Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri
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“ Empowering Young Inmates through Lifelong Learning Programs In Malaysia: Prospects and Challenges” ICLLL 2011, Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1. “ Empowering Young Inmates through Lifelong Learning Programs In Malaysia: Prospects and Challenges” ICLLL 2011, Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur 14 – 15 th November 2011 by: Rosfizah Md Taib. 2. Introduction

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“ Empowering Young Inmates through Lifelong Learning Programs In Malaysia: Prospects and Challenges” ICLLL 2011, Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur

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Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

1

“Empowering Young Inmates through Lifelong Learning Programs In Malaysia: Prospects and Challenges”

ICLLL 2011,

Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur

14 – 15th November 2011

by:

RosfizahMdTaib


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Introduction

This paper reports some of the data from a recent study, adopting a qualitative methodology; exploring the views of the prisons officials regarding the educational empowerment of the institutionalized children and young people throughlifelong learning programs.


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Background

“Child and Young Offenders”

“The Implementation of Lifelong Learning Programmes for Young People within the Malaysian Prisons Institutions”

“The Development of Lifelong Learning Programmes Provided for Young People within the Malaysian Prisons Institutions”


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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“ Who are Child and Young Offenders?”

Institutional Treatments

2

1

A closed institution

Under the administration & management of the Malaysia Prisons Dept. (“MPD”)

An open institution

Under the administration & management of the Department of Social Welfare

“Advanced Approved Schools”

1. Prisons institutions &

2. Henry Gurney Schools

“Approved Schools”

1.Tunas Bakti Schools

2. Taman Seri Puteri etc.

More serious crimes & more rigid security

Less serious crimes & less rigid security

14 ≤ Young People ≤ 21


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“The Implementation of Lifelong Learning Programmes for Young People within the Malaysian Prisons Institutions”

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT PLAN (“PELAN PEMBANGUNAN INSAN”)

(blue print of the Malaysia Prisons Department)

REHABILITATION MODULE

“PUTRA MODULE”

OTHER MODULES

A rehabilitation program for Young People

  • A rehabilitation program for other group of offenders e.g. adult prisoners, drug addicts, & etc.


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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“PUTRA MODULE”

underlying principles : a holistic rehabilitation programme stresses on

physical, clinical & psychological aspects.

a guideline for the MPD – to provide rehabilitation programmes for Young People.

to make the YP realize of their past wrongdoings &

to encourage YP becoming better persons.

aims to help YP revealing their real potentials and capabilities as to concentrate in academic programs and/or skills and/or sports or other fields.

through a range of educational programs; these YP are educated and trained to positively progress towards becoming better persons.


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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“The Development of Lifelong Learning Programmes for

Young People within the Malaysian Prisons Institutions”

AS AT 2008

There were 12 young inmates in the Kajang Prison who have been pursuing their higher studies in various fields through LLL Programs managed by 2 institutions namely; OUM and Association of Business Executive.

IN ADDITION

Many YP from the Henry Gurney School, Malacca, [as recorded since 2005 – 2008], have been pursuing their studies in a variety of higher learning institutions, namely; KolejKomuniti, OUM, Politeknik Malaysia and other private institutions.


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Discussion Outline

1. How do the prisons officials in Malaysia perceive regarding the concept of lifelong learning programs as implemented for young people within the prisons institutions?

2. How do the prisons officials in Malaysia observe the relationship between the implementation of lifelong learning programs and the rehabilitation of young people?

Aim of the Paper

Whether attitudes of prisons officials towards understanding the concept of lifelong learning programs would give more empowerment to young inmates in gaining educational opportunities during their imprisonment?


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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“Attitudes of Prisons Officials on the Importance of

the Concept of Lifelong Learning Programs for Young People within the Malaysian Prisons Institutions”

ATTITUDES OF

PRISONS OFFICIALS

2

1

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LLL &

THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS

THE ROLE

OF lifelong learning programs (“lll”)


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Attitudes of Prisons Officials on

THE ROLE OF “LIFE LONG LEARNING PROGRAMMES”

Include any formal and informal learning activities during the detention period.

1

Imprisonment is no hindrance for young inmates to develop themselves through educational opportunities.

2

Provide necessary means for young inmates to pursuit knowledge & education.

3

One suitable approach that could encourage continuous process of learning amongst YP.

4


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Attitudes of Prisons Officials on

THE ROLE OF “LIFE LONG LEARNING PROGRAMMES” (Cont.)

Beneficial for YP to gain adequate knowledge without major restrictions.

