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Segregate Animal Populations . Photo courtesy of Brenda Griffin, DVM. Why Separate Shelter Populations?. Segregating populations is a strategy to: Contain outbreaks of disease Increase safety for animals and people . How To Separate Shelter Populations. Separate animals by: Species

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Segregate Animal Populations

Photo courtesy of Brenda Griffin, DVM

why separate shelter populations
Why Separate Shelter Populations?

Segregating populations is a strategy to:

  • Contain outbreaks of disease
  • Increase safety for animals and people
how to separate shelter populations
How To Separate Shelter Populations

Separate animals by:

  • Species
  • Health status
  • Age
  • Physical and behavioral traits
recommended housing areas
Recommended Housing Areas

Quarantine

Minimally,

a shelter should have these housing areas for cats and for dogs

Healthy Hold

Isolation

Adoption

healthy hold
Healthy Hold

Who is Housed Here:Stray and surrendered healthy animals until they are able to be moved to adoption floor.

If an animal develops signs of illness, immediately move the animal to isolation.

Brenda Griffin, DVM

adoption
Adoption

Who is Housed Here:

    • Healthy animals available for adoption.
  • If an animal develops signs of illness, immediately move the animal to isolation.

Brenda Griffin, DVM

quarantine
Quarantine

Who is Housed Here:

Create multiple quarantine areas for animals considered potentially dangerous :

  • Animals being observed for rabies
  • Animals exposed to infectious disease but not yet clinical during an outbreak situation
isolation
Isolation

Who is Housed Here:

Animals who are clinically ill (symptomatic) and infected with a communicable disease.

In an isolation space, the use of barriers and solid walls can lessen the transmission of disease.

feral cats
Feral Cats

Feral cats can be highly stressed by the amount of activity, light, and noise that are common in animal housing areas.

A place to hide, low light, quiet, and limited activity help reduce stress.

juveniles
Juveniles

Young animals in the shelter are at high risk of illness. Minimize stress and disease transmission by designating separate housing areas for:

  • Juveniles (5 months and younger)
  • Mothers and their babies
alternate housing for juveniles
Alternate Housing for Juveniles

Foster care is an excellent alternative for:

  • Mothers and their nursing litters
  • Animals too young to be adopted
unvaccinated animals
Unvaccinated Animals

Unvaccinated animals should be housed separately from those who have documented vaccination histories and have their cage cards noted.

After vaccination, these animals may be moved to the appropriate housing area.

multiple isolation areas
Multiple Isolation Areas

Set up multiple isolation areas to prevent injured animals from getting sick and to prevent sick animals from being exposed to a second disease.

Some agencies may choose to further separate animals:

  • By type of illness (or suspected illness)
  • Animals who are injured but not otherwise ill
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