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The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 A.D. Original inhabitants of what is known as England were the Celts, the original Britons Pagan Much of their history is unknown until later. A Brief History. The First Invasion of the Celts. Julius Caesar raided “Britain” in 55 and 54 B.C. The Romans.

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The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 A.D.

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The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066 A.D.


Original inhabitants of what is known as England were the Celts, the original Britons

Pagan

Much of their history is unknown until later

A Brief History


The First Invasion of the Celts


Julius Caesar raided “Britain” in 55 and 54 B.C.

The Romans


Introduced the concept of Christianity


Roman rule lasted for nearly 300 years

During this time, commerce flourished

Civilization advanced

Roman rule crumbled in the fourth and fifth centuries


A great fortification running across the island neat the Scottish border

Built circa 123 A.D. for protection from invading Picts and Scots

Nearly 70 miles long

The Romans Built Hadrian’s Wall


The Second Invasion of the Celts: The Germanic Invasion


According to history, in 449 the first band of people from the North German plain crossed the North Sea and settled in what is now known as Kent.

These people were the Jutes from Jutland.


After the first wave of Jutes came the Angles.

Present day England derives its name from the name “Angle-Land.”

Known as the “hook-men.”


Following the Jutes and the Angles, the next invaders were the Saxons.

Known as the “swords-men.”


The Three Tribes Combined to Create Anglo-Saxon England


What Were the Anglo-Saxons Like?

Hardy

Athletic

Wandering

Fierce in personal valor

Pagan

Sea-Faring

Loyal to leader and tribe

Ruled by fate called “wyrd”


They believed in the Norse Gods as part of their superstitions and religious beliefs.


Even now, our weekdays are named after their ancient Norse gods...


Wednesday for the warlike Woden


Thursday for Thor, the god of thunder


Friday for Frigga, the goddess of love and the home


Anglo-Saxon Lives

  • Divided into tribes and kingdoms

  • Each tribe led by a king or chieftain

  • Followers of these kings were called thanes

  • After hunt and battles, they would gather in a mead hall

  • Entertained by a scop and gleeman

  • Governed themselves democratically

  • Decisions made in meeting called folkmoots- the term now applies a moot point


The Mead Hall


The Scop


Elements of Anglo-Saxon Literature


•Composed in Old English•Each line is divided by a caesura (a natural pause or break in a line of poetry, is essential for rhythm)•Incorporates kennings (a metaphorical phrase used to replace a concrete noun)•Usually includes a blend of pagan and Christian elements


As the Anglo-Saxons had no written language, they relied on the following as a means of literary preservation...


The Oral Tradition

  • Defined as a body of songs, stories, and poems preserved by being passed from generation to generation by word of mouth.

  • Often sung by a scop- a traveling storyteller often accompanied by a harp.


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