Business organisation
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BUSINESS ORGANISATION. TYPES OF ORGANISATIONS. SOLE TRADER (d.b.a) UNLIMITED PARTERNSHIP LIMITED PARTNERSHIP PRIVALTE LIMITED COMPANY (Ltd.) PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY (plc) COOPERATIVE (CO-OP) FRANCHISE. Minidictionary Company. company n [C] a legally registered business. (società)

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BUSINESS ORGANISATION

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Business organisation

BUSINESS ORGANISATION


Types of organisations

TYPES OF ORGANISATIONS

  • SOLE TRADER (d.b.a)

  • UNLIMITED PARTERNSHIP

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

  • PRIVALTE LIMITED COMPANY (Ltd.)

  • PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY (plc)

  • COOPERATIVE (CO-OP)

  • FRANCHISE


Minidictionary company

MinidictionaryCompany

company n [C] a legally registered business. (società)

There are many different types of companies:

  • joint stock company (registered company or limited company) società a responsabilità limitata

  • public limited or listed company società per azioni quotate in borsa (company whose shares are traded on the stock exchange)

  • Holding company (holds the share capital of one or more other companies) società finanziaria di controllo, holding

  • subsidiary /səb’sɪdiə,ri/  (company owned by a parent company= società madre) filiale

    Synonyms

    Corporation n [C] AmE società di capitali, corporation concern n [C] (gruppo)

    Businessn [C] azienda


Minidictionary subsidiaries

Minidictionary SUBSIDIARIES

  • SALES S.  company that is owned by, and sells goods or services for, a larger company:

    e.g.The company sells its products in 90 countries through 25 sales subsidiaries and 40 distributors

  • PARTLY-OWNED S. a company of which some of the shares are owned by a larger company:

    e.g. It is a partly-owned subsidiary of the largest telecommunications company inCanada

  • WHOLLY OWNED S. company whose shares are all owned by another company:

    e.g.Under terms of the merger agreement, Learning Co. will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Broderbund.


The growth of business

THE GROWTH OF BUSINESS

  • MERGERS

    horizontal integration,

    forward vertical integration

    conglomerate merger

  • TAKEOVERS

  • ACQUISITIONS

  • JOINT VENTURES

  • MULTINATIONALS


Main documents to set up a limited company

MAIN DOCUMENTS to set up a LIMITED COMPANY

  • a Memorandum of Association (statuto)

    = rules the relationaship with the outside world

  • Articles of Association ( atto costitutivo)

    = regualtes the internal organisation (eg. Voting rights, shares transfer, number of directors, annual genral meeting AGM

  • Certificate of Incorporation (c. di iscrizione al regisro delle imprese)

    = gives the company a separate legal identity


Minidictionary

Minidictionary

  • sharen [C] a unit of the capital of a company. Shares in listed companies can be bought and sold on the stock market: Investors are having to pay a higher price for the company’s shares. azione –

  • shareholdern [C] azionista

  • stockholdern [C] US azionista – shareholding n [C] partecipazione azionaria

    Synonym stock n [C] AmEtitoli

    Collocations

    share capital, share certificate, share dealing, share issue, share price


Shares

SHARES

  • FOUNDERS’ SHARES

    = these shares belong to the people who have founded the company

  • PREFERENCE SHARES

    = the holders of these shares get apid before holders of other types of shares

  • ORDINARY SHARES

    = the holders od these shares get apid last; their income is not guaranteed


Debentures and dividends

DEBENTURES and DIVIDENDS

  • DIVIDENDS

    = profits of a comapny distributed to the shareholders in proportion to the number of held shares

  • DEBENTURES (OBBLIGAZIONI)

    = documents with fixed rate of interest issued by companies in order to obtain more capital

    The investors buying debetured become creditors, their interst is paid whether the cmpany makes profit or not, and before the shareholder’s dividends


Stock usa stockholder

STOCK ; (USA) STOCKHOLDER

  • fin., = (fin.,UK.) quota sociale; partecipazione azionaria

  • (fin., USA) azione (cfr. ingl. share : capital stock, azione ordinaria; preferred stock, azione privilegiata

  • joint stock capitale azionario (o sociale); (collett.) azioni, obbligazioni, titoli, valori mobiliari:

    eg Last year this stock gained ten per cent, l'anno scorso questo capitale azionario ha avuto una plusvalenza del dieci per cento;

    voting stock, azioni con diritto di voto;

    eg to buy stock, comprare azioni (o titoli);

    government stock, titoli di stato; marketable stock, titoli negoziabili; titoli quotati in Borsa

  • [U] (fig.) credito; popolarità: The government's stock fell sharply, la popolarità del governo è calata drasticamente


Minidictionary1

Minidictionary

  • stock optionn [C] an option given to executive employees allowing them to buy shares in the company at a favourable price:

    eg. Microsoft has announced that it plans to end stock options for employees.

    ( opzione di sottoscrizione)


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