James Joyce (1882-1941). James Joyce: Introduction. James Joyce is one of the most innovative novelists of the 20 th century and one of the great masters of stream of consciousness writing. James Joyce: Biography. Irish novelist and poet
James Joyce: Introduction
Irish novelist and poet
Born in 1882 in Dublin, the son of a poverty-stricken civil servant
In 1898, studied at Dublin’s University College
and graduated in 1902
Raised in the Roman Catholic faith, he broke with the church while he was in college
James Joyce’s first major work was Dubliners, a collection of fifteen short stories dealing successively with events of childhood, youth and adulthood. As the title indicated, Joyce made Ireland the focus of his stories.
All of the short stories are set in Dublin, Ireland.
Many focus on the themes of death, disease, and paralysis.
Many of the short stories are interconnected by symbols and moods.
The stories are not as bleak as their themes suggest, though.
Many explore the subtleties of experiences that are common to all.
"Araby'' is one of fifteen short stories that together make up James Joyce's collection, Dubliners.
It is the last story of the first set, and is told from the perspective of a boy just on the verge of adolescence.
The story takes its title from a real festival which came to Dublin in 1894, when Joyce was twelve years old.
“Araby”is a story about a boy who wants to buy something for the girl he secretly has a crush on. He looks forward to the coming of the bazaar.Unfortunately, time and money are issues.At the end of the story, the boy has an epiphany and realizes he is only a pitiful creature.
Contemptuous attitude toward Dubliners
“The other houses of the street, conscious of decent lives within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces.”
writer is sympathetic to this poor boy.
The bazaar is dirty and disappointing.
It is closing and the hall is "in darkness,” which mirrors the boy’s inner feelings.
The story ends with the boy realizing that his love existed only in his mind.
The reality of Araby caused the boy’s spirit to awaken.
The reader can see through his eyes that his spirit awakened, and he clearly saw his foolish behavior.
The boy is filled with sadness and anger b/c he will never be able to satisfy his desires.
The boy’s epiphany reveals the futility of human pursuits.