Environmental Protection Laws. The water (Prevention and control of pollution) act, 1974. The air (Prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981. Wildlife Protection act, 1972. The Indian Forest act, 1980. The Environment (Protection)act, 1986.
The act aims to prevent and control water pollution and to maintain/restore wholesomeness of water by establishing central and state pollution control board to monitor and enforce the regulations.
An act to provide for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution, for the establishment, with a view to carrying out the aforesaid purposes, of boards, for conferring on and assigning to such boards powers and functions relating thereto and for matters connected therewith.
The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Indian legislation enacted by the Parliament of India for protection of plants and animal species
A COMMITMENT OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FOR THE CAUSE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSRVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
Department of Environment was established in 1980. this later become ministry of environment and forest.
To enact general law on environmental protection which could cover uncovered gaps in the areas of major environmental hazards as the existing laws generally focused on specific types of pollution or on specific categories of hazardous substances and some major areas of environmental were not covered.
The Environmental act, 1986 has 26 sections and it has been divided into four chapters relating to:
Handling : Handling, in relation to any substance, means the manufacture, process, treatment, destruction, conversion, offering for sale, transfer, or the like of such substance.
Laying down standards for the emission or discharge of environmental pollutants.
Such other matters as the Central Government may deem necessary of the purposes of securing effective implementation of this Act.
In conclusion, environment pollution are affecting not only individual but also entire countries all over the world. The awareness towards improving the quality of environment has increased substantially and all efforts are being made at different levels to minimize environmental pollution and thus help in improving the quality of life.
• Management of environment means the proper utilization, conservation preservation, control and recycling of the resources for maintaining a balanced ecosystems. The main focus of environment management is, thus, to avoid the over-use, misuse and abuse of the natural resources
The effective environmental management is the optimum allocation of finite resources among the various possible uses and it has to be based on scientific and technological approach which takes full note of socioeconomic parameters and compulsions.
Environmental pollution is a world-wide phenomenon; therefore, there is a need to have a coordinated administrative structure from international level to national levels so that the environmental problems may be tackled in a coordinated and co-operative way.
“NATURE HAS EVERY THING FOR EVERY BODY’S NEED, BUT NOT ENOUGH FOR ONE MAN’S GREED”