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PHOTOGRAPHERS Past & Present. Unit 9. Genre different ‘forms’ of photography. Portrait Fashion Photo Journalism Advertising Press Documentary Still Life. Architectural Sports War Underwater Food Scientific Landscape. Historic Photography.

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Unit 9

Genre different ‘forms’ of photography

  • Portrait

  • Fashion

  • Photo Journalism

  • Advertising

  • Press

  • Documentary

  • Still Life

  • Architectural

  • Sports

  • War

  • Underwater

  • Food

  • Scientific

  • Landscape

Historic Photography

  • Research and display different forms (genres or types) of photography from the past,

    i.e. film photography before the digital era.

  • Choose forms which contrast each other,

    i.e. Fashion, Documentary and Food

  • Find a famous photographer which specialised in one of these ‘forms’.

    • Research and analyse their work and include examples of their photographs.

    • Describe their influences and where their work has been published, used or shown and what impact their work has had on contemporary photography.

    • Explain the techniques they used and how it differs from contemporary digital processes.

      (Tip: You may find they have their own website!)

Dorothea LangePortrait/Documentary Photographer

Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)

Lange's best-known picture is titled "Migrant Mother." The woman in the photo is Florence Owens Thompson a Californian migrant worker with her three children. The face of the young woman is marked by wrinkles, the gaze full of worry directed in the distance. To the right and left the two older children, seeking protection, lean against her shoulders, hiding their faces from the camera, while the small baby has fallen asleep on its mother's lap. This highly concentrated, tightly composed image has made Dorothea Lange an icon of socially committed photography.

She is best known for her chronicles of the Great Depression and for her photographs of migratory farm workers.

From 1935 to 1939, Lange's work brought the plight of the poor and forgotten — particularly sharecroppers, displaced farm families, and migrant workers — to public attention. Distributed free to newspapers across the country, her poignant images became icons of the era.

Ansel AdamsNature/Landscape Photographer

Ansel Adams (Feb. 20 1902 — Apr. 22, 1984),

photographer and environmentalist, was born in San Francisco, California. Adams's love of nature was nurtured in the Yosemite Sierra. He spent substantial time there every year from 1916 until his death.

Adams was the last and defining figure in the romantic tradition of nineteenth-century American landscape painting and photography.

From his first visit, Adams was transfixed and transformed. He began using the Kodak No. 1 Box Brownie his parents had given him.

1927 was the pivotal year of Adams's life. He made his first fully visualized photograph, Monolith, the Face of Half Dome, and took his first High Trip.

Adams's star rose rapidly in the early 1930s, propelled in part by his ability and in part by his effusive energy and activity. He made his first visit to New York in 1933, on a pilgrimage to meet photographer Alfred Stieglitz, the artist whose work and philosophy Adams most admired and whose life of commitment to the medium he consciously emulated .

Adams's technical mastery was the stuff of legend. More than any creative photographer, before or since, he reveled in the theory and practice of the medium.

He served as principal photographic consultant to Polaroid and Hasselblad and, informally, to many other photographic concerns.

Adams developed the famous and highly complex "zone system" of controlling and relating exposure and development, enabling photographers to creatively visualize an image and produce a photograph that matched and expressed that visualization .

Contemporary Photography

  • Research and display different forms (genres or types) of contemporary (present day) photography,

    (think of the different ‘forms’ which are now possible due to digital technology).

  • Choose forms which contrast each other,

    i.e. Underwater, Fashion, Landscape

  • Find a famous photographer which specialises in one of these ‘forms’.

    • Research and analyse their work and include examples of their photographs.

    • Describe their influences and where their work has been published, used or shown and identify the techniques they have used and how these vary from photographers from the past.

      (Tip: You may find they have their own website!)

Annie Leibovitz's portraits have appeared in magazines for over 25 years. She began her career as a photographer for Rolling Stone and now has a long-standing affiliation with Vanity Fair and Vogue. Leibovitz’s first assignment: shoot was John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Leibovitz’s black-and-white portrait of the shaggy-looking Beatle graced the cover of the January 21, 1971 issue. Two years later she was named Rolling Stone chief photographer.

At Vanity Fair she became known for her wildly lit, staged, and provocative portraits of celebrities. Most famous among them are Whoopi Goldberg submerged in a bath of milk and Demi Moore naked and holding her pregnant belly.

Annie Leibovitz

Celebrity Photographer

David LaChapelleCelebrity

His objective is to document America's obsessions and compulsions using publications as a means to reach the broadest possible audience. He employs "pop" in the broadest sense of the word and photographs the most popular people in the world to the most marginalized always attempting to communicate to the public in an explicit and understandable way.

The images are meant to attract, not alienate. Inclusion has always been his goal when making these pictures.

After establishing himself as a fixture amongst contemporary photography, LaChapelle expanded his work to include direction of music videos, live theatrical events, and documentary film. His directing credits include music videos for artists such as Christina Aguilera, Moby, Jennifer Lopez, Britney Spears, The Vines and No Doubt.His stage work includes Elton John's The Red Piano, the Caesar's Palace spectacular he designed and directed in 2004, which just recently ended its five year run in Las Vegas. His burgeoning interest in film led him to make the short documentary Krumped, an award-winner at Sundance from which he developed RIZE, the feature film acquired for worldwide distribution by Lions Gate Films. The film was released in the US and internationally in the Summer of 2005 to huge critical acclaim, and was chosen to open the 2005 Tribeca Film Festival in New York City

Sebastião SalgadoPhoto Journalist

A committed photojournalist, Salgado is one of the most outstanding and versatile of contemporary photographers. A humanist who conveys his feelings with powerful, beautiful photographs, he has revealed a world of human despair from the miserable conditions endured by Brazilian coal miners to African famine victims to oil well firefighters in Kuwaiti oil fields.

Salgado, who lives in Paris, has won various awards, including the W. Eugene Smith Award in 1982 for his essay and series Ethiopian Famine. In 1985 he won the Oskar Barnack Award. He was named Photographic journalist of the Year by the International Center of Photography in 1986 and received the Hasselblad Award in 1989.

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