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Optical Research in IST. Photonics Technologies in the EU Information Society Technologies (IST) Workprogramme Andrew Houghton European Commission, DG Information Society [email protected] Photonics 2000, Manchester July 4-5, 2000. EU RTD Programmes.

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Optical research in ist

Optical Research in IST

Photonics Technologies in the EU

Information Society Technologies (IST) Workprogramme

Andrew Houghton

European Commission, DG Information Society

[email protected]

Photonics 2000, Manchester

July 4-5, 2000


Eu rtd programmes

EU RTD Programmes

  • strengthen the international competitiveness of Community industry

  • provide appropriate incentives for maintaining and creating jobs in the Community

  • promote sustainable development and improve the quality of life in the Community

  • the needs of other Community policies in support of which the RTD actions are carried out

  • scientific and technical cooperation agreements between the Community and third countries

  • (CD 22.12.98, OJ L26/48)


Optical research in ist

Information

Society

Technologies

History of the IST Programme

3rd

4th

5th Framework

Programme

2nd

Services

TAP

TAP

TAP

ESPRIT3

ESPRIT4

ESPRIT

ACTS

RACE 2

Basic

Technologies

RACE 1

1987

1999

1991

1995


Optical research in ist

Challenges for the Photonic Network

To enable an

efficient and affordable

communications infrastructure!


Optical research in ist

THE NEW PARADIGM FOR COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

TELECOMS: SWITCHING and TRANSMISSION

INTERNET: ROUTERS and PIPES

USE OPTICS for PIPES: +also for ROUTERS???

PIPES: Bit-rates and BER

NETWORK: QoS and GRANULARITY

TERMINALS: Mobile!!

CLIENT LAYERS and/or APPLICATION LAYERS


Progress in photonics technologies

Progress in Photonics Technologies

From Research to

Commercial availability:

~4 years

4 Years Lead-time

12 fold Performance Increase

DWDM boosts

Performance

~12x

Transmission Rate Gbit/s


Optical research in ist

Pan-European

Fibreoptic Network Operators

April 1998: 3 Pan-European network operators

April 2000: 25 Pan-European network operators

GTS (Hermes/Esprit), Viatel/CIRCE, MCI Worldcom

Concert (BT/AT&T), i-21, Level (3), EBN + Global 1 (FT)

COLT, Carrier1, KPN Qwest + + …

Most of these networks overlap, and cover Amsterdam-London- Paris-Frankfurt, but ignore regions of central Europe, southern Italy, southern Spain...

OD1


Optical research in ist

Network Model

Network User Traffic

Packet Services

Virtual Circuit Services

IP

Circuit Services

Optical Services

ATM, Frame Relay

SDH

Optical Transport Layer - DWDM


Optical component market 1975 2025

Optical Component Market 1975-2025

$900

$800

$700

Other Components

Optical Switches

$600

Filters

$500

Optical Amplifiers

Couplers/Splitters

$400

Receivers

$300

Transmitters

Connectors

$200

Fiber-Optic Cable

$100

$0

1975

1985

1995

2005

2015

2025

($ billions)

We are early in the cycle of growth.

OD71


Optical research in ist

Roadmap for Photonics Technologies


Optical research in ist

THE PARADOX FOR OPTICAL NETWORK R+D

“THE PROBLEM AREAS IN OPTICAL NETWORKS ARE MOSTLY NON-OPTICAL”

ALL NETWORKS USE MORE AND MORE OPTICS BUT OPTICAL HARDWARE IS A DECREASING PROBLEM

THE PRIORITY RTD FOR FUTURE OPTICAL NETWORKS MAY BE IN MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, PROTOCOLS, MAC LAYERS, CLIENT ADAPTATION LAYERS….

CAN OPTICAL RTD BE DIRECTED TO SOLVING THESE PROBLEMS?

(+FOR ACCESS NETWORKS, RTD IN DIGGING HOLES??? )


Optical research in ist

Challenges for Photonic

Core Networks

  • Increase Capacity per Fibre

  • Efficient Optical Network Nodes(Cross-connects and Multiplexers)

  • Management System

  • Protection and Restoration


Photonic networking evolution

Photonic Networking Evolution

Interconnected rings

and mesh topologies

OXC

OXC

OXC

OXC

OXC

WDM rings with

full connectivity

Technology evolution

OADM

OADM

OADM

WDM rings with

node addressing

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

OADM

WDM transmission with add/drop

OADM

OADM

WDM transmission

Year

1996

1999

2003

2006


Optical research in ist

European Information Infrastructure

Core Network: 2003

WDM Ring Network:

“Domains” linked by switches


Optical research in ist

European Information Infrastructure

Core Network: 2007

Meshed WDM Network: Cross-connects, OADMs and Terabit/s links

Clients: SDH, ATM, IP, NGP?


