Applying for an emergency medicine residency
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Applying for an Emergency Medicine Residency. American College of Emergency Physicians. Goals. How to prepare before you apply Choosing a program The application process The interview. Background. Program Formats 1-3: 86 programs 1-4: 14 programs 2-4: 22 programs. Homework.

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Applying for an Emergency Medicine Residency

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Applying for an emergency medicine residency

Applying for an Emergency Medicine Residency

American College of

Emergency Physicians


Goals

Goals

  • How to prepare before you apply

  • Choosing a program

  • The application process

  • The interview


Background

Background

  • Program Formats

    • 1-3: 86 programs

    • 1-4: 14 programs

    • 2-4: 22 programs


Homework

Homework

  • Browse the web

  • Know who’s who in EM

  • Know the major clinical issues facing EM

  • National EM organization membership

    • Including your local EM interest group


Homework1

Homework

  • Choose your mentor well

  • Carefully plan your final medical school years

  • Read the Macy report on EM

  • Purchase : Getting Into a Residency: A Guide for Medical Students

  • Talk to graduates/seniors from your school


Browse the web

Browse the Web

  • Most EM program information is on line

  • Most residencies have home pages

  • Can contact programs via e-mail

  • Can participate in EM discussion groups

  • Many lectures are now electronic

  • www.saem.org/rescat/contents


Who s who in em

Who’s Who in EM

  • Tintinalli and Rosen chapter authors

  • Editorial boards of EM journals

  • Keynote speakers

  • National leaders

  • Recurrent conference lecturers


Major issues facing em

Major Issues Facing EM

  • Editorial subjects

  • Macy report

  • Clinical issues

  • Educational issues

  • Legislative/regulatory issues


Emergency medicine organizations

Emergency Medicine Organizations

  • American College of Emergency Physicians

  • Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

  • American Academy of Emergency Medicine

  • Emergency Medicine Residents’ Association


Ken iserson s getting into a residency

Ken Iserson’s: Getting into a residency

  • Application process

  • CVs

  • Personal statements

  • Letters of recommendation

  • Interviewing tips


Extra credit

Extra Credit

  • Participate in research

    • Know the details

  • EMS ride along

  • Leadership role in EM interest group


The match

The Match

  • 2000 NRMP data

  • 971 PGY-I EM positions

  • 794 (81.7%) filled by US graduates

  • 966 (99.4%) filled in match

  • 122 allopathic programs; 25 AOA programs


Choosing a program the big picture

Choosing a Program: The Big Picture

  • RRC role

    • Consistent educational elements

    • Ensures adequate exposure to various clinical scenarios

  • Your role

    • Maximize learning

    • (Have fun)


Maximize learning

Maximize Learning

  • Location

    • Hobbies

    • Spouse/SO

  • Educational/Teaching philosophy

    • County, community, private

    • Reading vs patient-based


Maximize learning1

Maximize Learning

  • Special interests

    • Fellowship opportunities

    • EMS/Flight experience

    • HBO

    • International

    • Ultrasound

    • Will the program meet your needs?


The big picture

The Big Picture

  • Program accreditation

  • Length of re-certification

    • on probation

  • Financial stability


The application begin with the end in mind

The Application:“Begin with the End in Mind”

