Abby Swaine, US EPA New England
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Abby Swaine, US EPA New England Transportation Border Working Group April 14, 2010. GHG Emissions by Freight Mode. 2. Freight Sector Diesel Emissions. other highway. school bus. school bus. other highway. 2%. 3%. 1%. 3%. ports. ports. transit. transit. 0%. 4%. 5%. 1%.

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Abby Swaine, US EPA New England Transportation Border Working Group April 14, 2010

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Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

Abby Swaine, US EPA New England

Transportation Border Working Group

April 14, 2010


Ghg emissions by freight mode

GHG Emissions by Freight Mode

2


Freight sector diesel emissions

Freight SectorDiesel Emissions

other highway

school bus

school bus

other highway

2%

3%

1%

3%

ports

ports

transit

transit

0%

4%

5%

1%

other nonroad

other nonroad

4%

9%

agriculture

8%

non-port marine

9%

construction

11%

agriculture

non-port marine

construction

19%

13%

21%

NOx

(6.3 million tons)

PM 2.5

(305,000 tons)

Freight

32%

Freight

56%

Mobile Source Diesel Emissions Inventory by Sector (2004)

3


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

Cars and Passenger Trucks (2009)

Gasoline sulfur control

77-95% lower emissions

Heavy-Duty Trucks and Buses (2010)

Diesel sulfur control (15 ppm maximum, beginning in 2006)

90% lower emissions

Nonroad Diesel Engines and Equipment (2015)

Diesel sulfur control (15 ppm max, beginning in 2010)

90-95% lower emissions

Locomotive and Marine Diesel Standards (2017)

Marine diesel sulfur control (15 ppm maximum) in 2012

Emission Control Areas

80-90% lower emissions

Regulations: Cleaner Fuels & Vehicles

4


Epa standards for new trucks buses

PM

(g/bhp-hr)

HC,NOx

(g/bhp-hr*)

EPA Standards for New Trucks & Buses

* Grams per brake horsepower hour


Ozone concentrations along the canada u s border

Ozone Concentrations along the Canada–U.S. Border


U s canada eca

U.S. & Canada ECA


The smartway challenge

The SmartWay Challenge

How to maximize efficiencywithin each mode & in mode choice, to reduce emissions by saving fuel?

SmartWay Transport Partnership launched Feb 2004 with ATA, top carriers & shippers.

8


The dynamics

The Dynamics

Carriers:

  • Save fuel & money

  • Attain preferred shipper status

  • Get recognition

  • Improve public image

EPA:

  • Reduce emissions

  • Improve energy security

  • Bring agencies & industry together

Shippers:

  • Get better data on operations

  • Understand options for increasing efficiency

  • Shrink carbon foot print

  • Get recognition

9


The results so far

The Results So Far

  • Over 2,600 Partners, representing over

    • 10% of trucks

    • 30% of miles

    • 32% of fuel

  • To date, carriers & shippers have saved 1.5b gal fuel, 16m mt CO2, 217k mt NOx, 12k mt PM.

  • Are on track for 2010 to save (yearly):

    • 622million gallons of diesel fuel

    • Almost 7 million tons of CO2

    • Over $2 billion in fuel and maintenance costs

10


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

Some Partners

TJX


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

What does EPA do for SmartWay?

  • Benchmarking/tracking models

  • Partner support

  • Ratings, awards, brand, publicity

  • Test & verify technology

  • Electrified truck stop network

  • Financing programs & grants

  • Certified SmartWay Trucks & Trailers

  • SmartWay Supply Chain: international, multimodal, level playing field

12


Financing

Financing

EPA nationwide programs: $21 million capital for upgrading, replacing trucks & trailers

Region-specific projects

State-specific projects

SmartWay Finance Center

DOE too:

$22m to Cascade Sierra Solutions for mobile & stationary idle reduction

$115m to 3 OEMs to develop “SuperTruck”

