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Eye Donation Awareness Programme. Dr Sanjay Kumar Singh Biratnagar Eye Hospital. What is “Cornea Transplantaion”?. Cornea transplantation is an operation that replaces white opaque cornea with clear cornea. Corneal transplantation is the most successful organ transplantaion.

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eye donation awareness programme

Eye Donation Awareness Programme

Dr Sanjay Kumar Singh

Biratnagar Eye Hospital

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what is cornea transplantaion
What is “Cornea Transplantaion”?

Cornea transplantation is an operation that replaces white opaque cornea with clear cornea

Corneal transplantation is the most

successful organ transplantaion

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

causes of corneal blindness
Causes of corneal blindness?
  • Corneal ulceration
  • Corneal trauma
  • Trachoma
  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Traditional eye medicines
  • Hereditary problems
  • Congenital diseases

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

magnitude of corneal blindness
Magnitude of corneal blindness
  • Diseases affecting the cornea are a major cause of blindness worldwide, second only to cataract in overall importance.
  • Worldwide more than 10 million people are blind from corneal diseases.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

magnitude of corneal blindness1
Magnitude of corneal blindness
  • In Nepal more than 40 thousand eyes are blind because of corneal diseases.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

gap between supply and demand
Gap between supply and demand
  • The requirement of corneas in Nepal is about 8000 annually.
  • The number of eyes being procured annually is about 300.
  • There is a clear gap of about 7700.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

main barriers to collection of donor eyes
Main Barriers to collection of Donor eyes
  • Inadequate public awareness
  • Cultural and religious beliefs

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what needs to be done
What needs to be done?
  • Eye donation awareness activities
  • Eye donation
  • Cornea transplantation

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

eye bank
Eye Bank
  • An eye bank is a charitable organization without any profit motive.
  • It facilitates removal, processing and evaluation of eyes and
  • It distributes them to persons in need of eye transplant.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

slide10

Biratnagar Cornea collection centre:

Started on 16/11/2007

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what is eye donation
What is eye donation
  • Eye donation is an act of charity for the benefit of the society and is totally voluntary.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what is eye donation1
What is eye donation
  • Eyes that are donated are made use of after the person’s death,
  • The eye donation of the deceased can be authorized by the next of kin even if the deceased did not pledge his/her eyes before death.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

becoming a donor
Becoming a donor
  • It is a simple process.
  • Discuss your wish to donate with your next-of-kin.
  • If you are 18 years or older, just fill out a Donor Card.
  • Fill in your name and sign and date the card.
  • Please sign name in the presence of two witnesses. Your witness should also sign the card.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

donor card
Donor Card

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

contact numbers
Contact Numbers?
  • For Biratnagar: Please phone to Cornea Collection Centre at Biratnagar Eye Hospital.
    • Phone No: 021-533660.
    • Mobile No: 9842096240 (24 hours service).

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

who can donate eyes
Who can donate eyes?
  • Eyes can be donated by any person.
  • Person with the history of hypertension, diabetes, asthma, tuberculosis etc can donate their eyes.
  • Spectacle wearers and people who have undergone cataract surgery in past can donate their eyes.
  • There is no age limit for eye donation.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

who can not donate their eyes
Who can not donate their eyes?
  • Death due to Rabies, AIDS, Infectious hepatitis and Septicaemia can not donate their eyes.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

can a living person donate their eyes
Can a living person donate their eyes?
  • No, donation from livings persons is not accepted.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

are there any religious conflicts in eye donation
Are there any religious conflicts in eye donation?
  • There are no religious conflicts on eye donation.
  • Eye donation gives a gift of sight to others.
  • As such, it is consistent with beliefs and attitudes of all major religious and ethical traditions.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what precautions to be taken after death of a donor
What precautions to be taken after death of a donor?
  • Switch off fans.
  • Please raise the head of the deceased by about six inches, if possible.
  • Ensure that eyelids are properly shut and place a clean wet cloth over the eyelids.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

what precautions to be taken after death of a donor1
What precautions to be taken after death of a donor?
  • Please do not put vermilon, abir and rice over eyes or face of the deceased.
  • Inform the eye bank team as soon as possible.
  • Keep a copy of death certificate (if possible).

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

after the removal of eyes would there be any disfigurement
After the removal of eyes would there be any disfigurement?
  • Removing the eyes does not cause any disfigurement.
  • Eye banks have trained personnel who carry out the procedure.
  • Removal of transparent corneal tissues does not cause any disfigurement.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

slide23
Say Yes to Eye Donation.Your Eye Donation will make a difference in the life of two people by giving them sight.

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

slide24

Vision without action is a dream. Action without vision is simply passing the time. Action with vision is making a positive difference

Joel Barker

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

slide25

Thank you very much

Dr. Sanjay. K. Singh

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