Source: ECDC
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Source: ECDC report 2011. Meningococcal Disease deadly, disabling, disfiguring. Leading infectious cause of death in children Long-term after effects for 1 in 3 affected Top among illnesses feared by parents Strikes suddenly , mainly healthy children

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Source: ECDC report 2011

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Source: ECDC report 2011


Meningococcal Disease

deadly, disabling, disfiguring

  • Leading infectious cause of death in children

  • Long-term after effects for 1 in 3 affected

  • Top among illnesses feared by parents

  • Strikes suddenly, mainly healthy children

  • Rapid onset: briefwindow for effective medical treatment

  • Staggering costs


Septicaemia

After effects

Meningitis

  • Deafness

  • Severe learning impairment

  • Paralysis, plegia

  • Blindness

  • Epilepsy

  • Psychosocial problems

  • Amputations

  • Skin, muscle damage

  • Distorted bone growth

  • Arthritis

  • Kidney damage

  • Cognitive problems

  • Psychosocial problems


Septicaemia

Costs of severe cases

Meningitis

  • Acute medical costs

  • Long-term medical costs

  • Specialist equipment

  • Special education

  • Direct social care costs, benefits, lost tax revenue

  • Acute costs

  • Outpatient costs, prosthetics, corrective surgery

  • Specialist equipment

  • School adaptation and support

  • Direct social costs, benefits, lost tax revenue

£3,038,719

£4,474,427


Litigation costs


Early symptoms resemble mild illnesses

~50% of children sent home by GPs

Short window for intervention

Most deaths within 24 hours

Better antibiotics and management: fatality reduced

2 decades: every new therapeutic drug unsuccessful in clinical trials

Limited potential for improved diagnosis and treatment


Impact of Hib vaccine in Ireland

Adapted from Guidelines for (HPSC (2012) The early clinical and public health management of bacterial meningitis


Incidence of Meningococcal Disease in Ireland

Men C vaccine


Reduction in invasive pneumococcal disease in young children


Prevention is better than cure


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