Chapter 15 section 2
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Chapter 15 Section 2 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 102 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 15 Section 2. Hard Times. American Workers Face Unemployment. {At the height of the depression the number of unemployed workers reached about 15 million } For those who were lucky enough to keep their jobs, wages fell drastically (by nearly 1/3)

Download Presentation

Chapter 15 Section 2

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 15 section 2

Chapter 15Section 2

Hard

Times


American workers face unemployment

American Workers Face Unemployment

  • {At the height of the depression the number of unemployed workers reached about 15 million}

  • For those who were lucky enough to keep their jobs, wages fell drastically (by nearly 1/3)

  • If wages weren’t dropped, then hours were

  • African American’s were usually the first to go during lay-offs.

  • {Poor African American women stood on corners hoping for a day’s work in what came to be known as the Bronx Slave Market}

  • Since employers could hire women more cheaply than men, women in the work force actually went up

  • During the Depression, over 6,000 unemployed workers began selling apples in the streets of NYC for a nickel. Most brought in a little over a dollar on a good day


Chapter 15 section 2

Bronx Slave Trade

Apple Salesman


Life in the city

Life in the City

  • During this time the government did little to assist city-dwellers or their communities

  • Instead organizations such as the Salvation Army and the Red Cross tried to provide direct relief to the needy

  • Neighbors also helped each other.

  • Mexican American communities formed aid societies known as mutualistas

  • Chinese Americans would put out large barrels of rice to feed the needy in their community

  • In Harlem they would throw huge “rent parties” in which they would charge a small admissions fee to help a neighbor to pay their rent


Chapter 15 section 2

People waiting in breadlines for a meal


Continued

Continued….

  • Because most didn’t make enough $ to pay rent and to feed one’s family, {poor men and women waited in breadlinesfor food} given out by charitable donations

  • In addition to hunger, homelessness was also an urban problem during the depression

  • The homeless often gathered in shantytowns collections of makeshift shelters built out of boxes, scrap lumber and iron

  • {Blaming an unresponsive President Herbert Hoover, the homeless would refer to the shantytowns as Hoovervilles}


Life on the farm

Life on the Farm

  • With people in the city unable to buy farm produce, farmers found themselves with more goods they could sell and getting very little $ for what they did sell

  • As their incomes fell, many farmers were unable to pay their mortgage. Banks began foreclosing on farms

  • Auctions were held for the foreclosed properties. {Farmers banded together to save farms from foreclosure sales} by bidding extremely low on the foreclosed property and then returning it back to the owner

  • Many believed that removing illegal aliens and Mexican immigrants would help with the unemployment problems, and more than {500,000 people of Mexican descent-many U.S. citizens- were forced to leave}


Chapter 15 section 2

Early civil rights activist Josefina Fierro fought against the discrimination happening in the southwest. She led protests and boycotts. With the help of some celebrity friend she started a radio program for Spanish-speaking audiences. In 1939 she began helping El Congreso, a group that organized Hispanic migrants to resist oppression. She worked tirelessly staging hunger strikes, marches and lobbying for expanded relief programs for Hispanics


Family life in the 1930 s

Family Life in the 1930’s

  • The Depression took its toll on American Families

  • The {marriage rate went down, birthrates declined, divorce rates rose} and women assumed a new role as provider.

  • For middle class and wealthy families the depression was a huge set back

  • Many could not get over the shame of being unemployed, losing their businesses and homes and not being able to provide for their families.

  • {The suicide rate increased. In 1932 alone was more than 20,000}


Popular culture in the 1930 s

Popular Culture in the 1930’s

  • Due to the Depression, people needed a little entertainment and looked to inexpensive pastimes

  • Movie theaters offered inexpensive entertainment

  • {Among the most popular films of the era were gangster movies}, and movies containing roles with strong women, such as Gone With The Wind

  • {Thanks to Walt Disney brightening the movie screens. cartoons became popular too}

  • Radio programs also allowed people to escape. Heroes such as the Lone Ranger, Little Orphan Annie and the Shadow always triumphed over evil


Chapter 15 section 2

Paul Muni as Scarface

Vivian Leigh as Scarlet O’Hara


Continued1

Continued….

  • The average person’s desire to escape reality was also reflected in the literature of that time

  • Comic books like Flash Gordon, The Shadow and Tarzan were inexpensive

  • Novels like Lost Horizon by James Hilton gave people hope of a better world

  • But not all fiction gave people hope and the warm fuzzies. Novels such as Studs Lonigan by James T. Farrell and As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner portrayed grim life and tragic events


Review questions

Review Questions

  • At the height of the depression the number of unemployed workers reached this number

  • Poor African American women stood on corners hoping for a day’s work in what came to be known as this.

  • Poor men and women waited in these for food

  • Blaming an unresponsive President Herbert Hoover, the homeless would refer to the shantytowns as ____________

  • Farmers banded together to save farms from these

  • What types of films were among the most popular of the era?


Chapter 15 section 2

Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men


  • Login