Optical research in ist

Challenges for Photonic

Metropolitan Networks

  • Support All Services (Internet, Mobile, Broadcast)

  • Flexible Bandwidth Allocation

  • Flexible Cross-connects and Multiplexers

  • Efficient Interfacing with Communications Higher Layers (IP)

  • Interworking with other Networks

  • Management System

  • Protection and Restoration


Optical research in ist

Challenges for Photonic

Access Networks

LOW COST - AFFORDABLE ACCESS!

Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime

  • Efficient Combination withother Technologies (wireless, xDSL...)

  • Flexible Bandwidth Allocation

  • Cheap and easy-to-use Access Gateways


User and service requirements

User and Service Requirements

Source: Heinrich Hertz Institute

64kb/s

100kb/s

1Mb/s

10 Mb/s

100Mb/s

1E+04

1Gb/s

1E+03

D

Response time (ms)

F

G

E

1E+02

C

A. POTS

B. Videoconferencing (low quality)

C. Videoconferencing (high quality)

D. Teleworking

E. Telelearning

F. Information exchange

and retrieval

G. Entertainment

A

B

1E+01

(including

Internet)

1E+00

1E+02

1E+03

1E+04

1E+05

1E+06

1E+07

1E+08

1E+09

Information content (bits)


Optical research in ist

Multi-Service Access Network

Optical Fibre

Optical

Network

Interface

Copper Pair

Coaxial Cable

UMTS

base station

Wireless/Radio

Voice

Services

Service

Integration

Point

Core

Network

Data

Services

SIP

VOD

Services

CaTV

Head-End

OD5


The ist programme 1999 2002 total budget 3600m eur

The IST Programme1999-2002; Total Budget: 3600M EUR

Key Action 1: Systems and services for the citizen

Key Action 2: New methods of work and e-commerce

Key Action 3: Multimedia content and tools

Key Action 4: Essential Technologies and Infrastructures

Future & Emerging Technologies

Research Networking

Cross-Programme Themes


Optical research in ist

KEY ACTION 4:

ESSENTIAL TECHNOLOGIES AND INFRASTRUCTURES

MOBILE AND PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS

AND SYSTEMS AND SATELLITES

REAL-TIME,

LARGE-SCALE

SIMULATION AND

VISUALISATION

TECHNOLOGIES AND ENGINEERING

FOR SOFTWARE, SYSTEMS AND SERVICES

MICROELECTRONICS

INTERFACES

INFORMATION PROCESSING,

COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS

PERIPHERALS

SUB-SYSTEMS

MICRO SYSTEMS


Wp2000 key action iv 2 unite1

WP2000 Key Action IV.2 (UnitE1)

KA1 KA2 KA3

T

A

K

E

U

P

SERVICES PROVISION

DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

REALTIME SYSTEMS

NETWORKMANAGEMENT

NETWORK INTEGRATION

PROTOCOLS: IP, WAP…

ACCESS NETWORK

OPTICAL

CORE NETWORK

INFRASTRUCTURE


Interdependence of research areas

Interdependence of Research Areas

CONCEPTS + MATERIALS

SPECIFICATIONS

PROTOTYPES

COMPONENTS + DEVICES

SYSTEMS + NETWORKS


The ist workprogramme 1999

The IST Workprogramme 1999

First Call For Proposals; 19 March 1999:

Key Action 4: Essential Technologies and Infrastructures

4.2.3 Network integration, interoperability and interworking

4.2.4 Network management and service-level interworking

4.2.5 All-optical and terabit networks

4.8.4 Advanced optoelectronics and microelectronics

Future & Emerging Technologies: (+FET Open):

P1 Quantum information processing and communications

Second Call For Proposals; September 1999:

