T e n s e s
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T E N S E S. Matrix #1. Fundamental Tenses. Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple Present Progressive Past Progressive Present Perfect Past Perfect. Simple Past vs. Present Perfect. I (play) a lot of tennis this year. She (have) six different jobs since she left school.

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T E N S E S

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T e n s e s

T E N S E S


Matrix 1

Matrix #1


Fundamental tenses

Fundamental Tenses

  • Present Simple

  • Past Simple

  • Future Simple

  • Present Progressive

  • Past Progressive

  • Present Perfect

  • Past Perfect


Simple past vs present perfect

Simple Past vs. Present Perfect

  • I (play) a lot of tennis this year.

  • She (have) six different jobs since she left school.

  • He (be) unemployed ever since he left school.

  • How many cups of coffee (you drink) today?

  • In those days, James (come) to stay with us most weekends.

have played

has had

has been

have you drunk

came


T e n s e s

  • Shakespeare (write) poems as well as plays.

  • Since my brother lost his job, he (write) three books.

  • I (not work) hard when I was at university.

  • I (have) trouble sleeping all this week.

  • I (have) trouble sleeping all last week.

wrote

has written

did not work

have had

had


Exercises

Exercises:

1. I can’t afford that car. It .... too much.

a. costc. is costing

b. costsd. is cost

2. Janet can’t come to the phone because she .... her hair.

a. washc. washes

b. is washingd. is wash

3. Something .... very good.

a. smellc. smells

b. is smellingd. is smell

4. When Jim ... home, his wife ... dinner.

a. came - cookedc. came - was cooking

b. was coming - cookedd. was coming - was cooking


T e n s e s

5. At one time, Mr. John Smith ... this building.

a. ownc. is owning

b. ownedd. was owning

6. George .... this movie three times.

a. sawc. has seen

b. have seend. see

7. We ... our reports yet.

a. have writtenc. wrote

b. haven’t writtend. will not write

8. After Henry ..... Sidney, he ... to Perth.

a. visited - wentc. had visited - went

b. visited - had goned. had visited - had gone


T e n s e s

9. The view of these disciplines ... from time to time.

a. varyc. have varied

b. variesd. is going to vary

10. The fear of bomb and terrorism .... many people to flee the cities.

a. causec. has caused

b. have causedd. are going to cause

11. Do you mind if I turn the TV off? I ... a long distance call.

a. will placec. place

b. was placingd. am going to place

12. He .... on the grass under that tree over there.

a. layc. lays

b. is lyingd. is laying


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