North Africa & Southwest Asia. By Ryan S. Chapter 1. The Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia. Map of North Africa & Southwest Asia. What is the importance of the three main rivers to the region?.
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By Ryan S.
The Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia
The importance of the three main rivers is to supply necessary food and water to all the people. The Tigris, Euphrates, and Nile Rivers are also important because they flood and deposit nutrients making the soil fertile.
A Hunter-Gatherer is a person who roamed the East; they found food by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild grains, fruits, and nuts.
When snow melts from the Ethiopian mountains and with the heavy rains in the spring and summer , the riverbanks of the Nile River become flooded. This flood leaves behind fertile soil that has been carried from one area to another.
Irrigation is the process of bringing water to dry land.
What’s unique about the Dead Sea is it’s almost completely dead. Some bacteria can survive in its salty depths, but not fish. Salt and minerals make the water so dense; you can easily float on it!
Ancient cultures of North Africa & Southwest Asia
Hammurabi was a famous emperor of ancient Mesopotamia, he ruled from 1792 B.C. to 1750 B.C. and developed one of the first code of laws.
Each city-state built a special temple for a specific god. The temple was built on a pyramid-shaped tower called a ziggurat. From the winding terraces wrapped around the ziggurat, people could watch celebrations honoring their god.
A class system is society divided into different social groups.
King at the top
Then a farmer
Then those enslaved
Cuneiform is one of the first form of writing developed in Mesopotamia.
Scribes are school trained record keepers that meet the different needs of the temple, the royal government, and the business world.
Without the Nile the farmers wouldn’t be able to have fertile soil for feeding fresh crops. There is an annual flood that makes the soil fertile. They also used the Nile for transportation, food, building supplies, and other resources.
Hieroglyphics was a writing system developed in ancient Egypt that used pictographs to stand for words and or sounds.
Many of the temples and monumental structures of ancient Egypt are still standing today. Without the Nile river , this probably wouldn’t be possible. To build pyramids , the Egyptians used large stone blocks. A single pyramid may contain 92 million cubic feet of stone
Religions of North Africa and Southwest Asia
Jerusalem includes many sacred sites to three different religions. Jews, Christian, and Muslims have lived here for centuries and all share common traits. They all got their start in Southwest Asia.
Monotheism is belief in one god. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions. Judaism was the first monotheist religion.
Polytheism is belief in multiple gods.
A man from the city of Ur, in southeastern Mesopotamia who settled in Canaan, which is now the land of Israel. Abraham’s descendents are known as Jews, and there religious belief is called Judaism.
The first monotheistic religion founded by Abraham. The practice of worship with prayer, study, and good deeds.
Jesus was born in Bethlehem and grew up in Galilee. After being baptized he traveled around the countryside preaching a religion of love and forgiveness and performing miracles. Those who believed in him and his teachings were called Christians
Scripture is sacred writing.
Exile is forced removal from your native country. Exile has been part of the history of Judaism.
A messiah is like a savior.
Baptize means to purify and admit to a new way of life. It is part of Christian beliefs.
Christianity is a religion that developed from Judaism.
Resurrect means to bring back to life. Christians believe Jesus was resurrected after he was crucified by the Romans.
Disciple means a follower of the teachings of another.
Crucify means to be put to death by tying the hands and feet to a cross. This was a common form of execution in ancient Rome.
Muhammad was the founder of the Muslim religion. Followers of Islam consider it disrespectful to display images of Muhammad.
Islam is a religion founded by Muhammad.
Muslim means a believer in Islam.
Qur’an is the sacred text of Islam collected by Gabriel
A prophet is a person who speaks through divine inspiration. Most religions have a prophet.
The Five Pillars of Islam are the most important teachings of Muhammad
Theocracy is a government rule from a religious leader