13


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

14


How partners participate

How Partners Participate

www.epa.gov/smartway/transport/become-partner/join.htm

Analyze operations using model

Sign partner agreement

Send model and agreement to SmartWay

With assigned PAM, work out any kinks in model

Choose strategies & implement

Report progress yearly using model

Qualify for “partner” mark

Carriers: medium CO2 + NOx + PM efficiency

Shippers: 50%+ freight shipped with medium-efficiency carriers

Strive to improve score

15


What shippers do

What Shippers Do

Ship more freight with SmartWay Carrier Partners

Model imports carrier scores

Intermodal and multi-modal shipping

Improved scheduling & routing

Full truck loads

Idle reduction at docks

Driver comfort stations

Warehouse improvements

Electric forklifts

Light fleet efficiencies

16


Ne shipper partner success

NE Shipper Partner Success

Increased freight tons shipped by SWT carriers 14% → 100% in about 18 months.

Using 100% rail for shipments to Pacific Northwest. Transit times the same as truck.

Overseas shipments consolidated with others’.

Consolidated loads, increased order lead times & minimums, rerouted shipments→15 % ↓ empty miles.

Reduced pallets/load, required longer trailers & eliminated LTLs →13% ↓ in truck loads shipped.

Reduced CO2 40%/yr & $2.5m in fuel over 2 years.

In NE, use SmartWay & RydeGreen trucks.


What carriers do

What Carriers Do

Idle reduction—mobile, stationary

Speed control

Driver training & incentives

Improved aerodynamics

Advanced tire technology

Advanced lubricants

Advanced power train technologies

Improved freight logistics

Weight reduction

Intermodal and multi-modal alternatives

Renewable fuels, hybrid technology

18


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

SmartWay Tractors and Trailers

10-20% efficiency gain through 2007+ engine, idle reduction, low rolling resistance tires, and aerodynamic equipment

Daimler Navistar Kenworth Mack Peterbilt Volvo Great Dane Hyundai Manac Stoughton Trailmobile Utility Trailer Wabash Vanguard

21


We re on a roll

We’re on a Roll…

  • Carriers saving fuel

  • Shippers hiring fuel-efficient carriers

  • Both improving logistics

  • Both using more rail

  • New technology blossoming

  • Companies clamoring to join

  • Half of all states have anti-idle laws

  • DOT & EPA developing new MHDV fuel economy standards

    What more could we ask for??(other than $7 diesel)

22


Smartway supply chain the next generation

SmartWay Supply Chain: the NEXT GENERATION


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

SmartWay 2.0 Architecture

24


Smartway 2 0 specifics

SmartWay 2.0 Specifics

More truck carrier distinctions by type:

Operation/duty, engine/body, trailer…

More precise performance data.

Finer-grained rating system.

Strategies for marine, air, rail, barge similar to truck: engine & body technologies, fuel type, carrier operations, shipper operations.

Some 3rd party auditing.

Carriers converted Fall 2009; shipper model launch imminent.


International smartway network

International SmartWay Network

  • Canada: FleetSmart

  • International Summit December 2008 at U of Michigan

  • Countries working on SmartWay sister programs:

    • Belgium, France, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, India, Japan

    • EU to launch SmartWay platform

    • Commission for Environmental Cooperation: use SmartWay for NA trade corridor

    • China!

  • Harmonize supply chain GHG accounting methods, share data

26


Domestic smartway collaboration

Domestic SmartWay Collaboration

DOT (MARAD): America’s Marine Highways; Ship Operations Cooperative Program; 2.0 for marine.

DOT (FHWA): Office of Freight Planning (“Talking Freight”) & Office of Freight Management; EPA/DOT/HUD Livability Initiative; I-95 Corridor Coalition.

DOE: $ for Alt Fuel and Idle Reduction (mobile, stationary) technology & infrastructure; Clean Cities Coalitions.

Industry: ATA, AAR, CSCMP,CRT…


Abby swaine us epa new england transportation border working group april 14 2010

Abby Swaine

New England Coordinator

617-918-1841

[email protected]

www.epa.gov/smartway

www.epa.gov/smartway/documents/2009awards.pdf

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