Disaster preparedness in echo madagascar january 2008
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DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN ECHO Madagascar January 2008. ECHO MANDATE.  Humanitarian Aid regulation 1257/96 adopted in 1996 Save and preserve life during emergencies and their immediate aftermath, being man-made crisis or natural disasters - article 2(a)

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DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN ECHO Madagascar January 2008

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Disaster preparedness in echo madagascar january 2008

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN ECHO

Madagascar

January 2008


Echo mandate

ECHO MANDATE

Humanitarian Aid regulation 1257/96 adopted in 1996

  • Save and preserve life during emergencies and their immediate aftermath, being man-made crisis or natural disasters - article 2(a)

  • To carry out short term rehabilitation and reconstruction work, to help those affected regain a minimum level of self-sufficiency, taking long term development objectives into account where possible – article 2 (d)

  • To ensure preparedness for risks of natural disasters and use a suitable rapid early-warning and intervention system – article 2 (f)


Disaster preparedness in echo madagascar january 2008

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR): To minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards.

DG ECHO core mandate

DG ECHO core mandate


Part 1

Part 1

MAIN CONCEPTS

in

Disaster Risk Reduction


Disaster preparedness in echo madagascar january 2008

HAZARD

Los componentes

Risk management

Los componentes del DESASTRE

Disaster components

de la gesti

ó

n del

components

riesgo

A

Vulnerabilidad contextual

Contextual Vulnerability

PREVENCION

PREVENTION

M

E

Vulnerabilidad F

Physical Vulnerability

í

sica

MITIGACION

MITIGATION

N

A

Capacidad de respuesta

Coping Capacities

PREPARACION

PREPAREDNESS

Z

(COPING CAPACITY)

A


Preparedness

PREPAREDNESS

  • Reinforcement of capacity to respond by the local actors before the external aid arrives.

  • Training : search and rescue teams, provision of material and equipment, organisation of simulation exercises, …

  • Awareness campaigns with the population (i.e: at schools) to recognise disaster risks & necessarymeasures.

  • Early warning systems (collection of hydrometric data, communication systems, awareness signs, etc…).

  • Technical surveys(mapping of villages/risks/existing structures,…).

  • Institutional building : reinforce regional information sharing and coordination between different actors


Mitigation

MITIGATION

  • To limit/minimise the averse impact of natural, environmental, technological hazards by reducing the physical vulnerability of the existing sites / infrastructures :

    • Small scale pilot projects and

    • easy toreplicate models: costal reforestation, construction of protection walls along water streams, building of elevated platforms for key village assets (i.e: water points) to face flooding, reinforcement of bridges to allow quick evacuation of people, …

    • Support to creation of infrastructures for emergency intervention: community shelters, water reservoirs, …


Prevention

PREVENTION

  • Improvement of decision making

  • and reduction of vulnerabilities at

  • a more global level.

  • Includes:

  • planning (i.e site planning)

  • legal measures (i.e : construction

  • codes)

  • infrastructure works (i.e: dams,

  • retrofitting,…), etc.


Part 2

Part 2

ECHO’S POSITION


Disaster preparedness in echo

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN ECHO

Three pillars at the level of vulnerable populations:

1. Disaster preparedness programme DIPECHO

2. Working with EC Delegation, Advocacy towards other Commission services and outside

3. Integration of disaster preparedness elements in ECHO´s main activities integration of DP component in relief operations (as done for response to cyclones in 2007 in Madagascar)


1 dipecho programme

1. DIPECHOPROGRAMME

  • Created in 1996 in the context of the UN International Decade for prevention of natural disasters.

  • DIPECHO global Budget 2007 = € 19.5 M (8M in 1998).

  • Focus on preparedness and small-scale mitigation work: “Community-based approach” is central to the strategy but also contributes to regional/international DR promotion.

  • DIPECHO covers 6regions up to now, considered more vulnerable to natural disasters: Andean Community, Caribbean, Central America, Central Asia, South and South East Asia

  • Bi-annual programme by region whenever applicable  in 2007: Andean Community, Caribbean, Central America and South Asia. Regions targeted for 2008: South East Asia, Central America, SE Africa and SW Indian Ocean


Disaster preparedness in echo madagascar january 2008

Regions targeted by ECHO’s disaster preparedness programme, and the major risks they face


Dipecho action plan process

DIPECHO Action Plan Process

National/Regional

Consultative meetings

(NCM)

Project duration:

15 months

Two yearprocess

Decision with

HAC consultation


Characteristics of echo s funding to disaster preparedness

Characteristics of ECHO’s funding to disaster preparedness

  • Focus on the most vulnerable groups in high-risk countries

  • Short-term, community-based and people-centred preparedness

  • Create awareness, provide trainings and build local capacities

  • Very concrete, very practical - strong local ownership

  • Support to national and regional coordination

ECHO projects are designed as PILOT strategies for their region. Their impact is multiplied when the strategies are systematically integrated into long term development planning and projects


2 advocacy

2. ADVOCACY

  • EU member states, EC services, other bilateral donors

  • UN ISDR, other UN organisations

  • International Financial Institutions

  • National authorities and local authorities

  • IFRC and national RC societies

  • NGO partners


Complimentarity with other commission services

PREPAREDNESS

ECHO

MITIGATION

DEV / RELEX

et al

PREVENTION

Complimentarity with other Commission services

  • Longer term instruments of the EC, including RELEX / DEV / AIDCO

  • are better placed to work with:

  • National and regional programmes

  • Programmes of institutional nature

  • Medium & long term programmes

  • Prevention and large scale mitigation programmes


Complimentarity with other commission services1

Complimentarity with other Commission services

Working in close relationship with EC Delegations, DG ECHO give a specific emphasis to the following project strategies:

  • Community - based approaches.

  • Co-operation with local actors.

  • Remote and vulnerable populations not necessarily considered a priority for other stakeholders.

  • Post crisis contexts where the population is more receptive to risk reduction measures.


3 mainstreaming

3. Mainstreaming

  • Preparedness reflected in relief responses

  • Affected and vulnerable groups are often eager to engage

  • Building back better - do no harm


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