The road often travelled by youth
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The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH. Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission . About Presenter. Licensed Psychologist 25 years

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The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

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The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.

Licensed Psychologist

Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited

Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


About Presenter

  • Licensed Psychologist 25 years

  • Specialize in trauma, sexual abuse and sex trafficking

  • Author of books on child abuse, guilt and anger

  • Live in Washington state, married with 4 children

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Johnson Family

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Royal Family Kids

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


GOALS

  • Increase AWARENESS

  • Encourage EMPATHY

  • Inspire to ACTION

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


No Strings Attached

An activity demonstrating the many broken relationships (and traumas) experienced by victims

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


LIST:

  • The TRAUMAS

  • The FEELINGS

  • The THOUGHTS & BELIEFS

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Do you know her (him)?

She’s been abused or is very desperate.

She’s been blamed & shamed.

She’s been rejected, neglected.

She’s been deceived, coerced, assaulted, manipulated, raped &/or sold.

She’s been told liesand forced to do despicable things.

She’s a VICTIM!

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Do you know her?

  • She’s your neighbor, niece, daughteror son’s friend,…

  • She should be studying in school.

  • She’s desperate for:

  • LOVE

  • FAMILY & BELONGING

  • She’s young and immature, and doesn’t know what love is or what a healthy relationship looks like…

  • She’s in your program.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


DISCOUNT HIERARCHY by Peg Flandreau West, 1989

  • Existence

    There is NO PROBLEM.

  • Significance

    There is a PROBLEM but it’s NOT a BIG ONE.

  • Solvability

    There is a problem, it is big BUT, it CANNOT be SOLVED.

  • Self

    There is a problem, it is big and it can be solved BUT NOT BY ME.

    WHERE are you?

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


There IS a problem, it IS BIG and I can help solve it!

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


How I got involved…

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Statistics: Human Trafficking

Top 3 Criminal Activities worldwide =

  • 1. Weapon/Arms sale

  • 2. Drug sales

  • 3. Human Trafficking

    Estimated 27 million people enslaved worldwide: 80% women and children


Types of Human Trafficking


YOUTH CHALLENGES - TRAUMAS

  • Fatherlessness

  • Broken families

  • Abandonment

  • Homelessness

  • Gang violence

  • Gender oppression

  • Pornography

  • Poverty

  • Drug Involvement

  • Exploitation

  • Lost childhood

  • Child neglect/abuse

  • Education problems

  • Lack of hope

  • ________________

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


LOSSESand Intervention Points

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


LOSSES:

  • “Normal”

  • Belonging

  • Boundaries

  • Communication skills

  • Confidence

  • Contentment

  • Control

  • Dignity

  • Dreams

  • Education

  • Enjoyment

  • Faith

  • Family

  • Friends

  • Future

  • Healthy relationships

  • Hope

  • Identity

  • Innocence

  • Material possessions

  • Meaning

  • Morality

  • Motivation

  • Nurturing

  • Respect

  • Safety

  • Security

  • Sense of self

  • Stability

  • Support

  • Treasures

  • Trust

  • Virginity

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Why ARE emotionally Healing PROGRAMS Important? Understanding Trauma

Traumatic experiences can be dehumanizing, shocking or terrifying… and often include betrayal of a trusted person or institution and a loss of safety….

[Trauma is a] psychologically wounding experience that induces powerlessness, fear, recurrent hopelessness and a constant state of alert.

(National Center on Trauma-Informed Care)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Understanding TRAUMA

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Events Continuum

One’s trauma reactions depend on a variety of factors including age, gender, life experiences, culture, religious beliefs, support system, and more. Individuals experience trauma in different ways and degrees regardless of where it falls on the continuum. Trauma reactions are generally more severe as one moves up the arrow, with trauma symptoms becoming more pronounced and recovery services and support requiring more time. (This diagram focuses on trauma events rather than individual trauma experiences such as divorce, death of a loved one, medical procedures…)

(BCJohnson, 2011)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – One Event (not person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – One Event (person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – MANY Experiences(person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – MANY Experiences(person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


MULTIPLICITY

INSTABILITY

INABILITY

Complex Trauma’s Instability

(BCJohnson, 2011)

Bumper cars and Team Stabilization

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


  • Complex trauma, that of multiple and/or prolonged traumatic events, results in emotional dysregulation, loss of safety and loss of the ability to detect or respond to danger cues.

