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Formal Organizations . Unit 3: Socialization. Formal Organizations. We spend most of our lives interacting with secondary groups Formal organization : large, complex secondary group that has been established to achieve specific goals Examples?. Bureaucracy .

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Formal organizations

Formal Organizations

Unit 3: Socialization


Formal organizations1
Formal Organizations

  • We spend most of our lives interacting with secondary groups

  • Formal organization: large, complex secondary group that has been established to achieve specific goals

  • Examples?


Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy

  • Many formal organizations are structured in a form called bureaucracy

  • Bureaucracy: a ranked authority structure that operates according to specific rules and procedures


Bureaucracy1
Bureaucracy

  • Weber believed bureaucracies arise in industrial societies because of an increasing tendency towards rationalization

  • Examples?


Weber s model of bureaucracies
Weber’s Model of Bureaucracies

  • Division of Labor

  • Ranking of Authority

  • Employment Based on Formal Qualifications

  • Rules and Regulations

  • Specific Lines of Promotion and Advancement


Bureaucracies
Bureaucracies

  • Pros?

  • Cons?


Bureaucracies pros
Bureaucracies: Pros

  • Things get done quickly and efficiently

  • Can achieve large-scale goals

  • High level of production

  • Create order  clearly defined job tasks and rewards


Bureaucracies cons
Bureaucracies: Cons

  • Idea of self-continuation  goals of individuals get lost

  • Bureaucratic personalities form  loss of creativity

  • “Red Tape”  causes delays

  • Tendency to result in oligarchies


Bureaucracies1
Bureaucracies

  • Power tends to concentrate in the hands of a few people

    • They use their power to promote their own interests

  • Sociologist Robert Michels calls this the iron law of oligarchy  the tendency of organizations to become increasingly dominated by small groups of people


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