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BUST OF PHILIP THE ARAB. PHILIP – HIS LIFE . Philip rose to power as the praetorian prefect in Gordian III’s army and fought against the Persians in Mesopotamia. Philip became emperor after Gordian’s death in 244 AD:

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BUST OF PHILIP THE ARAB

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Bust of philip the arab

BUST OF PHILIP THE ARAB


Philip his life

PHILIP – HIS LIFE

  • Philip rose to power as the praetorian prefect in Gordian III’s army and fought against the Persians in Mesopotamia.

  • Philip became emperor after Gordian’s death in 244 AD:

    • Philip’s role in the death of Gordian is unclear; many believe Philip was involved.

    • Philip’s first job as emperor was to sue for a humiliating peace with the victorious Persian king.

  • During Philip’s reign:

    • it was a period of great political, economic, religious, military unrest in the empire.

    • he also had problems throughout his reign with Goths and internal rivals for the emperorship.

    • the senate and the army were vying with each other to see that their favourite candidates got the Emperorship.

  • Eventually he and his son were killed in the Battle of Verona in 249 AD by his own men who preferred Decius as emperor.


  • Bust of philip the arab

    There are many differing opinions on Philip.

    • M. Wheeler says- shifty and opportunistic in character.

      - assassinated the previous emperor, ruled for 5 years, only to be assassinated himself.

    • J. Campbell says- Philip was a mutineer who usurped power.- he became emperor with the help of the army during an unstable time.

    • R. Hannah says- a man with no noble background.

      - his anxious expression reveals his care of the empire in a disturbed time.


    Bust of philip the arab

    • This deep bust is dated to 244-49 AD.

    • His head is tilted up and turned to the right.

    • His eyes look upwards as if for divine inspiration.

    • His hair is close-cropped.

    • He has a neatly trimmed moustache.

    • Philip wears a “trabeated” toga with a broad flat band across his chest.


    Bust of philip the arab

    EYES - pupil of the eye is hollowed out.- iris is incised.

    LIPS- pressed shut…in disapproval? - full mouth.

    HAIR

    - like a raised cap.

    - beard and moustache is created by short sharp incisions.

    - chiseled,

    NOT drilled.


    The bust is veristic in style

    The bust is VERISTIC in style.

    What is veristic again…?

    “warts and all”

    • furrows of concentration on the forehead.

    • overhang brows,

    • he looks worried,

    • deep lines from his nose to his lips,

    • The marble itself is not polished and therefore not baroque, sensual or flashy.


    There is an awareness from the artist s of philip s syrian arab features and his origins

    There is an awareness from the artist’s of Philip’s Syrian (Arab) features and his origins

    • big nose,

    • high cheekbones,

    • solid jaw-line.


    Why does he look like that

    WHY DOES HE LOOK LIKE THAT?

    • The sculptor has captured an expression of anxiety on Philip’s face as if he seems to be weighed down by the cares of the emperor.

    • Viewer is not confronted with a look of command, instead he looks away from us with a look of anxiety.

    • Interesting that Philip would have been satisfied with this image – a worried of a man who doesn’t seem to be in control.

    • His worn face does however show:

      • strength of character,

      • dignity,

      • determination and concern.


    The end

    THE END


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