UNIT -5. THEORETICAL MODEL IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE. Models of Social Work. Clinical Social Work Ecological Social Work Empowerment Social Work Relief model Welfare model Clinical model Systems model Radical model Developmental model. Clinical Social Work.
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THEORETICAL MODEL IN
SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE
Clinical social work is the professional application of social work theory and methods,to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention,of psychosocial dysfunction, disability, or impairment, including emotional, mental,and behavioral disorders
Clinical Social Work practice in health care is to enhance, promote, maintain, and restore the best possible social functioning of clients, families and small groups when their ability to do so is affected by actual or potential stress caused by illness, disability, man made or natural calamity or injury
Empowerment can be defined as,” enabling service users to take action to improve their lives. From the point of view of service users, practitioners are often in positions of considerable power, particularly where decisions are being made about the delivery of services and around intervention in people's lives. To practice empowerment, social workers will need to focus on working with service users to engage them in the problem-solving process”.
Empowerment is linked with anti-oppressive practice, in that the social worker can work with service users to enable them to overcome barriers to solving problems – whether located in the attitudes and practices of professionals and social institutions (for example, health and education authorities) or in the beliefs of the service user. The social worker's knowledge of service provision and the law can be critical in empowering service users.