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Formal Organizations . Unit 3: Socialization. Formal Organizations. We spend most of our lives interacting with secondary groups Formal organization : large, complex secondary group that has been established to achieve specific goals Examples?. Bureaucracy .

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formal organizations

Formal Organizations

Unit 3: Socialization

formal organizations1
Formal Organizations
  • We spend most of our lives interacting with secondary groups
  • Formal organization: large, complex secondary group that has been established to achieve specific goals
  • Examples?
bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
  • Many formal organizations are structured in a form called bureaucracy
  • Bureaucracy: a ranked authority structure that operates according to specific rules and procedures
bureaucracy1
Bureaucracy
  • Weber believed bureaucracies arise in industrial societies because of an increasing tendency towards rationalization
  • Examples?
weber s model of bureaucracies
Weber’s Model of Bureaucracies
  • Division of Labor
  • Ranking of Authority
  • Employment Based on Formal Qualifications
  • Rules and Regulations
  • Specific Lines of Promotion and Advancement
bureaucracies
Bureaucracies
  • Pros?
  • Cons?
bureaucracies pros
Bureaucracies: Pros
  • Things get done quickly and efficiently
  • Can achieve large-scale goals
  • High level of production
  • Create order  clearly defined job tasks and rewards
bureaucracies cons
Bureaucracies: Cons
  • Idea of self-continuation  goals of individuals get lost
  • Bureaucratic personalities form  loss of creativity
  • “Red Tape”  causes delays
  • Tendency to result in oligarchies
bureaucracies1
Bureaucracies
  • Power tends to concentrate in the hands of a few people
    • They use their power to promote their own interests
  • Sociologist Robert Michels calls this the iron law of oligarchy  the tendency of organizations to become increasingly dominated by small groups of people
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