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Parenting Styles. Parental Influence. Influences personality and behaviour 3 ways parents influence emotional and behavioural responses of children Direct Interaction Rewards and punishments for behaviours Transfer of knowledge Emotional Identification Class, ethnicity or religion

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Parental influence
Parental Influence

  • Influences personality and behaviour

  • 3 ways parents influence emotional and behavioural responses of children

    • Direct Interaction

      • Rewards and punishments for behaviours

      • Transfer of knowledge

    • Emotional Identification

      • Class, ethnicity or religion

    • Family Stories

      • Sense of pride is felt with storytelling


Parental influences
Parental Influences

  • More specifically…

    • Personality

      • Blend of intellectual, motional, social traits

      • Positive and negative traits can pass onto children

    • Past Experiences

      • With other children

      • With other parents

      • Their own childhood

    • Parenting Values

      • What you deem to be necessary/important

    • Parenting Goals

      • Goals/targets to keep them and child’s development on track


Other consderations
Other Consderations

  • Families

    • Food, language, customs, religion, values, beliefs, traditions

  • Economic Conditions

    • Levels of income sometimes impact level of stress

    • Economic conditions in society

      • Downsizing at work

      • Recession

  • Gender Roles

    • How these are filled in home influences child’s perspective and attitude


  • Social Policies

    • Strict laws that insure caregivers responsibilities

    • Family law

      • Domestic abuse

      • Child abuse

      • Divorce

      • Adoption

      • Child care

      • Welfare


Parenting as influence on personality
Parenting as Influence on Personality

  • Developed parenting styles in 1960s

  • Responsiveness: how much parents foster child’s individuality by supporting needs

  • Demandingness: willingness to confront and discipline, involvement in family

  • Depending on culture, different value may be desired

  • Appropriate to view as continuum as not all styles fit ONE category entirely


Authoritarian
Authoritarian

  • Parenting Behaviour

    • Commands and authority

    • Disciplines with force or physical punishment


Permissive
Permissive

  • Overlooks misbehaviour

  • Has little control

  • Allows child to make his or her own decisions


Authoritative
Authoritative

  • Sets limits

  • Provides rationales

  • Expects mature behaviour and dialogue

  • Uses encouragement rather than punishment


Uninvolved
Uninvolved

  • Not aware of child’s needs

  • Doesn’t provide emotional or mental needs

  • Little communication

  • Few demands are placed on child



Open for debate
Open for Debate

  • Where do parents learn how to parent?

  • Given the various consequences that can result from poor parenting, should there be some sort of compulsory government-sponsored parenting course?

  • If so, at what age should this course be offered? Who would teach it? What would be result if parent refused to take course?



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