Electoral System by Kumar Ingnam. Importance of Electoral System. One of most important institutional decision for democracy, Profound effect in future political life of country concerned, Fundamentally political process and technical matter,
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Electoral SystembyKumar Ingnam
Representation Geo.balance Belief Among Federal unit and centre
Respect wasted votes.
4. Accountable Government
5. Making election process sustainable
7. Accountable Representation
8. Encourage political parties
9. Strong opposition
10. Account of International Standard
Electoral System links to “problems”
Liberal Democrates16.8 46 19 52
Tory 30.7165 – -
Laber 43.2419 43 413
Australia: One of few country of compulsory voting. Vote ratio 95%.
Used: Local election of Ireland, Australia & New Zealand
Used; Palestinian, Bermuda, Kuwait, Laos, Mauritius, Thailand, US (Georgia),
1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
1965 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1979 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1950 European Convention on Human Rights: Protocol 1
1969 American Convention on Human Rights
1981 African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Voting ratio in Germany
1949 (78.5), 1953 (87), 1957 (87.8),1961 (87.9), 1965 (86.8), 1969 (86.7), 1972 (91.1), 1976 (90.2), 1980 (88.6), 1983 (89.1), 1987 (84.3), 1990 (77.8), 1994 (790 and 1998 (82.2).