
WHAT IS CFS?
1. The Committee on World Food Security serves as a forum in the United Nations System for review and follow-up of policies concerning World Food Security (and Nutrition) , including food production and physical and economic access to food
2. At the 35th Session of the CFS, held in Rome in October 2009, members of the CFS agreed on a wide-ranging reform with the aim of making the CFS the foremost inclusiveinternational and intergovernmental platform(( MULTI ACTOR POLICY SPACE)dealing with food security and nutrition
3. The full and active participation of civil society in the reform process ensured our right to be self organised,autonomous and equal participation with governments in policy debates and CFS sessions
The rise in food prices in 2007-08 and financial and economic crisis in 2009 highlighted the unacceptable levels of structural poverty and hunger around the world
It threatened global food security and nutrition and the achievement of the 1996 World Food Summit target(WFSt) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for reducing hunger and malnutrition
2008 Madrid Meeting,World Food Summit,CFS reform(2009),G20,UN General Assembly
Reform was the result of Deliberations between the CFS Bureau and an open Contact Group
What is new in the reform
Redefined vision and role to focus on the key challenges of eradicating hunger
Expanding participation in CFS to ensure that voices of all relevant stakeholders are heard in the policy debate on food and agriculture
To become the central United Nations political platform dealing with food security and nutrition
Strengthening linkages with regional, national and local levels
Structured expertise through High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) to support the work of CFS based on hard evidence and knowledge
Three guiding principles- Inclusiveness, strong linkages to the field to ensure the process is based on the reality on the ground and flexibility in implementation so that CFS can respond to a changing external environment
Role of CFS -Phases
Phase 1- Global coordination , policy convergence, facilitating support and advice to countries and regions
Phase II- Coordination at national and regional levels, promoting accountability and sharing best practices at all levels and developing a global strategic framework for food security and nutrition etc
CFS will strive for the implementation of VG on Rt to Food and support country led processes to eradicate hunger and malnutrition
Promote accountability and share best practices at all levels. One of the main functions of the CFS has been to “monitor actively the implementation of the 1996 World Food Summit Plan of Action” (WFS-PoA)
Develop a Global Strategic Framework for food security and nutrition in order to improve coordination and guide synchronized action by a wide range of stakeholders(Based on existing CFA,CAADP,Rt Food etc)
Players in this game
A.MEMBERS- The membership of the Committee shall be open to all Members of FAO, WFP or IFAD, or non-member States of FAO that are member States of the United Nations.
1.Representatives of UN agencies - FAO, IFAD, WFP, the HLTF etc , Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN).
2.Civil society and non-governmental organizations and their networks with particular attention to organizations representing smallholder family farmers, artisanal fisherfolk, herders/pastoralists, landless, urban poor, agricultural and food workers, women, youth, consumers, Indigenous Peoples, and International NGOs ( gender and geographic balance in their representation.)
3)International agricultural research systems such as Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and others.
4)International and regional Financial Institutions including WB, I MF, regional development banks and WTO
5)Private sector associations and private philanthropic foundations
i)The Annual Plenary
ii)The CFS Bureau and its Advisory Group
iii)The High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) - a multi-disciplinary scientific advisory body to the CFS
iv)The Secretariat (FAO,WFP and IFAD)
What is CSM ?
The purpose of the CSM is to facilitate civil society participation in agriculture, food security and nutrition policy development at national, regional and global levels in the context of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS)
Approved by CFS 36th session in 2010
FUNCTIONS and Activities
Autonomously established global mechanism to facilitate CSO/NGOs consultation and participation in the CFS.
To serve inter-sessional global, regional and national actions in which organizations of the population most affected by food insecurity, would be accorded priority representation.
Communicating to the CFS and its Bureau through CSO Advisory Group members
Convening a civil society forum as a preparatory event before CFS sessions
To promote collaboration, coordination and coherence between CSO's from a wide range of constituencies and sub-regions
Functions and activities
To support CSO's to influence policy processes and outcomes at the global level by facilitating civil society participation in CFS Plenary Sessions, Open Ended Working Groups, Task Teams, the CFS Advisory Group and other CFS mechanisms
To enable CSO's to influence policy processes at regional and national levels by facilitating civil society participation in regional inter-governmental events and processes and facilitating participation in national, multi-stakeholder food security governance structures and processes
To facilitates the broad and regular exchange of information, analysis and experience between CSO's from around the world. It also enables the development of common CSO positions where possible and helps communicate divergent positions where there is no consensus
How it works
Facilitation of face to face and virtual meetings, trainings, consultations, reports and papers, the CSM website and an annual CSM Forum.
Coordination Committee-11 constituencies and 17 Sub regions-Working groups on CFS topics
Activities of the CSM in 2010/11
1.Development of policy messages and contribution to the agenda of CFS
2.Facilitated participation in the Session of the CFS , Advisory Group ,CFS Open Ended Working Groups(VG on land and GSF ,rai) CFS Task Teams on agricultural investment, gender and food price volatility ,Negotiation on Voluntary Guidelines ,Training on topics,CSOForum
The CSM is an inclusive space open to all civil society organizations, with priority given to the organisations and movements of the people most affected by food insecurity and malnutrition, i.e. smallholder producers, fisherfolk, pastoralists,indegeneous,women,rural youth etc etc
The CSM is founded on the fact that the people most affected by food insecurity and malnutrition must be the agents of their own development, are best placed to represent their own interests and views and are not only victims but also bearers of solutions.
The CSM respects pluralism, autonomy and self-organization and tries to ensure a balance of gender, regions, constituencies and sectors.
The CSM presents common positions to policy makers where they emerge and the range of different positions where there is no consensus.