5

The nature: flexible & accessible for everyone – would enhance young inmates gaining skills & qualifications during imprisonment.

6

The implementation - vital - provides a second chance for young offenders to continue and/or repeat halfway schooling (or academic) activities.

7


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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THEREFORE,

The MPD is committed towards providing adequate accessibility to educational rights for institutionalized youths during the imprisonment.

1

The MPD intends to bridge possible educational gaps between institutionalized young persons and youths outside the institutions.

2


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Attitudes of Prisons Officials on

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LLL and THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS

There is a close relationship between the implementation of lifelong learning programmesfor young people and

the aims of the MPD to rehabilitate the youths.

1

One good platform for the youths to gain knowledge & skills

that could guide them becoming better persons.

2

The implementation of LLL is useful – would encourage YP to

improve their qualifications as well as their self development.

3


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Attitudes of Prisons Officials on

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LLL and THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS (Cont.)

Attitudes of Prisons Officials on

THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS (Cont.)

It is the responsibility of the MPD to provide a helpful medium –

to achieve the objectives of rehabilitating the institutionalized young persons during the imprisonment.

4

The accessibility nature of LLL Programs facilitating all people of all ages and backgrounds - receive education through formal and informal learning approach - essential for institutionalized young persons to utilize similar educational opportunities during incarceration.

5

The MPD regards offenders are still valuable resources to the country – LLL would assist to develop these offenders towards producing better citizens who could socially contribute to the nations upon their reintegration into the society.

6


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

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Recommendations & Suggestions

  • The data would suggest the prisons officials opine:

  • LLL Programmes play a great role in helping to develop young offenders during incarceration.

  • Educational attainment should be given a priority in terms of rehabilitating young offenders.

  • The implementation of LLL Programmes within the prisons institutions should be widened so as to encourage the youths receiving education as much as possible they could.

  • By empowering more educational opportunities for these youths; they would be more aware of the intention of the prisons management towards rehabilitating them becoming better persons.


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Recommendations & Suggestions (cont.)

  • Institutionalized young persons should enjoy LLL Programmes whilst imprisoned since the management understands the nature of the learning programs is flexible and accessible to everyone of all ages and backgrounds.

  • The implementation of LLL Programmes shows the commitment of the MPD in realizing the fulfilment of educational rights for young offenders as per enshrined in the Convention of the Rights of the Child.

  • The implementation of LLL Programmes imply the MPD comprehends its duty to fulfil the objectives of democracy in education as per contained in the “Education for All” policy.

  • The collaborations involving between the MPD and the MoE; and, the MPD and the OUM towards providing more flexible and accessible educational opportunities for the youths inside the institutions should be commendable.


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Recommendations & Suggestions (cont.)

  • The seriousness of the MPD towards bridging the gaps in terms of mind development between the institutionalized YP and the youths outside the institutions; would also inspire the institutionalized YP becoming better persons during imprisonment and after released.

  • More similar collaborations involving the MPD and oth. organizations is vital towards making further educational empowerment for YP within the prisons institutions feasible.

  • The forms of collaboration should also cover the encouragement to open more research opportunities and studies for the members of public particularly higher learning institutions and academics.

  • By gaining more educational empowerment during incarceration, the youths would learn to adapt good behaviour and life styles towards changing the negative perceptions of the society against them – therefore, possible social stigma would be gradually demolished.


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Conclusion

  • The current study sought to examine whether the attitudes of the prison officials influence the educational empowerment of young inmates in gaining educational opportunities through LLL Programmes during the imprisonment period.

  • The prison officials’ perceptions towards empowering more educational opportunities through LLL Programmes for the youths within the prisons institutions denote their stance believing it is possible for these YP to become better persons once they are given adequate educational opportunities to do so.

  • The prison officials were positive when demonstrating how effective LLL Programmes could assist the MPD achieving its objectives towards rehabilitating the youths becoming better persons upon their reintegration into the society.


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Conclusion (cont.)

  • The government, private sectors and NGOs through various related departs. play a major role in fulfilling the responsibility supporting the MPD to provide more educational opportunities through LLL Programs for the institutionalized children and YP in Malaysia.

  • Finally, the author suggests - more empirical studies should be carried out to investigate what are possible constraints and challenges that the MPD should face by the implementation of LLL Programs within the prisons institutions in Malaysia?


Empowering young inmates through lifelong learning programs in malaysia prospects and challenges iclll 2011 seri

THANK YOU


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