Research Networking

7.1.2 RN1 Testbeds for advanced networking and application experiments


Snapshot of ist s first call

Snapshot of IST’s first call

  • Initial focus on RTD activities

  • Response

    2,486 proposals ….. …….. for 5,300 MEuro funding

  • Retained for Negotiation

    475 proposals ……………... for 817 MEuro funding

  • Selection Ratio

    ~1 : 5.2 for proposals …………. ~1 : 6.5 for funding


Optical research in ist

Optoelectronics in IST

  • Current technological strengths::

  • Materials, components and subsystems:

    • - Photonic crystals (PCIC, PICCO, PHOBOS)

    • - Lasers and LEDs (GSQ, AGETHA, TUNVIC)

    • - High brightness sources(WILD, ULTRABRIGHT)

    • - THz imaging (TERAVISION)

  • Application areas:

  • Photonic networks (local, core), amplifiers, WDM, med.imaging

  • Trend for call 4:

  • All-optical and hybrid low-cost functional components

  • contact: [email protected]


Displays sensors actuators new ist projects call 1

Displays / Sensors / Actuators New IST projects - Call 1

  • 10692 PLADISPDP technologies for low cost and performance

  • 12339 HIGHLIGHTPassive B&W / color Polymer LEDs

  • 10194 ADCISMedium VoltageFED displays for automotive

  • 12085 OCDISBi-refringent films for LCD compensation


New ist projects call 2 negotiated but not yet signed

New IST projects - Call 2negotiated but not yet signed

  • 20394 OEDIBUSCar driver assistance system based on a new flat and slim see-through head up display.

  • 20590 CANADISLarge area field emission displays based on carbon nanotube cathode materials.

  • 20614 CROMATEAM Low power very large message boards based on 2D tiling of LCD pixels for highways and city public information


The ist workprogramme 2000

The IST Workprogramme 2000

FET OPEN Call For Proposals

3rd Call For Proposals: Feb 8, 2000:

RN2, RN3, RN4

4th Call For Proposals: June

4.2.4 Terabit Core Networks

4.8.4 Optoelectronic Technologies

5th Call for Proposals: September

4.2.3 Network Integration

CPA6 Next Generation Networks


Key action 4 2 highlight terabit core networks

Key Action 4.2 Highlight: Terabit Core Networks

Mobile- IP-WDM INTEGRATION

NETWORK

MANAGEMENT

Qof S

ALL-OPTICAL DWDM

TERABIT CORE NETWORK

CHALLENGE:

Optical Packet Switching

OPEN

SERVICE

PLATFORM

HIGH

CAPACITY


Optical research in ist

Regional Infrastructure Investment

The projected growth in bandwidth usage shows that all users will require 10-100 Mbit/s by around 2008-2012

Support for investment to encourage the provision of optical fibre infrastructure for use by public services (hospitals, schools, administration…) in peripheral Regions will also facilitate the future provision of fibre for residential users in these areas

OD7


Optical research in ist

Network Infrastructure Investment

  • The primary aim should be to put into place high speed optical fibre data networks in each local or Regional area:

    • all universities, training centres, research institutes and libraries should have a optical Gigabit Ethernet or 1.2Gbit/s fibre connection.

    • Secondary schools should have 622Mbit/s or Fast Ethernet optical fibre connection.*

    • A 55Mbit/s optical link (or VDSL) would be sufficient for most primary schools.

  • * based on 1000 pupils, 1 PC per 10 pupils,

  • fast Internet connection=2Mbit/s per PC

  • OD6


    Conclusions

    CONCLUSIONS

    • The future Global Information Infrastructure will be based on WDM optical networks

    • Optical network implementation will be driven by client layer requirements and by the availability of technology

    • Photonic Technologies RTD has an important place in the IST Programme, to provide the infrastructure of the Information Society


    Optical research in ist

    Contact Co-ordinates

    DG Information Society

    • All-optical and terabit networks

      • Andrew HOUGHTON

      • [email protected]

    • Advanced opto-electronics and microelectronics

      • Henri RAJBENBACH

      • [email protected]

    • Displays

      • Marc BOUKERCHE

      • Marc.Boukerche @cec.eu.int

    • Quantum information processing and communications

      • Gustav KALBE

      • [email protected]

    EUROPA server:www.europa.eu.int

    IST Programme: - CORDIS:www.cordis.lu/ist

    ACTS Photonics Homepage: www.intec.rug.ac.be/horizon


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