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The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH. Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission . About Presenter. Licensed Psychologist 25 years

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The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

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The road often travelled by youth

The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.

Licensed Psychologist

Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited

Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


About presenter

About Presenter

  • Licensed Psychologist 25 years

  • Specialize in trauma, sexual abuse and sex trafficking

  • Author of books on child abuse, guilt and anger

  • Live in Washington state, married with 4 children

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Johnson family

Johnson Family

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth

Royal Family Kids

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Goals

GOALS

  • Increase AWARENESS

  • Encourage EMPATHY

  • Inspire to ACTION

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


No strings attached

No Strings Attached

An activity demonstrating the many broken relationships (and traumas) experienced by victims

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth

LIST:

  • The TRAUMAS

  • The FEELINGS

  • The THOUGHTS & BELIEFS

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Do you know her him

Do you know her (him)?

She’s been abused or is very desperate.

She’s been blamed & shamed.

She’s been rejected, neglected.

She’s been deceived, coerced, assaulted, manipulated, raped &/or sold.

She’s been told liesand forced to do despicable things.

She’s a VICTIM!

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Do you know her

Do you know her?

  • She’s your neighbor, niece, daughteror son’s friend,…

  • She should be studying in school.

  • She’s desperate for:

  • LOVE

  • FAMILY & BELONGING

  • She’s young and immature, and doesn’t know what love is or what a healthy relationship looks like…

  • She’s in your program.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Discount hierarchy by peg flandreau west 1989

DISCOUNT HIERARCHY by Peg Flandreau West, 1989

  • Existence

    There is NO PROBLEM.

  • Significance

    There is a PROBLEM but it’s NOT a BIG ONE.

  • Solvability

    There is a problem, it is big BUT, it CANNOT be SOLVED.

  • Self

    There is a problem, it is big and it can be solved BUT NOT BY ME.

    WHERE are you?

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


There is a problem it is big and i can help solve it

There IS a problem, it IS BIG and I can help solve it!

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


How i got involved

How I got involved…

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Statistics human trafficking

Statistics: Human Trafficking

Top 3 Criminal Activities worldwide =

  • 1. Weapon/Arms sale

  • 2. Drug sales

  • 3. Human Trafficking

    Estimated 27 million people enslaved worldwide: 80% women and children


Types of human trafficking

Types of Human Trafficking


The road often travelled by youth

YOUTH CHALLENGES - TRAUMAS

  • Fatherlessness

  • Broken families

  • Abandonment

  • Homelessness

  • Gang violence

  • Gender oppression

  • Pornography

  • Poverty

  • Drug Involvement

  • Exploitation

  • Lost childhood

  • Child neglect/abuse

  • Education problems

  • Lack of hope

  • ________________

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Losses and intervention points

LOSSESand Intervention Points

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Losses

LOSSES:

  • “Normal”

  • Belonging

  • Boundaries

  • Communication skills

  • Confidence

  • Contentment

  • Control

  • Dignity

  • Dreams

  • Education

  • Enjoyment

  • Faith

  • Family

  • Friends

  • Future

  • Healthy relationships

  • Hope

  • Identity

  • Innocence

  • Material possessions

  • Meaning

  • Morality

  • Motivation

  • Nurturing

  • Respect

  • Safety

  • Security

  • Sense of self

  • Stability

  • Support

  • Treasures

  • Trust

  • Virginity

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Why are emotionally healing programs important understanding trauma

Why ARE emotionally Healing PROGRAMS Important? Understanding Trauma

Traumatic experiences can be dehumanizing, shocking or terrifying… and often include betrayal of a trusted person or institution and a loss of safety….

[Trauma is a] psychologically wounding experience that induces powerlessness, fear, recurrent hopelessness and a constant state of alert.

(National Center on Trauma-Informed Care)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Understanding trauma

Understanding TRAUMA

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma events continuum

Trauma Events Continuum

One’s trauma reactions depend on a variety of factors including age, gender, life experiences, culture, religious beliefs, support system, and more. Individuals experience trauma in different ways and degrees regardless of where it falls on the continuum. Trauma reactions are generally more severe as one moves up the arrow, with trauma symptoms becoming more pronounced and recovery services and support requiring more time. (This diagram focuses on trauma events rather than individual trauma experiences such as divorce, death of a loved one, medical procedures…)

(BCJohnson, 2011)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma continuum bcjohnson 2011 one person one event not person to person

Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – One Event (not person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma continuum bcjohnson 2011 one person one event person to person

Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – One Event (person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma continuum bcjohnson 2011 one person many experiences person to person

Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – MANY Experiences(person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma continuum bcjohnson 2011 one person many experiences person to person1

Trauma Continuum BCJohnson, 2011One Person – MANY Experiences(person to person)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Complex trauma s instability

MULTIPLICITY

INSTABILITY

INABILITY

Complex Trauma’s Instability

(BCJohnson, 2011)

Bumper cars and Team Stabilization

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth

  • Complex trauma, that of multiple and/or prolonged traumatic events, results in emotional dysregulation, loss of safety and loss of the ability to detect or respond to danger cues.

