Objective student will be able to understand and explain the origins of government in the colonies
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Objective: Student will be able to understand and explain the origins of government in the colonies. Essential Question: How did the systems of government in England shape or direct the formation of government in the colonies?. The Origins of Early Government in the Colonies. Magna Carta

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Objective: Student will be able to understand and explain the origins of government in the colonies.

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Objective student will be able to understand and explain the origins of government in the colonies

Objective: Student will be able to understand and explain the origins of government in the colonies.

Essential Question: How did the systems of government in England shape or direct the formation of government in the colonies?


The origins of early government in the colonies

The Origins of Early Government in the Colonies

Magna Carta

The Mayflower Compact

The Virginia House of Burgesses

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Declaration of Rights, 1689


The signing of the magna carta 1215

The Signing of the Magna Carta, 1215


The magna carta 1215

The Magna Carta, 1215

  • King John, an English King constantly demanded money and men for wars from his feudal barons.

  • The feudal barons in 1215 forced King John agrees that he had “no right” to demand their property without their consent. Their consent was to be agreed upon in a grand council.

  • King must now get consent of the people


The magna carta

The Magna Carta

  • Two important aspects of the Magna Carta:

    • there must be a set of laws governing (precedents) how the King and his subjects will deal with each other.

    • the King is not the highest authority and that he is bound by a higher law that limits his authority.


Clarifying question

Clarifying Question:

  • How did the feudal barons get the king to concede to their rights of property?


Virginia house of burgesses 1619

Virginia House of Burgesses, 1619


Virginia house of burgesses

Virginia House of Burgesses

  • 1619 the first elected representative government appears in Virginia.

  • House of Burgesses imposed taxes and ran the colony

  • It is modeled after the English Parliament.

  • English Parliament was England’s lawmaking elected government.


Clarifying question1

Clarifying Question

  • What does representative government mean?


Signing of the mayflower compact

Signing of the Mayflower Compact


Mayflower compact 1620

Mayflower Compact, 1620

  • 1620, Pilgrims arriving near the New England Coast agree to write a contract that allows for self-government.

  • The Mayflower Compact promised that every adult male would vote for the Governor and his advisors on a yearly basis.

  • It supports the idea of majority rule.


Clarifying question2

Clarifying Question

  • Explain the idea behind majority rule.


Fundamental orders of connecticut 1639

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639


Fundamental orders of connecticut 16391

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639

  • First written constitution in North America. It was the work of a Puritan clergyman, Thomas Hooker.

  • It was a outline for self-government of the colony. The well being of the community came before the individual.

  • Adult males elected a governor, assistants, and a legislative assembly to make laws for the community.


Clarifying question3

Clarifying Question

  • Which population was in general allowed to participate in government?


Colonial government

Colonial Government

  • Colonial governments like the House of Burgesses elect their own representatives

  • Representatives impose taxes, fines and managedcolonial affairs

  • Colonists believe they are Englishmen and should have a say in their government

  • Colonists are used to running their governments on their own, the English have let the colonies get used to this


James ii

James II

  • “Divine Rights” belief that the king was God’s choice to rule on earth

  • A monarch has absolute power over his nation

  • A monarch appoints government officials who answer to him not the people

  • A monarch passed laws without the peoples consent or input


The glorious revolution

The Glorious Revolution

  • Glorious because no one died in battle and Revolution because the English overthrow the last Catholic monarch

  • Parliament takes away many powers from the monarchy

  • Monarchs William of Orange and Mary agree to give Parliament more power


English bill of rights 1689

English Bill of Rights, 1689

  • Monarchs William of Orange and Mary agree to give Parliament and people more power under Bills of rights than the monarchs:

    • Parliament agrees on laws not the king

    • Raise taxes

    • Parliament okays the raising of an army

    • Parliament and public have free speech against the government

    • Trial by jury

    • Elections and debates


Clarifying question4

Clarifying Question

  • How is the English Bill of Rights a precursor to the American Constitution?


Colonial government1

Colonial Government

  • King appointed the governor in his place

  • Governor appointed by King and had final say on laws

  • Assemblies made laws, passed taxes, paid governor’s salary which made the governor listen to the assemblies


Clarifying question5

Clarifying Question

  • What purpose does a system of check and balances have on the colonial governmental structure?


Freedom of the press

Freedom of the Press

  • John Peter Zenger Trial, 1735

  • Arrested for exposing governor’s corruption in his paper

  • Charged with seditious libel

  • Wins freedom of press and papers will begin to address political issues


Clarifying question6

Clarifying Question

  • How does freedom of the press directly affect governmental power?


Colonial government exit slip

Colonial Government Exit Slip

  • On a sheet of paper write down the following:

  • Write your name and period

    • 3 facts you have learned from lecture

    • 2 questions you have

    • 1 misunderstanding or item you need review on.


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