    (Herman, 1992)

  • Victims suffering from complex trauma often experience depression, anxiety, self-hatred, dissociation, substance abuse, despair, and somatic ailments. They are also at higher risk for self-destructive and risk-taking behaviors, re-victimization, and experience difficulties with interpersonal and intimate relationships. (Courtois, 2004)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Trauma Symptoms

  • Attachment—difficulties with relationships, boundaries, trust, affect attunement.

  • Biology—increased medical problems, somatization.

  • Affect or emotional regulation—difficulty identifying, expressing and/or controlling emotions.

  • Dissociation—alterations in states of consciousness, amnesia, depersonalization and de-realization.

  • Behavioral control—poor impulse control, eating and substance use problems, aggressive, oppositional, compliant, self-destructive.

  • Cognition—problems with perceptions, understanding, sustained attention.

  • Self-concept—low self-esteem, guilt and shame.

    (Cook, Blaustein, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2003)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Inner Voices

A drama byBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed PsychologistServing the Sexually Abused and Exploited

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The LIESof Trauma:Sexual Abuse and Exploitation

Compiled by Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed Psychologist

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The LIES

  • I’m worthless.

  • I’m a nobody.

  • I don’t deserve anything good.

  • I deserve this.

  • This is as good as it gets.

  • It’s my fault.

  • I can’t trust anyone.

  • No one will help nor can help.

  • No one cares.

  • I can’t do anything right.

  • I chose this life.

  • I can’t make good decisions.

  • I’ll never change.

  • God is impotent (can’t help).

  • God doesn’t care (won’t help).

  • God doesn’t exist.

  • Life won’t or can’t get any better.

  • He really does love me.

  • My feelings don’t matter.

  • Good things won’t happen to me.

  • I am to Blame.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The LIES

  • I should have tried harder.

  • I should have known better.

  • I’ll never begood for anything.

  • All I’m good at/for is sex.

  • I must not let things bother me.

  • I must hide or ignore my feelings.

  • I‘ve got to take care of others.

  • I can’t trust myself.

  • Everyone thinks like he does (the abuser)

  • I am a bad person (worthless).

  • I’m so stupid.

  • People use and abuse me, even those who say they love or care about me.

  • I gotta be tough and not let things bother me.

  • Love hurts.

  • This is what I deserve.

  • It’s helpless (the situation).

  • I’m helpless.

  • I’m hopeless.

  • This is as good as it gets.

  • This IS my life.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The LIES – Challenging our Beliefs

  • Self–worth?

  • Love – able?

  • Hope – less?

  • Help – less?

  • Blame & Shame!

  • Choice?

  • Abilities?

  • God’s goodness?

  • ‘Karma’ (bad)

  • Human kindness?

  • Effort?

  • Reality of LOVE?

  • Trust?

  • Feelings?

  • Nature of Human Relationships

  • Add to the list:

  • ___________________

  • ____________________

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


Victim Reality:Common Feelings from an Uncommon Experience

  • Distrusting

  • Dependent

  • Dream-less

  • Depressed

  • Discouraged

  • Devastated

  • Dejected

  • Damaged-goods

  • Disregarded

  • Demoralized

  • Down-trodden

  • Demeaned

  • Disposable

  • Dehumanized

  • Defiled

  • Devalued

  • Deceived

  • Dirty

  • Desperate

  • Disconnected

  • Destroyed

  • Detached

  • Dumb

  • Dead

  • Dissociative

  • Doubt-filled

  • (BCJohnson, 2012)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


SocietyGOD

rebelliousbeloved

runawaysson/daughter

trouble-makerprecious

deviantspecial

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

SocietYVs God Perspectives

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The RFK Mailbox Story

Strength-Based Approach


T.R.A.C.,

THIS is who you work with.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


T.R.A.C.,

You intervene.

You do prevention.

You make a difference.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.

Licensed Psychologist

Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited

Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. [email protected]


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