Industrial revolution
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Industrial Revolution. Definition: greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the 18 th century. Textile: A cloth, especially one manufactured by weaving or knitting; a fabric. Began in England, spread to western world. Agricultural Beginnings.

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Industrial Revolution

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Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

  • Definition: greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the 18th century.

  • Textile: A cloth, especially one manufactured by weaving or knitting; a fabric.

  • Began in England, spread to western world


Agricultural beginnings

Agricultural Beginnings

  • Large enclosures forced new technology and did what to peasants?

  • JethroTull and Seed Drill

  • Crop Rotation / Breeding led to more available food/resources. Leads to…?


New technologies spur innovation

Watt and steam engine led to canals, shipping, etc.

Coal as a power source

Smelting and Darby family.

New Technologies Spur Innovation


Britain

Advantages of Britain

Large population (pop. Increase)

Nat. Resources=coal, iron, H2O, rivers, harbors

Factors of Production

Land, Labor, Capital

Britain


Questions

Questions

  • In what ways did geographical features assist industrial progress in England?

  • In what ways did humans change their environment for industrial progress?

  • Which natural characteristics were most important for the industrial revolution?


19 3 social impacts of revolution

19.3 Social Impacts of Revolution


Impact on society

Impact on society…

  • Population boom:

    • (1750) European pop: 140 million

    • (1850) European pop: 266 million

  • Urbanization…growth of cities

    • (1800) London: 1 million

    • (1850) London:2.5 million


Living

Government non-interaction

Garbage, police, crowding, tenements.

Life span, medical problems.

Unions impossible, Luddites popular.

Living


Effects of industrialization

Effects of Industrialization

  • Negative: Urbanization created new problems

    • Over crowding, unsanitary, unsafe, lack of hospitals, fire and police departments

    • Dangerous working conditions, low pay

    • Women and children join the workforce

    • Formation of labor unions/socialism (illegal at first)

  • Positive (long term)

    • Horizons widened, opportunities increase

    • Eventually legislation to protect workers


New classes emerge

New Classes Emerge

  • Industrial middle class

    • Entrepreneurs and skilled artisans

    • Women able to stay home and children get an education

    • Pleasant neighborhoods

  • Industrial working class

    • Women and children sent to work

    • Lived in slums and new tenements

      • No running water or sanitation system led to the spread of disease


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