    (Herman, 1992)

  • Victims suffering from complex trauma often experience depression, anxiety, self-hatred, dissociation, substance abuse, despair, and somatic ailments. They are also at higher risk for self-destructive and risk-taking behaviors, re-victimization, and experience difficulties with interpersonal and intimate relationships. (Courtois, 2004)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Trauma symptoms

Trauma Symptoms

  • Attachment—difficulties with relationships, boundaries, trust, affect attunement.

  • Biology—increased medical problems, somatization.

  • Affect or emotional regulation—difficulty identifying, expressing and/or controlling emotions.

  • Dissociation—alterations in states of consciousness, amnesia, depersonalization and de-realization.

  • Behavioral control—poor impulse control, eating and substance use problems, aggressive, oppositional, compliant, self-destructive.

  • Cognition—problems with perceptions, understanding, sustained attention.

  • Self-concept—low self-esteem, guilt and shame.

    (Cook, Blaustein, Spinazzola, & van der Kolk, 2003)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Inner voices

Inner Voices

A drama byBecca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed PsychologistServing the Sexually Abused and Exploited

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The lies of trauma sexual abuse and exploitation

The LIESof Trauma:Sexual Abuse and Exploitation

Compiled by Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D., Licensed Psychologist

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The lies

The LIES

  • I’m worthless.

  • I’m a nobody.

  • I don’t deserve anything good.

  • I deserve this.

  • This is as good as it gets.

  • It’s my fault.

  • I can’t trust anyone.

  • No one will help nor can help.

  • No one cares.

  • I can’t do anything right.

  • I chose this life.

  • I can’t make good decisions.

  • I’ll never change.

  • God is impotent (can’t help).

  • God doesn’t care (won’t help).

  • God doesn’t exist.

  • Life won’t or can’t get any better.

  • He really does love me.

  • My feelings don’t matter.

  • Good things won’t happen to me.

  • I am to Blame.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The lies1

The LIES

  • I should have tried harder.

  • I should have known better.

  • I’ll never begood for anything.

  • All I’m good at/for is sex.

  • I must not let things bother me.

  • I must hide or ignore my feelings.

  • I‘ve got to take care of others.

  • I can’t trust myself.

  • Everyone thinks like he does (the abuser)

  • I am a bad person (worthless).

  • I’m so stupid.

  • People use and abuse me, even those who say they love or care about me.

  • I gotta be tough and not let things bother me.

  • Love hurts.

  • This is what I deserve.

  • It’s helpless (the situation).

  • I’m helpless.

  • I’m hopeless.

  • This is as good as it gets.

  • This IS my life.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The lies challenging our beliefs

The LIES – Challenging our Beliefs

  • Self–worth?

  • Love – able?

  • Hope – less?

  • Help – less?

  • Blame & Shame!

  • Choice?

  • Abilities?

  • God’s goodness?

  • ‘Karma’ (bad)

  • Human kindness?

  • Effort?

  • Reality of LOVE?

  • Trust?

  • Feelings?

  • Nature of Human Relationships

  • Add to the list:

  • ___________________

  • ____________________

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Victim reality c ommon feelings from an uncommon experience

Victim Reality:Common Feelings from an Uncommon Experience

  • Distrusting

  • Dependent

  • Dream-less

  • Depressed

  • Discouraged

  • Devastated

  • Dejected

  • Damaged-goods

  • Disregarded

  • Demoralized

  • Down-trodden

  • Demeaned

  • Disposable

  • Dehumanized

  • Defiled

  • Devalued

  • Deceived

  • Dirty

  • Desperate

  • Disconnected

  • Destroyed

  • Detached

  • Dumb

  • Dead

  • Dissociative

  • Doubt-filled

  • (BCJohnson, 2012)

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Society vs god perspectives

SocietyGOD

rebelliousbeloved

runawaysson/daughter

trouble-makerprecious

deviantspecial

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

SocietYVs God Perspectives

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


Strength based approach

The RFK Mailbox Story

Strength-Based Approach


The road often travelled by youth

T.R.A.C.,

THIS is who you work with.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth

T.R.A.C.,

You intervene.

You do prevention.

You make a difference.

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


The road often travelled by youth1

The ROAD often TRAVELLED by YOUTH

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D.

Licensed Psychologist

Serving the Sexually Abused & Exploited

Engedi Refuge - Royal Family KIDS - Agape International Mission

Becca C. Johnson, Ph.D. RCJohnson448@gmail.com


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