  • Dean’s letter

  • Board scores

  • Academic record

  • Personal statement

  • Letters of recommendation

  • Outside interests/activities


Selection criteria

Selection Criteria

  • EM rotation grades 4.79

  • Interview 4.62

  • Clinical grades 4.35

  • Recommendations 4.11

  • Grades (overall) 3.95

  • Elective at the institution 3.76

  • Board scores (overall) 3.35

  • USMLE (II) 3.34

  • Interest expressed 3.30


Selection criteria1

Selection Criteria

  • USMLE (I) 3.28

  • Awards/achievements 3.16

  • Honor society selection (osteopathic) 3.01

  • Medical school 3.00

  • Extracurricular activities 2.99

  • Basic science grades 2.88

  • Publications 2.87

  • Personal statement 2.75


Dean s letter

Dean’s Letter

  • Medical Students

    • November 1st

    • Review for accuracy/content

    • Meet with writer about special attributes

  • Program Directors

    • Class rank

    • Last paragraph

    • Rotation summary


Board scores

Board Scores

  • Medical Students

    • Do your best

    • Study hard

    • Rest before exam

    • Only one part of picture

  • Program Directors

    • Filter based on score

    • Only one part of picture after the filter


Academic record

Academic Record

  • Medical Students

    • Do your best

    • Study hard

    • Be prepared to explain low grades

  • Program Directors

    • Look for trends

    • Look for flags

    • Confusing scoring system


Personal statement

Personal Statement

  • Medical Students

    • Chance to express yourself

    • Why you would fit into the specialty

    • Have others review/critique

    • One page only

    • Monitor spelling/grammar

  • Program Directors

    • Review hundreds

    • Unique character/quality


Letters of recommendation

Letters of Recommendation

  • Medical Students

    • Need at least 3

    • At least 2 should be in your specialty

    • Consider assistant / associate / program director

    • Personal statement CV / USMLE / transcript

    • SLOR format / EM score

    • More valuable if from EM training programs

    • Approach letter writer early while you are still fresh in their mind


Letters of recommendation1

Letters of Recommendation

  • Program Directors

    • Do I know the person who wrote the letter?

    • How does this letter compare to others?


Standard letter of recommendation

Title and position of author

Context that you know the applicant

EM grade

Commitment to EM

Work ethic

Treatment plan

Personality

Global assessment

Match range

Comments

Standard Letter of Recommendation


Outside interests activities

Outside Interests/Activities

  • Medical Students

    • Have fun

    • Become involved

    • Interest groups

    • Research

  • Program Directors

    • Quality of involvement

    • Leadership potential


Before you interview

Before You Interview

  • Read: Koscove EM. An applicant’s evaluation of an Emergency Medicine Internship and Residency. Ann Emerg Med 19:774, 1990

  • Read: Getting into A Residency: A Guide for Medical Students by Kenneth Iserson

  • Read: EMRA. EM in Focus: A Guide for Medical Students


The interview

The Interview

  • When

    • November – January

    • Winter weather travel

    • Revisit program

    • Rank list preparation

  • The Night Before

    • Prepare/review questions

    • Gather data: visit site


The interview1

That day:

Be on time

Don’t over/under dress

Don’t dominate the interview

Be yourself

Ask questions

Take notes

How did it “feel”

Program director

Faculty

Residents

Support staff

The Interview


The interview2

The Interview

  • It’s a small world – make friends

  • Never ever bad-mouth another program

  • Don’t blow off an interview

  • Follow-up letter or phone-call


First and second year students

First and Second Year Students

  • Observe in ED

  • Summer research projects with EM staff

  • EM interest group affiliation

  • Be open to any medical specialty


Third year students

Third Year Students

  • See patients in ED on various rotations

  • Obtain EM physician as mentor

  • Start selecting fourth year rotations


Fourth year students

Fourth Year Students

  • Mandatory/Elective EM rotation

    • Shine

  • Consider extramural rotations

    • Community experience

    • Opportunity at a residency program

  • SAEM list of extramural EM rotations

  • Letters of recommendation


Finally

Finally…

Relax

Have fun

Choose your mentor well

Talk to your peers

Talk to your advisor


Web sites

Web Sites

  • www.acgme.org

  • www.ama-assn.org

  • www.aamc.org

  • www.acep.org

  • www.saem.org

  • www.aaem.org

  • www.emra.org


References to read

References to Read

  • AAMC. Medicare Payments for Graduate Medical Education: What Every Medical Student, Resident, and Advisor Needs to Know. Ivy Baer, JD MPH. [email protected]

  • Grum CM, Wooliscroft JO. Choosing a Specialty: A Guide for Students. JAMA 1993;269:1183,1186

  • Iserson K. Getting Into a Residency: A Guide for Medical Students Camden S.C.: Camden House Publishers 1996

  • Klass D,Clauser B. Evaluating Clinical Skills: Getting It Right Slowly (editorial). Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994;148:133-134

  • Miller RS et al. Employment-Seeking Experiences Resident Physicians Completing Training in 1996. JAMA 1998 280:777

  • Krane JT, Ferraro CM. Selection Criteria for Emergency Medicine Residency Applicants. Acad Emerg Med 2000, 7:54-60


References to read1

References to Read

  • Rosenblum ND, Wetzel M, Platt O, Daniels S, Crawford J, Rosenthal R. Predicting Medical Student Success in a Clinical Clerkship by Rating Students' Nonverbal Behavior. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994;148:213-219

  • Tracy E. How Graduate Medical Education Funding Affects Residency Program Changes. JAMA 1996;276:1536

  • Wagoner NE, Suriano JR, Stoner JA. Factors Used by Program Directors to Select Residents. J Med Educ 1986;61:10-21

  • Wagoner and Suriano. Program Directors’ Responses To a Survey on Variables Used to Select Residents In A Time of Change. Acad Med 1999 74:51-58


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