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The Importance of the Physical Education and Sport Syllabus of the Caribbean Examinations Council in Benchmarking Accomplishments for the Subject at the Secondary Level. by Stafford A. Griffith, Ph.D. Pro-Registrar, Caribbean Examinations Council. Introduction.

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by Stafford A. Griffith, Ph.D. Pro-Registrar, Caribbean Examinations Council

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By stafford a griffith ph d pro registrar caribbean examinations council l.jpg

The Importance of the Physical Education and Sport Syllabus of the Caribbean Examinations Council in Benchmarking Accomplishments for the Subject at the Secondary Level

by

Stafford A. Griffith, Ph.D.

Pro-Registrar, Caribbean Examinations Council


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Introduction

  • The Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate (CSEC) in Physical Education and Sport was completed in 2003 for first examination in June 2005

  • It is one of the 33 CSEC syllabuses that the Council offers

  • In addition, the Council offers 25 subjects comprising 43 Units at the post-secondary level leading to the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examination (CAPE)

  • Both CSEC and CAPE are offered in all 16 member-countries of CXC


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The Impetus for a CSEC Syllabus in Physical Education and Sport

  • A CSEC syllabus in Physical Education and Sport was discussed by the CXC as early as 1999 when developing the CSEC syllabus in Theatre Arts

  • However, the real impetus for the development of a the syllabus came from CARICOM’s Third Special Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development (COHSOD)

  • In May 2001, COHSOD endorsed a proposal that CXC should be invited to develop a CSEC syllabus in Physical Education by 2003


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  • At its subsequent meeting of November 21, 2001 SUBSEC directed the Registrar to

    • work with the CARICOM Secretariat to determine what progress had been made in developing a regional programme of Physical Education and Sport and

    • initiate the development of a syllabus in this area in keeping with the request endorsed by COHSOD

  • This led to extensive consultations to determine what programmes were already being implemented in the Region and what had been planned

  • The Council also undertook an assessment of the viability of a Physical Education and Sport syllabus

  • Based on the findings, SUBSEC approved plans to proceed with the development of the syllabus


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Definition of the Standards to be Accomplished

  • CXC is an important standards setting body for educational programmes in the Region

  • The focus of the work of the Council in developing CSEC syllabuses is on what must be accomplished in the particular subject at the upper secondary level

  • This often requires the development of standards to be accomplished at the lower secondary level of the national curriculum in order to satisfy the pre-requisite for proceeding successfully to the CSEC programme.


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  • There were at least two important considerations for CXC in benchmarking the accomplishment expected at the secondary level:

    • the standards established must be in keeping with the generally accepted international standards required of a student completing secondary education in the subject

    • the standards must reflect the unique features of the subject for a student being prepared for life as a Caribbean citizen

  • In order to satisfy these two considerations for a Physical Education and Sport syllabus, the Council carefully selected, a Panel of specialists from the Region with the appropriate mix of knowledge, skills and experience


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  • To benchmark accomplishment at the upper secondary level to reflect the internationally accepted standard, the Panel considered syllabuses of a number of Examining Boards and countries from several parts of the world

  • To benchmark accomplishments that responded to a Caribbean orientation, the Panel benefited from

    • a review of Physical Education and Sport programmes of a number of secondary and post-secondary institutions in the Region and

    • a review of the first draft of the syllabus by teachers and other specialists in the Region

  • The syllabus development process illustrated well the consultative and iterative process to syllabus development used by CXC


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Overview of the CSEC Physical Education and Sport Syllabus

  • The Physical Education and Sport Syllabus aims to:

    • develop the knowledge, skills and values for the enhancement of performance in a wide range of movement and sport experiences

    • promote optimal health through an understanding of healthy lifestyle practices and regular participation in physical activities

    • develop the capacity for critical and creative thinking, technological competence, problem solving, leadership and cooperative behaviours through authentic learning experiences

  • The syllabus comprises a Compulsory Core and three clusters of Sports Options

  • Each candidate must do the Compulsory Core and three Sports from at least two of the three clusters of Options


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  • The subject is examined at the General Proficiency only

  • Candidates are awarded

    • an overall grade and

    • profile grades on two dimensions - Theory and Practical

  • The examination itself has three components

    • The first is a Paper 01 that is based on the Compulsory Core. It measures Theory only and is worth 30 percent overall

    • The second component is a Paper 02 that measures Practical only, is worth 20 percent overall marks and is based on the performance on one of the Sports selected from Option A, B or C

    • The third component is a Paper 03 or School Based Assessment which has two parts - a Class Project and Practical Skills – and is worth 50 percent overall


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  • The Practical Skills part is worth 40 of the 50 percent for SBA and requires teacher assessment of performance of practical skills on three sports from at least two Options

  • The Class Projects for the other 10 percent of the marks takes the form of an intramural event planned and conducted by the students themselves under the guidance of the teacher and documented in a portfolio

  • Each student is required to take on the role of an official, for example, Competition Director, Competition Secretary, Technical Manager, Coach, Sports Journalist

  • The syllabus describes the responsibilities associated with each role


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Conclusion

  • The requirements of the CSEC syllabus transcends a mere classroom experience

  • It places a heavy weighting on practical skills and authentic experiences

  • It emphasizes formative assessment as an essential element of teaching and learning

  • It is expected that this CSEC syllabus will:

    • Benchmark accomplishments at the upper secondary level

    • Assist in establishing benchmarks at the lower secondary level

    • Promote the expansion of Physical education offerings at all levels of the education system


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  • THANK YOU


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