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The thing you must always remember when studying a novel in English in Year 10 is:

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The thing you must always remember when studying a novel in English in Year 10 is: You do not simply “read” the novel and try to remember “what happens in” the novel!  you must ANALYSE the  language style and narrative structure and form of the novel.

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The thing you must always remember when studying a novel in English in Year 10 is:

  • You do not simply “read” the novel and try to remember “what happens in” the novel!

 you must ANALYSE the language style and narrative structure and form of the novel.

how do you do this how do you analyse a text
How do you do this???(… how do you “analyse” a text?)
  • You INVESTIGATE the novel
  • You explore the text closely… and pick-out(just like in Find-a-Word puzzles) the language forms and features used by the author.
  • So – the one thing you simply have to learn (and understand) is the names and function of all the different Language Forms and Features(LFF)!
  • You have to know:
    • the technical names of each LFF (Language Form and Feature)
    • you have to know which LFF is which - and…
    • you have to understand why each one is used (what effect does each one have on “meaning” something?).
simile

Simile

He’s as mad as a cut snake

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metaphor

Metaphor

You are a silly sausage

He is an ox of a man

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Pun

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repetition 1 st person narrative and rhyme

Repetition, 1st person narrative and rhyme

I wonder how many stars in the sky?

I wonder why we have to die?

I wonder how many times you say no?

I wonder where this silly rhyme will go?

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alliteration

Alliteration

The waves washed wildly over the wary surfers.

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allusion

Allusion

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metaphor and allusion

Metaphor and allusion

I am the scarlett letter and Romeo the enemy

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irony juxtaposition

Irony/Juxtaposition

The love ‘tween their children healed the hate ‘tween the two familes

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acronym

Acronym

RSPCA

ISA

SEETEL

HSC

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little did he know that this person was his mortal enemy

Foreshadowing – of a major twist in the plot – creates dramatic irony… when the reader / viewer knows something that a particular character doesn’t know!

Little did he know… that this person was his mortal enemy!

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oxymoron

Oxymoron

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jargon

Composer

Responder

Text

Language forms and features

Textual evidence

Context

Intertextual

Jargon

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hyperbole

Hyperbole

I’ve told you a million times…

I’m gonna kill him for playing that prank!!!!

He lives and breaths cricket

There was a mountain of work still to be done

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ambiguity contrast and imagery

Ambiguity, Contrast and imagery

The figure wore a black hat and stood firm on the top stair. The child wore a white nightie and crouched on the bottom stair.

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satire allusion

Satire/Allusion

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juxtaposition contrast

Juxtaposition/Contrast

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satire

Satire

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irony

Irony

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personification

Personification

The sun smiled down and the she-oaks sighed in the breeze.

The sports car caressed the bitumen and the trees shuddered with fear

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pun stereotype imagery

Pun/Stereotype/Imagery

Bank failures in JapanWe all know that financial uncertainty has hit many countries, including Japan. Did you hear?The Origami Bank has folded, Sumo Bank has gone belly up and Bonsai Bank announced plans to cut some of its branches.Karaoke Bank is up for sale and will likely go for a song, while shares in Kamikaze Bank were suspended after they nose-dived.

Samurai Bank is soldiering on following sharp cutbacks, and Ninja Bank is reported to have taken a hit, but they remain in the black.Furthermore, 500 staff at Karate Bank got the chop and analysts report that there is something fishy going on at Sushi Bank where it is feared that staff may get a raw deal.

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jargon1

Jargon

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Pun

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ambiguity

Ambiguity

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euphemism

“it’s not you… it’s me”

“We need to talk…”

Being economical with the truth

James has a casual approach to homework

The old woman passed away quietly in her sleep

“I need to go to the bathroom”

“I have to do a number 2!!”

Euphemism

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pun colloquialism

Pun/Colloquialism

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innuendo

Innuendo

“Men who have large noisy cars have small appeal”

Scarlett Johansen has big teeth.

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hyperbole1

Hyperbole

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personification1

Personification

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satire1

Satire

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oxymoron1

Oxymoron

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sarcasm

Sarcasm

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onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

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oxymoron2

Oxymoron

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imperative

Imperative

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stereotype

Stereotype

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stay tuned

Stay tuned…

To be continued…

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