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Fable  Lion & the Mouse Sinbad & Genie. Describe the structural differences of various imaginative forms of literature, including fantasies, fables, myths, legends, and fairy tales. What is a Fable?.

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Fable  Lion & the Mouse Sinbad & Genie

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Fable Lion & the MouseSinbad & Genie

Describe the structural differences of various imaginative forms of literature, including fantasies, fables, myths, legends, and fairy tales.

What is a Fable?

  • Fables are stories intended to teach a lesson, and animals often speak and act like human beings.

LRA 3.1

Elements to Remember

  • ANIMALS are usually the main characters

  • The plot and characters are SIMPLE

  • Stories teach a MORAL or LESSON

  • SETTING is common and nonspecific


LRA 3.1

What is Personification?

  • In simple terms, its making animals or objects seem like real people, with real human feelings and emotions.

Personification =


LRA 3.5


  • Aesop was a slave that lived about 550 BC.

  • He is famous for his fables.

  • Legend says he was granted freedom from his master because he enjoyed the stories so much.

  • Interesting, Aesop didn’t write down any of his fables. But after his death, they were written down for him.

Aesop(Painting, c. 1638, by Diego Velasquez.Museo del Prado, Madrid)

Author’s Purpose

  • These stories were brief, and told to adults for entertainment.

  • These stories were passed down from generation to generation.

RC 2.2

The Lion and the Mouse


Once a lion trapped a mouse under it’s large paw. The mouse pleaded for it’s life, so the lion let it go. Later the lion became entangled in a hunter’s net and roared in distress. The mouse rushed to help. “You’re too small to help,” said the lion. But the mouse nibbled at the net until the lion was free.


  • Topic

    Lion and the Mouse

  • Author

    Aesop’s Fable from Greece

  • Characters

    • Lion

    • Mouse

    • Hunters

  • Setting

    In the Jungle

  • Action

    When the hunters came and caught the lion and tied him with ropes.

  • Resolution

    Mouse cut the ropes with his teeth and make lion free.

  • Moral of the Story

    • Don’t forget: even the smallest friend is worthwhile

    Sinbad and the Genie


    • Topic

      Sinbad and the Genie

    • Author

      Fable from Middle East

    • Characters

      • Sinbad the Sailor

      • Genie

  • Setting

    At the seaside (beach)

  • Action

    When the genie has Sinbad in this hand and tries to eat him.

  • Resolution

    Sinbad made the genie turn small again and sealed him in the bottle.

  • Moral of the story

    • Is not the size or the strength, but the cleverness with which you do things.


    Parts of Speech

    • “Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has. Most grammar books say that there are eight parts of speech:

    • We will add one more type: articles.

    • It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in English, so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are:

    Parts of Speech

    Parts of Speech

    Parts of Speech


    • Ex. 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 (p. 82 - 85)

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