Criminal Violence: Patterns, Causes, and Prevention Riedel and Welsh, Ch. 1 “Violence and Criminal Violence”. Defining Violence and Criminal Violence. Violence : “behavior by persons against persons that intentionally threatens, attempts, or actually inflicts physical harm.”
Consensus v. Conflict Model of Criminal Law
Methods used to study violence:
Patterns: Who is involved? Where? How much, how often? Trends over time? What data are available, and what do they tell us?
Causes: attempts to explain violence based on observed patterns
Interventions: programs and policies that attempt to reduce specific types of violence. Interventions should be consistent with both observed patterns and explanations. Failure to do so increases the likelihood of failed interventions.